List of earthquakes in China

List of earthquakes in China

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This is a list of earthquakes in China:
Date Event Epicenter Magnitude Deaths Description
1290 Chihli earthquake
1290 Chihli earthquake
The 1290 Chihli earthquake occurred on 27 September with an epicenter near Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia. The earthquake had an estimated magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum felt intensity of IX on the mercalli intensity scale. It is estimated that about 100,000 people were killed.-Damage:The earthquake...

 
41.5°N 119.3°W Ningcheng County
Ningcheng County
Ningcheng County is a county of southeastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China, bordering Liaoning province to the east. It is under the administration of Chifeng City.-References:*...

 
6.8 Ms ~100,000
1303 Shanxi earthquake  No data
Shanxi, China
8.0 ML 200,000+ Taiyuan and Pingyang were leveled to the ground.
1556 Shaanxi earthquake  34.50°N 109.30°E
Shaanxi, China
8.0 MW 820,000+ Deadliest earthquake of all time.
1786 Kangding-Luding earthquake  No data
Sichuan, China
7.75 ML 100,000+ The earthquake triggered a landslide that formed an artificial mud dam which blocked the Dadu River. Ten days later, this dam was breached resulting in a catastrophic mudslide flooding estimated to have taken the lives of over 100,000 people.
1920 Haiyuan earthquake
1920 Haiyuan earthquake
1920 Haiyuan earthquake , was an earthquake that occurred on December 16, 1920. The epicenter was , in Haiyuan County, Ningxia Province, Republic of China...

 
36.50°N 105.70°E
Ningxia, China
7.8 ML 234,117 4th deadliest earthquake of all time.
1927 Gulang earthquake
1927 Gulang earthquake
The 1927 Gulang earthquake occurred at 6:32 a.m. on 22 May . This 7.6 magnitude event had an epicenter near Gulang, Gansu in China. There were more than 40,900 casualties. It was felt up to 700 km away.-Geology:...

 
37.39°N 102.31°E 7.6 Mw 40,900
1931 China earthquake  No data No data
1932 Changma earthquake
1932 Changma earthquake
The 1932 Changma earthquake occurred at 10:04:27 local time on 25 December. With an estimated magnitude of 7.6 on the surface wave magnitude scale, and a maximum felt intensity of X on the Mercalli intensity scale, the quake destroyed 1,167 houses, and 275 people were killed with a further 320...

 
39.7°N 96.7°E 7.6 Ms 275
1933 Diexi earthquake
1933 Diexi earthquake
The 1933 Diexi earthquake occurred in Diexi, Mao County, Sichuan, Republic of China on August 25, 1933.This earthquake destroyed the town of Diexi and surrounding villages, and caused many landslides, and killed about 9,000 people. The old town of Diexi sank into the landslide dam-created Diexi Lake....

 
32.0°N 103.7°E
Sichuan, China
7.5 MS 9,000
1950 Chayu earthquake  No data No data
1955 Kangding earthquake  No data No data
1966 Xingtai earthquake
1966 Xingtai Earthquake
The Xingtai Earthquake was a sequence of major earthquakes that took place between March 8 and March 29, 1966 in the area administered by the prefecture-level city of Xingtai in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China....

 
37°04′N 114°29′E Xingtai
Xingtai
Xingtai is a city in southern Hebei province, North China. The prefecture-level city of Xingtai, with a total area of , administers 2 districts, 2 county-level cities and 15 counties. In 2004 it had an urban population of 561,400 and a total population of 6.73 million...

 
7.2 8,064
1970 Tonghai earthquake
1970 Tonghai earthquake
The 1970 Tonghai earthquake occurred on 4 January 1970 in Tonghai, China. The rupture originated on the local Yunnan Province’s Red River fault, which had not experienced an earthquake above magnitude 7 since 1700. The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.7 and killed at least 15,000 people, making it...

