Home      Discussion      Topics      Dictionary      Almanac
Signup       Login
List of countries' copyright length

List of countries' copyright length

Discussion
Ask a question about 'List of countries' copyright length'
Start a new discussion about 'List of countries' copyright length'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
This is a list of different countries and the length of their standard copyright
Copyright
Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time...

in years. See copyright term
Copyright term
Copyright term is the length of time copyright subsists in a work before it passes into the public domain.- Length of copyright:Copyright subsists for a variety of lengths in different jurisdictions. The length of the term can depend on several factors, including the type of work Copyright term is...

.

Although they are not countries, the list also includes entries for the European Union
European Union
The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community , formed by six countries in 1958...

, Berne Convention
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland in 1886.- Content :...

, and the Universal Copyright Convention
Universal Copyright Convention
The Universal Copyright Convention , adopted at Geneva in 1952, is one of the two principal international conventions protecting copyright; the other is the Berne Convention....

, which set minimum terms for their member nations or signatories. The Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), though not included, requires a copyright length of at least 50 years after death.

Legend

  • ibid. = ibidem, "in the same place"
  • 0, no copyright = not copyrighted
  • Life + xx years = copyrighted for authors' lifetime plus xx years after their deaths
  • xx years after publication, creation, etc. = copyrighted for xx years since publication, creation, etc., of works
  • Until year end = copyrighted until the end of a calendar year, i.e. December 31
  • Berne = has signed the Berne Convention, see Berne in the "Countries, ..." column

Table

Countries, areas, and entities Copyright terms based on authors' deaths Copyright terms based on publication and creation dates Until year end?
  Afghanistan
Afghanistan and copyright issues
- International agreements :In 1958, Afghanistan ratified the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials, with Annexes A to E and Protocol annexed...

No copyright, but a law is under process Underprocess, trademarks are active
 Albania Life + 70 years 70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work)

70 years from publication; 70 years from creation if unpublished (photographic or audiovisual work of joint authorship)

25 years from production (works of applied art)
Yes
 Algeria Life + 50 years (except posthumous work) 50 years from publication; 50 years from creation if unpublished (collective work, anonymous or pseudonymous work, audiovisual work, posthumous work)

50 years from creation (photographs or the work of applied art)
Yes
 Andorra Life + 70 years 70 years from publication; 70 years from creation if unpublished (collective work with unknown authorship)

70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work)
Yes
 Angola Life + 50 years

Life + 25 years (photographic works or applied arts)
Yes
 Anguilla Life + 50 years 50 years from the death of the author, of the last surviving author for works with more than one author.
 Antigua and Barbuda Life + 50 years 50 years from publication; 50 years from creation if unpublished (anonymous or pseudonymous work, computer generated work, sound recording or film)

50 years from creation (broadcast); 50 years after programme included in a cable programme service

25 years from publication (typographical arrangement of a published edition)
Yes
  Argentina Life + 70 years 50 years from publication (anonymous intellectual works belonging to institutions, corporations or legal persons) Yes
 Armenia Life + 70 years 70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous works) Yes
 Aruba Life + 50 years
  Australia
Australian copyright law
The copyright law of Australia defines the legally enforceable rights of creators of creative and artistic works under Australian law. The scope of copyright in Australia is defined in the Australian Copyright Act 1968 , which applies the national law throughout Australia...

 (including external territories)
Life + 70 years

[Life + 50 years (death before 1955)]
70 years from publication (sound recordings, cinematograph films)

50 years after making (television broadcasts and sound broadcasts)

[50 years from publication (photographs, no longer applicable since 1 January 2005)]
Yes
 Austria Life + 70 years 70 years from publication; 70 years from creation if unpublished (anonymous or pseudonymous work) Yes
  Azerbaijan Life + 50 years (except posthumous work published at first time during 30 years) 50 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work; posthumous work published at first time during 30 years) Yes
 The Bahamas Berne
 Bahrain Life + 50 calendar years (except posthumous work) 50 calendar years from publication (cinematographic films, applied arts works and photographs; anonymous or pseudonymous works; corporate works; posthumous works)

40 years from publication or 50 years from completion, whichever is earlier (computer software)
 Bangladesh Life + 50 years
 Barbados Life + 50 years 50 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous works)

50 years from making (computer-generated work)

50 years from publication; 50 years from creation if unpublished (sound recordings and films)

50 years from creation (broadcast); 50 years after programme included in a cable programme service

25 years from publication (typographical arrangement of a published edition)
Yes
 Belarus Life + 50 years 50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (anonymous or pseudonymous works)

50 years from fixation (performance)

