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is a genus of annual hemiparasitic
A parasitic plant is one that derives some or all of its sustenance from another plant. About 4,100 species in approximately 19 families of flowering plants are known. Parasitic plants have a modified root, the haustorium, that penetrates the host plant and connects to the xylem, phloem, or...
A herbaceous plant is a plant that has leaves and stems that die down at the end of the growing season to the soil level. They have no persistent woody stem above ground...
s in the family Orobanchaceae
Orobanchaceae, the broomrape family, is a family of flowering plants of the order Lamiales, with about 90 genera and more than 2000 species. Many of these genera were formerly included in the family Scrophulariaceae sensu lato...
, formerly classified in the family Scrophulariaceae
Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family, are a family of flowering plants. The plants are annual or perennial herbs with flowers with bilateral or rarely radial symmetry. Members of the Scrophulariaceae have a cosmopolitan distribution, with the majority found in temperate areas, including...
. The genus consists of about 30-40 species found in Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...
, northern Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...
, and North America
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...
, with the greatest species diversity (28 species) in Europe.
- Rhinanthus alectorolophus - Greater Yellow Rattle
- Rhinanthus alpinus
- Rhinanthus angustifolius
Rhinanthus angustifolius or Greater Yellow-rattle is a Lamiales plant species of the genus Rhinanthus. It is a perennial wildflower native to temperate grasslands in much of Europe, and north and central Western Asia.-Distribution:...
- Narrow-leaved Rattle
- Rhinanthus antiquus
- Rhinanthus aristatus
- Rhinanthus asperulus
- Rhinanthus borbasii
- Rhinanthus borealis
- Rhinanthus burnatii
- Rhinanthus carinthiacus
- Rhinanthus dinaricus
- Rhinanthus freynii
- Rhinanthus glaber
- Rhinanthus glacialis
- Rhinanthus groenlandicus
Rhinanthus minor - Yellow Rattle