state that is located in the Northeastern
regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware
to the south, West Virginia
to the southwest, Ohio
to the west, New York
and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey
to the east. The state's four most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown
, and Erie
. The state capital is Harrisburg
Pennsylvania has 51 miles (82 km) of coastline along Lake Erie
and 57 miles (92 km) of shoreline along the Delaware
1681 Charles II grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
1682 William Penn receives the area that is now the state of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania.
1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.
1683 William Penn signs a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
1683 William Penn brings 13 German immigrant families to the colony of Pennsylvania, marking the first major immigration of German people to America.
1738 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
1754 French and Indian War: in the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1758 Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War.
1767 Mason-Dixon line, survey separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
1775 The first abolition society in North America is established. The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.