 
No data
Yunnan, China
7.3 MS 15,621
1973 Luhuo earthquake No data No data
1974 Zhaotong earthquake  28.2°N 104.0°E
Yunnan, China
6.8 20,000
1975 Haicheng earthquake
1975 Haicheng earthquake
The 1975 Haicheng earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter Scale occurred at 19:36 CST on February 4, 1975 in Haicheng, Liaoning, China, a city that at the time had approximately 1 million residents....

 
No data
Liaoning, China
7.3 MS 1,328 Many lives were saved as a result of evacuations ordered by seismologists in China who predicted the quake the day before.
1976 Tangshan earthquake
1976 Tangshan earthquake
The Tangshan Earthquake also known as the Great Tangshan Earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on July 28, 1976. It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. The epicenter of the earthquake was near Tangshan in Hebei, People's Republic of China, an...

 
No data
Hebei, China
7.5 MW 242,419 3rd deadliest earthquake of all time.
1976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquake
1976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquake
The 1976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquake, magnitude 7.2, struck Songpan and Pingwu in Sichuan, China on August 16, 1976. A M 6.7 and a M 7.2 aftershock earthquakes hit the same area on August 22 and 23. The earthquake struck with estimated population exposures of 1,500 at intensity IX or greater and...

 
No data
Sichuan, China
7.2 MS 41
1980 Xinjiang earthquake  No data
Yecheng, Xinjiang, China
6.0 M_B No data
January 23, 1981 1981 Dawu earthquake
1981 Dawu earthquake
On 24 January 1981 at 5:13 a.m. China Standard Time , Sichuan, China, was struck by a large earthquake known as the 1981 Dawu earthquake. Registering a Richter scale magnitude of 6.8, the earthquake killed about 150 and injured roughly 300 more...

 
30.93°N 101.10°E 6.8 ML 150+
1996 Lijiang earthquake
1996 Lijiang earthquake
The 1996 Lijiang earthquake, which occurred at 7:14 PM on 3 February 1996 near Lijiang City, Yunnan in southwestern China, measured 7.0 on the Richter scale.200 people died in the earthquake and 14,000 were injured, 3,800 of them seriously...

 
No data
Yunnan, China
7.0 MS 200
2001 Kunlun earthquake
2001 Kunlun earthquake
The 2001 Kunlun earthquake also known as the 2001 Kokoxili earthquake, occurred on 14 November 2001 at 09:26 UTC , with an epicenter near Kokoxili, close to the border between Qinghai and Xinjiang in a remote mountainous region. With a magnitude of 7.8 Mw it was the most powerful earthquake in...

 
36.12°N 90.54°E
Qinghai, China
7.8 MW None
2003 Bachu Earthquake
2003 Bachu Earthquake
The 2003 Bachu earthquake occurred on 24 February, 2003, in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region in northwest China. The epicentre was located near to the town of Bachu, approximately 105 km east of Kashgar and 310 km west of Aksu. At least 261 people died as a result of the earthquake, and...

 
39.61°N 77.24°E
Xinjiang, China
6.3 MW 261
2005 Ruichang earthquake
2005 Ruichang earthquake
The 2005 Ruichang earthquake was a moderate earthquake epicentered at 29.657°N, 115.717°E in Ruichang, Jiangxi, China, with its main tremor occurring at 8:49 am local time on Saturday 26 November 2005, and aftershocks later being reported...

 
29.657°N 115.717°E
Jiangxi, China
5.2 to 5.7 MS 14
2006 Yanjin earthquake  27.992°N 104.215°E
Yunnan, China
5.2 MW 19 Damaged local railroad tracks including Neijiang-Kunming line.
2008 Sichuan earthquake
2008 Sichuan earthquake
The 2008 Sichuan earthquake or the Great Sichuan Earthquake was a deadly earthquake that measured at 8.0 Msand 7.9 Mw occurred at 14:28:01 CST...

