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President of Turkmenistan

President of Turkmenistan

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First Secretaries of the Turkmen Communist Party

  • Ivan Mezhlauk
    Ivan Mezhlauk
    Ivan Ivanovich Mezhlauk served as the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR as well as its first President....

     (19 November 1924 - 1926) (acting to 20 February 1925)
  • Shaymardan Ibragimov
    Shaymardan Ibragimov
    Shaymardan Nurimanovich Ibragimov served as the second General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR, serving from 1926 until 1927.He was succeeded as General Secretary by Yakov Popok.-References:...

     (June 1926 - 1927)
  • Nikolay Paskutsky
    Nikolay Paskutsky
    Nikolay Antonovich Paskutsky served briefly as the third General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR, serving from 1927 until August 1928.-References:...

     (1927-1928)
  • Grigory Aronshtam
    Grigory Aronshtam
    Grigory Naumovich Aronshtam served as the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR, serving from 11 May 1928 until August 1930...

     (11 May 1928 - August 1930)
  • Yakov Popok
    Yakov Popok
    Yakov Abramovich Popok served as the fifth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR.His term began in August 1930, replacing Grigory Aronshtam. He fell ill in early 1937, causing him to resign on 15 April...

     (August 1930 - 15 April 1937)
  • Anna Mukhamedova
    Anna Mukhamedova
    Anna Mukhamedova was the Acting General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR immediately following Yakov Popok's resignation due to ill health on 15 April 1937...

     (April - October 1937) (acting)
  • Yakov Chubin
    Yakov Chubin
    Yakov Chubin also known as Yakov Shub served as the seventh General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR....

     (October 1937 - November 1939)
  • Mikhail Fonin
    Mikhail Fonin
    Mikhail Fonin served as the eighth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR.Fonin held this position throughout the German-Soviet War, serving from February 1939 until March 1947. His replacement was Shadzha Batyrov....

     (November 1939 - March 1947)
  • Shadzha Batyrov
    Shadzha Batyrov
    Shadzha Batyrov served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR.His term lasted from March 1947 until 1950, when Balysh Ovezov succeeded him as General Secretary.-References:*...

     (March 1947 - July 1951)
  • Sukhan Babayev
    Sukhan Babayev
    Sukhan Babayev served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan from October 1951 until December 1958....

     (July 1951 - 14 December 1958)
  • Dzhuma Durdy Karayev
    Dzhuma Durdy Karayev
    Dzhuma Durdy Karayev was a Turkmen politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR.Karayev came to power on 14 December 1958, succeeding Sukhan Babayev. He served until his death on 4 May 1960. Balysh Ovezov became the next General Secretary.-References:...

     (14 December 1958 - 4 May 1960)
  • Balysh Ovezov
    Balysh Ovezov
    Balysh Ovezovich Ovezov , served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR twice....

     (13 June 1960 - 24 December 1969)
  • Muhammetnazar Gapurow (24 December 1969 - 21 December 1985)
  • Saparmurat Niyazov
    Saparmurat Niyazov
    Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov; , was a Turkmen politician who served as President of Turkmenistan from 2 November 1990 until his death in 2006...

     (21 December 1985 - 16 December 1991)

Presidents of the Republic of Turkmenistan (1991-Present)


The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.
I# A# Name Picture Took office Left office Political party
1st 1st Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy
Saparmurat Niyazov
Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov; , was a Turkmen politician who served as President of Turkmenistan from 2 November 1990 until his death in 2006...


Сапармурат Ниязов
2 November 1990 21 June 1992 Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
The Democratic Party of Turkmenistan is the only political party in Turkmenistan. The DPT was led by former Soviet provincial Party leader Saparmurat Niyazov from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s until his death in 2006...

2nd 21 June 1992 21 December 2006
During this interval, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (Гурбангулы Бердымухаммедов) was the Acting President.
1st 3rd Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Гурбангулы Бердымухаммедов
11 February 2007 Incumbent Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
The Democratic Party of Turkmenistan is the only political party in Turkmenistan. The DPT was led by former Soviet provincial Party leader Saparmurat Niyazov from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s until his death in 2006...


See also

  • Prime Minister of Turkmenistan
    Prime Minister of Turkmenistan
    -Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars:*Kaikhaziz Atabayev *Aitbay Khudaybergenov *Sukhan Babayev -Chairmen of the Council of Ministers:...

  • State Security Council of Turkmenistan
  • Republican Party of Turkmenistan
    Republican Party of Turkmenistan
    The Republican Party of Turkmenistan is one of several dissident political parties that have been outlawed within Turkmenistan. Leaders of the exile-based RPT include Nurmuhammet Hanamow who went into exile in 2002 and Annadurdy Hajyýew, whose sister Ogulsapar Myradowa died in a Turkmen prison in...


External links