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News Chronicle

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The News Chronicle was a British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 daily newspaper
Newspaper
A newspaper is a scheduled publication containing news of current events, informative articles, diverse features and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint. By 2007, there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a...

. It ceased publication on 17 October 1960, being absorbed into the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom's second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982...

. Its offices were in Bouverie Street
Bouverie Street
Bouverie Street is a street in the City of London, off Fleet Street. It was the site of the Whitefriars Priory. The offices of the News Chronicle, a British daily newspaper, were based there until it ceased publication on 17 October 1960 after being absorbed into the Daily Mail.The News of the...

, off Fleet Street
Fleet Street
Fleet Street is a street in central London, United Kingdom, named after the River Fleet, a stream that now flows underground. It was the home of the British press until the 1980s...

, London, EC4Y 8DP, England.

Daily Chronicle


The Daily Chronicle
Daily Chronicle
The Daily Chronicle was a British newspaper that was published from 1872 to 1930 when it merged with the Daily News to become the News Chronicle.-History:...

 was founded in 1872. Purchased by Edward Lloyd
Edward Lloyd (publisher)
Edward Lloyd was a British publisher.Born in Thornton Heath, Lloyd studied shorthand at the London Mechanics' Institution, then wrote a book on stenography. Before he was eighteen, he had opened shops in London to sell cheap books and valentines.From 1835, he began publishing cheap books, many...

 for £30,000 in 1876, it achieved a high reputation under the editorship of Henry Massingham and Robert Donald, who took charge in 1904. Owned by the Cadbury family
Cadbury family
The Cadbury family is a prominent British family of industrialists descending from Richard Tapper Cadbury.* Richard Tapper Cadbury , who financed John** John Cadbury , family patriarch and founder of the chocolate company...

, with Laurence Cadbury as chairman, the News Chronicle was formed by the merger of the Daily News
Daily News (UK)
The Daily News was a national daily newspaper in the United Kingdom.The News was founded in 1846 by Charles Dickens, who also served as the newspaper's first editor. It was conceived as a radical rival to the right-wing Morning Chronicle. The paper was not at first a commercial success...

 and the Daily Chronicle on 2 June 1930. with Walter Layton
Walter Layton, 1st Baron Layton
Walter Thomas Layton, 1st Baron Layton, CH, CBE , was a British economist, editor and newspaper proprietor.-Background & education:Layton was the son of Alfred John Layton of Woking, Surrey, and Mary Johnson...

 appointed as editorial director.

Politics


With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
The Spanish Civil WarAlso known as The Crusade among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War among Carlists, and The Rebellion or Uprising among Republicans. was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939...

, the paper took an anti-Franco stance and sent two correspondents, Arthur Koestler
Arthur Koestler
Arthur Koestler CBE was a Hungarian author and journalist. Koestler was born in Budapest and, apart from his early school years, was educated in Austria...

 (to Málaga) and, later, Geoffrey Cox
Geoffrey Cox (journalist)
Sir Geoffrey Sandford Cox, CNZM, CBE was a New Zealand-born newspaper and television journalist. He was a former editor and chief executive of ITN and a founder of News at Ten....

 (to Madrid) in 1936. In 1956, the News Chronicle opposed the UK
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

's military support of Israel in invading the Suez
Suez Crisis
The Suez Crisis, also referred to as the Tripartite Aggression, Suez War was an offensive war fought by France, the United Kingdom, and Israel against Egypt beginning on 29 October 1956. Less than a day after Israel invaded Egypt, Britain and France issued a joint ultimatum to Egypt and Israel,...

 canal zone, a decision which cost it circulation. According to Geoffrey Goodman
Geoffrey Goodman
Geoffrey Goodman CBE is a British journalist, broadcaster and writer.An RAF pilot during his war service , Goodman studied at the London School of Economics under Harold Laski...

, a journalist on the newspaper at the time, it was "one of British journalism's prime casualties of the Suez crisis".

Death


In 17 October 1960, the News Chronicle "finally folded, inappropriately, into the grip" of the right-wing Daily Mail
Daily Mail
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom's second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982...

 despite having a circulation of over a million. The News Chronicles editorial position was considered at the time to be in broad support of the British Liberal Party
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

, which was in marked contrast to that of the right-wing Daily Mail. As a result the News Chronicle ceased publication and the title was absorbed by the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom's second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982...

