is an Islamic term
that means "voluntary charity
The practice of charity means the voluntary giving of help to those in need who are not related to the giver.- Etymology :The word "charity" entered the English language through the Old French word "charité" which was derived from the Latin "caritas".Originally in Latin the word caritas meant...
This concept encompasses any act of giving out of compassion, love, friendship (fraternity) or generosity.
Hadith on Sadaqah/Saddka
The Islamic prophet Muhammad: "We used to sacrifice Atirah in pre-Islamic days during Rajab; so what do you command us?” He said: “Sacrifice for the sake of Allah in any month whatever; obey Allah, Most High, and feed (the people).” (Abu-Dawood : 2824)
extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire." (Tirmidhi : 2541)
appeases the Lord’s anger and averts an evil death." (Tirmidhi : 1909)
"Give the Saddka
without delay, for it stands in the way of calamity." (Tirmidhi: 1887)
"The believer’s shade on the Day of Resurrection will be his Saddka
." (Tirmidhi: 1925)
A woman said: "Apostle of Allah, my mother suddenly died; if it had not happened, she would have given Saddka
(charity) and donated (something). Will it suffice if I give Saddka on her behalf?" Muhammad said: "Yes, give Saddka on her behalf." (Abu-Dawood: 2875)
Abu Hurairah , was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the narrator of Hadith most quoted in the isnad by Sunnis.-Early life:...
Muhammad |ligature]] at U+FDF4 ;Arabic pronunciation varies regionally; the first vowel ranges from ~~; the second and the last vowel: ~~~. There are dialects which have no stress. In Egypt, it is pronounced not in religious contexts...
said, "Every day the sun rises, charity (sadaqah/saddka
) is due on every joint of a person. Administering justice between two people is a charity; and assisting a man to mount his beast, or helping him load his luggage on it is a charity; and a good word is a charity; and every step that you take (towards a masjid
) for salat
Salah is the practice of formal prayer in Islam. Its importance for Muslims is indicated by its status as one of the Five Pillars of Sunni Islam, of the Ten Practices of the Religion of Twelver Islam and of the 7 pillars of Musta'lī Ismailis...
is a charity; and removing harmful things from the road is a charity." (From Sahih al-Bukhari
Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī , as it is commonly referred to, is one of the six canonical hadith collections of Islam. These prophetic traditions, or hadith, were collected by the Persian Muslim scholar Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari, after being transmitted orally for generations. Muslims view this as one of...
and Sahih Muslim
Sahih Muslim is one of the Six major collections of the hadith in Sunni Islam, oral traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. It is the second most authentic hadith collection after Sahih Al-Bukhari, and is highly acclaimed by Sunni Muslims...
In Sahih Muslim, it is reported on the authority of Aisha
Aisha bint Abu Bakr also transcribed as was Muhammad's favorite wife...
that Muhammad said, "Everyone of the children of Adam has been created with three hundred and sixty joints; so he who declares the Greatness of Allah (i.e,
saying "Allahu akbar
The Takbīr or Tekbir is the Arabic term for the phrase ' . It is usually translated "God is [the] Greatest," or "God is Great". It is a common Islamic Arabic expression...
"), praises Allah ("Alhamdulillah
Alhamdulillah or is an Arabic phrase meaning "Praise to God" or "All praise is due to Allah," similar to the Hebrew phrase Halelu Yah...
"), declares Allah to be one ("La ilaha ilallah
"), glorifies Allah ("Subhan'Allah
Subhan'Allāh is an Arabic phrase often translated as "Glorious is God."Said Mohammed bin AbeeBakr Abdulqader al-Razee, in his book "Mukhtar al-Sihah" one of the classic Arabic-wordbooks:...
"), and seeks forgiveness from Allah ("Astaghfirullah
Istighfar , is the act of seeking forgiveness from God . It is one of the essential parts of worship in Islam. This act is generally done by repeating the Arabic words astaghfirullah, meaning "I seek forgiveness from Allah"...
"), and removes a stone or thorn or bone from people's path, and enjoins good and forbids evil, to the number of those three hundred and sixty, will come upon the evening that day having rescued himself from jahannam
Jahannam is the Arabic language equivalent to Hell. The term comes from the Greek Gehenna, itself derived from the Hebrew geographical name for the Valley of Hinnom.-Jahannam in the Qur'an:...
Quran on Sadaqah/Saddka
- Have you seen the one who denies the Religion? Such is he who repulses the orphan, and who does not urge others to feed the poor. Woe to worshippers, who are absent-minded to their prayer, those who make a show (of piety), and refuse to render small acts of kindness (towards others).(Al-Ma'un 107:1-7)
- And spend something (in charity) out of the substance which We have bestowed on you, before Death should come to any of you and he should say, “O my Lord! Why didst Thou not give me respite for a little while? I should then have given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good.” But to no soul will Allah grant respite when the time appointed (for it) has come; and Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. (Al-Munafiqun 63:10-11)
- Saddka should be given solely out of love for God, out of the desire to do good to His creation, as the Quran says about the righteous:"They give food, out of love for Him (Allah), to the poor, the orphan, and the slave, saying: We feed you only for Allah's pleasure - we desire from you neither reward nor thanks." (Al-Insaan 76:8-9)
- Giving Saddka will not diminish a Muslim's wealth. It serves as expiation for sins and yields rewards in the next life. Allah says: "For those who give in charity, men and women, and loan to Allah a Beautiful Loan, it shall be increased manifold (to their credit), and they shall have (besides) a liberal reward."(Al-Hadeed 57:18).