 
31.021°N 103.367°E
Sichuan, China
7.9 MW 68,712 The deadliest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake 32 years ago and the strongest in 58 years since the 1950 Chayu earthquake. The earthquake lasted three minutes and was felt as far away as Beijing and Shanghai some 1,500 and 1,700 km away where people were evacuated from office buildings as a precaution. Mianyang
Mianyang
Mianyang is the second largest prefecture-level city of Sichuan province in Southwest China. Its administrative area includes the city proper of Mianyang, with 985,586 inhabitants in the built up area , the county-level city of Jiangyou, and six counties, covering an area of over and a population...

, Ngawa
Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture
The Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in Sichuan, whose capital is Barkam town . It has an area of 83,201 km²....

, Deyang
Deyang
Deyang is a prefecture-level city in Sichuan province, China. Deyang is a wealthy, mostly industrial city, with the Erzhong Heavy Machinery Company Deyang is a prefecture-level city in Sichuan province, China. Deyang is a wealthy, mostly industrial city, with the Erzhong Heavy Machinery Company...

, Guangyuan
Guangyuan
Guangyuan is a prefecture-level city in Sichuan Province, China. It has an area of 16313.78 square kilometers and a population of 2,484,123 in 2010...

, and Chengdu
Chengdu
Chengdu , formerly transliterated Chengtu, is the capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China. It holds sub-provincial administrative status...

 suffered the most loss of lives. Most of the buildings that collapsed were in rural areas and did not adhere to building code
Building code
A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. The main purpose of building codes are to protect public health, safety and general welfare as they relate to the...

s. At least 4.8 million people were rendered homeless.

President Hu Jintao declared a national state of emergency 90 minutes after the quake. All highways into Wenchuan were damaged by the quake, delaying the arrival of relief troops. Half of the wireless communications were lost in the entire Sichuan Province. The earthquake occurred three months prior to the opening of the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from August 8 to August 24, 2008. A total of 11,028 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees competed in 28 sports and 302 events...

 hosted in China for the first time. None of the Olympic venues were damaged but the torch relay route was changed and a minute's silence was observed. The Chinese government announced RMB 1 trillion ($146.5 billion USD) to be spent on rebuilding the area over a period of three years.
2008 Panzhihua earthquake
2008 Panzhihua earthquake
The 2008 Panzhihua earthquake was a 6.1 Ms earthquake that struck southern Sichuan province, China on August 30, 2008 at 16:30:50.5 CST . It was not an aftershock of the Wenchuan earthquake that occurred in May of the same year...

 
26.2°N 101.9°E
Sichuan, China
5.7 MW 41
August 19 to September 3, 2008 2008 Yingjiang earthquakes
2008 Yingjiang earthquakes
The 2008 Yingjiang Earthquakes were a series of major earthquakes ranging from surface wave magnitude 4.1 to 5.9 that struck Yingjiang County, Yunnan province, China between August 19 and September 3, 2008. It caused 5 deaths, 21 serious injuries, and RMB 2.7 billion in direct economic damage...

 
24.9°N 97.8°E
Yunnan, China
4.1 to 5.9 MS 5
2009 Xinjiang earthquake
2009 Xinjiang earthquake
The 2009 Xinjiang earthquake is an earthquake that occurred in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It occurred at 9:47 a.m in Qapqal on January 25, 2009.-Location:...

 
43.3°N 80.9°E
Xinjiang, China
5.0 MW None
2010 Yushu earthquake
2010 Yushu earthquake
The 2010 Yushu earthquake struck on April 14, 2010, and registered a magnitude of 6.9Mw or 7.1Ms . It originated in Yushu, Qinghai, China, at local time. According to the Xinhua News Agency, 2,698 people have been confirmed dead, 270 missing, and 12,135 injured of which 1,434 are severely injured...

 
33.3°N 96.7°E
Qinghai province, China
6.9 MW 2,698
2011 Yunnan earthquake
2011 Yunnan earthquake
The 2011 Yunnan earthquake was a 5.4 magnitude earthquake that occurred on 10 March 2011 at 12:58 CST, with its epicenter in Yingjiang County, Yunnan, People's Republic of China, near the Burmese border. A total of 26 people died and 313 were injured with 133 in serious condition...

24.710°N 97.994°E
Yingjiang County, Yunnan, China
5.4 MW 25+