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Operation Tariq al-Qods
(meaning Operation Jerusalem Way
) was an operation in the Iran-Iraq War
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran, lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the longest conventional war of the twentieth century...
launched by Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...
to free Bostan
Bostan is a book of poetry by the Persian poet Saadi, completed in 1257.It was Saadi's first work, and its title means "the fruit orchard". The book contains the fruits of Saadi's long experience and his judgements upon life, and is illustrated by a vast collection of anecdotes. It includes...
The Operation was launched on 29 November 1981 and lasted more than a week. The Iranians used human wave attack
Human wave attack, also known as human sea attack, is an offensive infantry tactic, in which an attacker conducts an unprotected frontal assault with densely concentrated infantry formations against the enemy line, intended to overrun the defenders by engaging in melee combat.-Definition:According...
s in their offensive for the first time in the war. Fierce fighting raged with the Iraqi defenders for one week with heavy losses on both sides. The Iranians were able to successfully liberate Bostan. During the operation both Iran and Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....
suffered heavy casualties. Iran was now able to eliminate an important supply route. This was extremely critical because Iraq did not have enough soldiers for a long frontline. 2,500 Iraqis and 6,000 Iranians had been killed in the fighting.