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is a plant
Plants are living organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. Precise definitions of the kingdom vary, but as the term is used here, plants include familiar organisms such as trees, flowers, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae. The group is also called green plants or...
family with about 460 known species in 36 genera
In biology, a genus is a low-level taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, which is an example of definition by genus and differentia...
. In Europe there are 12 genera.
The flowers are hermaphroditic
In biology, a hermaphrodite is an organism that has reproductive organs normally associated with both male and female sexes.Many taxonomic groups of animals do not have separate sexes. In these groups, hermaphroditism is a normal condition, enabling a form of sexual reproduction in which both...
and actinomorphic. They have 4 or 5 petal
Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. They often are brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. Together, all of the petals of a flower are called a corolla. Petals are usually accompanied by another set of special leaves called sepals lying...
s and 5 or 10 stamen
The stamen is the pollen producing reproductive organ of a flower...
Well known species include:
- Bergenia cordifolia
- Saxifraga umbrosa
- Saxifraga stellaris
Saxifraga stellaris, the starry saxifrage or hairy kidney-wort, is an Arctic-alpine species of saxifrage. It produces panicles of 5–10 white flowers on a stem up to tall, rising from a basal leaf rosette...
- Saxifraga oppositifolia
- Saxifraga paniculata
Saxifraga paniculata is a species of saxifrage native to the United States.-External links:*...
- Heuchera x brizoides
Parnassiaceae Gray is a family of Flowering plants in the eudicot order Celastrales. It is not recognized in the APG III system of plant classification. When that system was published in 2009, Parnassiaceae was treated as a segregate of an expanded Celastraceae. Parnassiaceae has only two...
have sometimes been treated as part of this family, although they are only distantly genetically related.