50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from fixation (phonogram)

50 years from the first broadcast or cable transmission
Yes
 Belgium Life + 70 years
 Belize Life + 50 years
 Benin Life + 50 years
 Bermuda Life + 50 years
Berne Convention
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland in 1886.- Content :...

 signatories
Life + 50 years

Signatories may grant longer terms.
50 years from publication or if not shown 50 years from creation (cinematographic works)

50 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous works)

25 years from creation (photographic works)

Signatories may grant longer terms.
Yes
 Bhutan Life + 50 years
 Bolivia Life + 50 years
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Life + 70 years
 Botswana Berne, TRIPS, WCT
 Brazil Life + 70 years
 British Indian Ocean Territory unknown
 British Virgin Islands unknown
 Brunei Life + 50 years
 Kingdom of Bulgaria Life + 70 years (EU)
 Burkina Faso Life + 70 years
 Burundi Life + 50 years 50 years from publication (phonograms)
 Cambodia Life + 50 years
 Cameroon Life + 50 years
  Canada
Canadian copyright law
The copyright law of Canada governs the legally enforceable rights to creative and artistic works under the laws of Canada. Canada passed its first colonial copyright statute in 1832 but was subject to imperial copyright law established by Britain until 1921...

Life + 50 yearss. 7, S.C. 1997, c. 24 For anonymous works, 50 years from publication or 75 years from creation, whichever is shorter. Yes
 Cape Verde Life + 50 years
 Cayman Islands unknown
 Central African Republic Berne, TRIPS
 Chad Berne, TRIPS
  Chile
Chilean copyright law
The copyright law of Chile is governed by Law No. 17,336, on Intellectual Property of October 2 of 1970 and subsequent amendments. It was implemented in the Decree No...

Life + 70 years
  China, People's Republic of (Mainland only) Life + 50 years (citizens' works) 50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (works of legal entities, cinematographic works, films or photographic works) Yes
 Colombia Life + 80 years 80 years from publication (cinematographic works) Yes
 Comoros Berne
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Berne, TRIPS
 Republic of the Congo Berne, TRIPS
 Costa Rica Life + 70 years
 Côte d'Ivoire Life + 99 years (except posthumous works published within this period) 99 years from publication (photographic or audiovisual works or works of applied art; anonymous or pseudonymous works; posthumous works) Yes
 Independent State of Croatia Life + 70 years
 Cuba Life + 50 years
 Cyprus Life + 50 years
(EU, WCT)
 Czech Republic Life + 70 years 70 years from publication (anonymous works) Yes
 Denmark Life + 70 years
 Djibouti Life + 25 years (Berne, TRIPS) 25 years from publication or if unpublished 25 years from completion (film)

25 years from completion (a photographic work or a work of applied art)
Yes
 Dominica Life + 70 years
 Dominican Republic Life + 50 years
 Ecuador Life + 70 years
  Egypt
Egyptian copyright law
Egyptian copyright law has evolved over time. The currently applicable legislation in Egypt with regard to copyright is Book Three of the Law on the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights 82 of 2002, which entered into force on 3 June 2002, the day following its publication in the Official...

Life + 50 years
 El Salvador Life + 50 years
 Equatorial Guinea Berne
 Eritrea unknown
 Estonia Life + 70 years (EU) 70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous works) Yes
 Ethiopia Life + 50 years
 European Union Members Life + 70 years 70 years from publication or if unpublished 70 years from creation (anonymous works) Yes
 Fiji Life + 50 years
 Finland Life + 70 years 50 years from publication (sound recordings, television broadcasts and sound broadcasts)
50 years from creation (photographic works)
Yes
  France
French copyright law
The droit d'auteur developed in the 18th century at the same time as copyright developed in the United Kingdom. Based on the "right of the author" instead of on "copyright", its philosophy and terminology are different from those used in copyright law in common law jurisdictions...

Life + 70 years (except posthumous works published after this term)

The following additions to copyright term formerly applied to all works, but the French Cour de Cassation
Court of Cassation (France)
The French Supreme Court of Judicature is France's court of last resort having jurisdiction over all matters triable in the judicial stream but only scope of review to determine a miscarriage of justice or certify a question of law based solely on points of law...

 has found them to be superseded by later copyright treaties, thus limiting the copyright term to life + 70 years total, at least for non-musical works of authors who did not "die for France".


+ 6 years 152 days for musical work published through 1920

+ 8 years and 120 days for musical work published through 1947

+ 30 years for all works if the author died on active service
Mort pour la France
Mort pour la France is a term used in the French legal system for people who died during a conflict, usually in service of the country.- Definition :...