.

As part of the same takeover, the London evening paper The Star
The Star (London)
The Star was a London evening newspaper founded in 1788.The first edition was printed on 3 May 1788 under the editorship of Peter Stuart. Founding sponsors of the new paper included publisher John Murray and William Lane of the Minerva Press...

 was incorporated into the Evening News
Evening News (London)
Evening News, formerly known as The Evening News, was an evening newspaper published in London from 1881 to 1980, reappearing briefly in 1987. It became highly popular under the control of the Harmsworth brothers. For a long time it maintained the largest daily sale of any evening newspaper in London...

.

Notable contributors


Notable contributors to the News Chronicle and its predecessors included:
  • Vernon Bartlett
    Vernon Bartlett
    Charles Vernon Oldfield Bartlett CBE was an English journalist, politician and author who served as a Member of Parliament from 1938 to 1950.-Life:...

     – diplomatic correspondent
  • James Cameron
    James Cameron (journalist)
    Mark James Walter Cameron was a prominent British journalist, in whose memory the annual James Cameron Memorial Lecture is given.-Early life:...

     – war correspondent
  • G. K. Chesterton
    G. K. Chesterton
    Gilbert Keith Chesterton, KC*SG was an English writer. His prolific and diverse output included philosophy, ontology, poetry, plays, journalism, public lectures and debates, literary and art criticism, biography, Christian apologetics, and fiction, including fantasy and detective fiction....

     – weekly opinion column in the Daily News
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – war correspondent for the Daily Chronicle during World War I
    World War I
    World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

  • Geoffrey Cox
    Geoffrey Cox (journalist)
    Sir Geoffrey Sandford Cox, CNZM, CBE was a New Zealand-born newspaper and television journalist. He was a former editor and chief executive of ITN and a founder of News at Ten....

     – war correspondent for the Spanish Civil War
    Spanish Civil War
    The Spanish Civil WarAlso known as The Crusade among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War among Carlists, and The Rebellion or Uprising among Republicans. was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939...

     (in Madrid), former editor and chief executive of ITN began his career with the News Chronicle in 1932
  • E. S. Dallas – Paris correspondent
  • Philip Jordan – war correspondent, World War II
  • Thomas Kettle
    Thomas Kettle
    Thomas Michael "Tom" Kettle was an Irish journalist, barrister, writer, poet, soldier, economist and Home Rule politician. As a member of the Irish Parliamentary Party, he was Member of Parliament for East Tyrone from 1906 to 1910 at Westminster...

     – war correspondent for the Daily News during the early part of World War I
    World War I
    World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

  • Arthur Koestler
    Arthur Koestler
    Arthur Koestler CBE was a Hungarian author and journalist. Koestler was born in Budapest and, apart from his early school years, was educated in Austria...

     – writer and war correspondent for the Spanish Civil War
    Spanish Civil War
    The Spanish Civil WarAlso known as The Crusade among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War among Carlists, and The Rebellion or Uprising among Republicans. was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939...

  • Ritchie Calder - Science Editor, who broke the story of the discovery of DNA structure in 1953.
  • H. G. Wells
    H. G. Wells
    Herbert George Wells was an English author, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing text books and rules for war games...

     – contributor to the Daily News
  • C. W. A. Scott - Aviation editor
  • Norman Clark - War Correspondent, Foreign Editor

Editors

1930: Tom Clarke
1933: Aylmer Vallance
Aylmer Vallance
Gerald Aylmer Vallance , born George Alexander Gerald Vallance, was a Scottish newspaper editor.Born in Partick, Vallance studied at Fettes College in Edinburgh and Balliol College, Oxford, before serving with the Somerset Light Infantry and the General Staff of the 2nd Indian Division during World...

1936: Gerald Barry
1948: Robin Cruikshank
1954: Michael Curtis
Michael Curtis (journalist)
Michael Curtis was a British newspaper editor and executive.Curtis was born in Cambridge and studied at St Lawrence College, Ramsgate and Sidney Sussex College at the University of Cambridge. During World War II, he fought with the Duke of Wellington's Regiment...

1957: Norman Cursley

External links