As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 911 people, 325 households, and 206 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 3,406.0 people per square mile (1,302.7/km²). There were 350 housing units at an average density of 1,308.5 per square mile (500.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 32.16% White, 0.11% African American, 63.67% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.22% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 3.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.
There were 325 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the town the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $24,896, and the median income for a family was $29,688. Males had a median income of $22,250 versus $19,000 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $10,579. About 23.4% of families and 31.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 22.2% of those age 65 or over.
Poplar is the seat for the Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux
The Sioux are Native American and First Nations people in North America. The term can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or any of the nation's many language dialects...
Tribes, including the tribal law enforcement agency and courthouse. The Bureau of Indian Affairs
The Bureau of Indian Affairs is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the US Department of the Interior. It is responsible for the administration and management of of land held in trust by the United States for Native Americans in the United States, Native American...
maintains an agency office there.
Poplar Public Schools, District 9/2B, is the second largest public school system on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation with a total enrollment of 824 students for the 2006-2007 school year. Poplar Public Schools operates elementary, middle, and junior/senior high schools.
Poplar is home to the main campus of Fort Peck Community College
Fort Peck Community College is one of seven tribal community colleges in the state of Montana. The college is located on the Fort Peck Assiniboine & Sioux Reservation in the northeast corner of Montana, with its main campus in Poplar....
. A branch campus is located in Wolf Point, Montana.
U.S. Highway 2, a major east-west route across the northern tier of states, connects Poplar with other Hi-line communities in Montana and North Dakota
North Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America, along the Canadian border. The state is bordered by Canada to the north, Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south and Montana to the west. North Dakota is the 19th-largest state by area in the U.S....
. The Poplar airport provides a for light aircraft and general aviation on a single 3000 feet (914 m) runway. Amtrak serves Wolf Point, about 20 miles west.
The Indian Health Service
Indian Health Service is an Operating Division within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . IHS is responsible for providing medical and public health services to members of federally recognized Tribes and Alaska Natives...
(IHS) operates the Vern E. Gibbs Health Center through its Fort Peck Service Unit. The health center provides ambulatory, dialysis, and preventive health services. The IHS contracts with Northeast Montana Health Services (NEMHS) which operates Poplar Community Hospital, a 22-bed inpatient facility for inpatient services, as well as the Riverside Clinic, and hospital and clinic in Wolf Point, Montana. Poplar has a BLS ambulance service.