70 years from publication (pseudonymous, anonymous or collective works)

25 years from publication (posthumous works published after Art. L123-1 term)
Yes
 Gabon Berne, TRIPS, WCT
 The Gambia Life + 50 years
 Georgia (country) Life + 70 years
  Germany
German copyright law
German authors' right or Deutsches Urheberrecht is codified in the Gesetz über Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte ....

Life + 70 years 25 years from first publication or first public performance if copyright has expired before such publication or performance, or if the work has never been protected in Germany and the author died more than 70 years before the first publication Yes
 Ghana Life + 70 years
  Greece Life + 70 years 70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous works) Yes
 Grenada Berne, TRIPS
 Guatemala Life + 75 years 75 years from publication or if unpublished 75 years from creation (computer programs and collective works; anonymous or pseudonymous works; audiovisual works) Yes
 Guinea TRIPS, WCT
 Guinea-Bissau Berne, TRIPS
 Guyana Life + 50 years
 Haiti Berne, TRIPS
 Honduras Life + 75 years 70 years from publication or, if unpublished within 50 years, 70 years from creation (works of applied art and photographs) Yes
  Hong Kong
Hong Kong copyright law
Copyright law in Hong Kong to a great extent follows the English model. The Basic Law of Hong Kong, its constitutional document, guarantees a high degree of autonomy and continuation of laws previously in force after its reunification with Mainland China. Hong Kong therefore continues to maintain...

Life + 50 years (literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works with known authorship)

Life + 50 years (films)
50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works with unknown authorship)

50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (sound recordings)

50 years from creation (broadcast); 50 years after programme included in a cable programme service

25 years from publication (typographical arrangement of published editions)
Yes
 Hungary Life + 70 years
 Iceland Life + 70 years
  India
Indian copyright law
Indian copyright law is governed by the Indian Copyright Act, 1957. Copyright Law in the country was governed by the Copyright Act of 1914,which was essentially the extension of the British Copyright Act, 1911 to India,and borrowed extensively from the new Copyright Act of the United Kingdom of 1956...

Life + 60 years (except posthumous works) 60 years from publication (posthumous works, photographs, cinematograph films, sound recordings, works of public undertakings, and works of international organisations) Yes
 Indonesia Life + 50 years
 Iran Life + 50 years 30 years from publication (photographic or cinematographic works)
 Iraq Life + 50 years
  Ireland
Irish copyright law
Copyright law of the Republic of Ireland is applicable to most typical copyright situations and includes a provision for "fair dealing", similar to that used by other countries.-History:...

Life + 70 years
 Israel Life + 70 years 50 years from publication (photographs created till May 2007) Yes
 Italy Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work)

20 years from publication (copyright of State, the provinces, the communes, the academies or public cultural organizations, or to private legal entities of a non-profit making character)
Yes
 Jamaica Life + 50 years
  Japan Life + 50 years 70 years from publication or if unpublished 70 years from creation (cinematographic works)

50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (works of a legal person or other corporate body)
Yes
  Jordan
Jordanian copyright law
The Jordanian Copyright Law and its Amendment No. for the year 1992 is based on the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and does not contain a definition of copyright; however in Article it clearly states that the law offers legal protection to any kind of original...

Life + 50 years
 Kazakhstan Life + 50 years
 Kenya Life + 50 years (literary, musical or artistic work other than photographs) 50 years from the latest of creation or publication (audio-visual works and photographs) Yes
 Kiribati Life + 50 years
Life + 50 years (Berne) Works authored by "an institution, enterprise or organization", 50 years from publication
Life + 50 years 50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (organizational works) Yes
 Kuwait TRIPS
 Kyrgyzstan Life + 50 years
 Laos 0, no copyright. 0, no copyright.
 Latvia Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work) Yes
 Lebanon Life + 50 years
 Lesotho Life + 50 years
 Libya Life + 25 years with 50-year minimum (as of 1968; may have changed since)
 Liechtenstein Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
 Lithuania Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
 Luxembourg Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
 Macau(b) Life + 50 years 50 years from publication (anonymous works)

50 years from publication (audiovisual works)

25 years from completion (works of applied art and photographic works)
Yes
 Republic of Macedonia Life + 70 years
 Madagascar Life + 70 years
 Malawi Life + 50 years
  Malaysia
Copyright law of Malaysia
-External links:***...

Life + 50 years
 Maldives Life + 50 years from death.
 Mali Life + 50 years
 Malta Life + 70 years
 Marshall Islands 0, no copyright. Copyright legislation is not known to exist. 0, no copyright.
 Mauritania Berne, TRIPS
 Mauritius Life + 50 years
 Mexico Life +100 years (effective 23 July 2003 non-retroactively)

[Life + 75 years (before the law change on 23 July 2003, applicable for deaths before 23 July 1928)]

[Life + 50 years (before the law change on 1 January 1994, applicable for deaths before 1 January 1944)]
Micronesia
Micronesia
Micronesia is a subregion of Oceania, comprising thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. It is distinct from Melanesia to the south, and Polynesia to the east. The Philippines lie to the west, and Indonesia to the southwest....

Life + 50 years
 Moldova Life + 50 years
 Monaco WCT
 Mongolia Life + 50 years
 Kingdom of Montenegro Life + 70 years
 Morocco Life + 50 years
 Mozambique Life + 70 years
 Myanmar TRIPS
 Namibia Life + 50 years (except posthumous works) 50 years from publication (posthumous works)

50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (cinematograph films, photographs and computer programs)
Yes
 Nauru unknown
 Nepal Life + 50 years 25 years from creation (applied art and photographic work)
  Netherlands
Dutch copyright law
Dutch copyright law grants exclusive rights to the author of a work of literature, science or art. It was originally intended to cover books, but today it applies to many other materials including films, recorded music and visual art....

Life + 70 years 70 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work, corporate works with no listed natural author)
  New Zealand
Copyright law of New Zealand
The copyright law of New Zealand is covered by the Copyright Act 1994 and subsequent amendments. It is administered by Intellectual Property Policy Unit of the Ministry of Economic Development ....

Life + 50 years (literary, dramatic, musical, or artistic work) 50 years from creation (computer-generated work) Yes
 Nicaragua Life + 70 years
 Niger Life + 50 years
 Nigeria Life + 70 years (literary, musical or artistic works other than photographs) 70 years from publication (literary, musical or non-photograph artistic works in the case of government or a body corporate)

50 years from publication (cinematograph films and photographs)

50 years from creation (sound recordings)

50 years from publication (broadcasts)
Yes
 Norway Life + 70 years Yes
 Oman Life + 50 years
  Pakistan Life + 50 years
 Palau Life + 50 years
 Panama Life + 50 years
 Papua New Guinea Life + 50 years
 Paraguay Life + 70 years
 Peru Life + 70 years
  Philippines
Philippine copyright law
Philippine copyright law is enshrined in the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines, officially known as Republic Act No. 8293. The law is partly based on United States copyright law and the principles of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works...

Life + 50 years 50 years from publication (photographic works) Yes
  Poland Life + 70 years
 Portugal Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
 Qatar Life + 50 years
 Kingdom of Romania Life + 70 years
 Russia Life + 70 years

Rehabilitation + 70 years (for repressed and rehabilitated)

Life + 74 years (for those taking part or working during the war of 1941–1945)

Life + 50 years (death before 1943)
 Rwanda Berne, TRIPS
Life + 50 years
Life + 50 years
Life + 75 years (literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work) 75 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (sound recording or film)

50 years from creation (computer-generated work)

50 years from creation (broadcast); 50 years after programme included in a cable programme service
Yes
 Samoa Life + 75 years
 San Marino unknown
 São Tomé and Príncipe unknown
 Saudi Arabia Life + 50 years
 Senegal Berne, TRIPS
  Serbia
Serbian copyright law
Serbian copyright law is officially published as the copyright law of Serbia and Montenegro on 24 December 2004, and it remains in force after the country's split under Declaration of continuation by Republic of Serbia September 19, 2006...

Life + 70 years
 Seychelles Life + 25 years 25 years from publication (photograph, film, or broadcast)

25 years from creation (sound recording)
Yes
 Singapore Life + 70 years (except posthumous work) 70 years from publication (posthumous work, photograph)

70 years from publication (sound recordings and cinematograph films)

50 years after making (television broadcasts, sound broadcasts, cable programmes)

25 years from publication (published editions of works)
Yes
 Slovakia Life + 70 years
 Slovenia Life + 70 years
 Solomon Islands Life + 50 years
 Somalia unknown
  South Africa
South African copyright law
The copyright law of South Africa governs copyright, the right to control the use and distribution of artistic and creative works, in the Republic of South Africa...

Life + 50 years (literary or musical works or artistic works, other than photographs) 50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from creation (cinematography films, photographs, computer programs)

50 years from publication (sound recordings; broadcasts; programme-carrying signals; and published editions)
Yes
  Spain
Spanish copyright law
Spanish copyright law governs copyright , that is the rightsof authors of literary, artistic or scientific works, in Spain. It wasfirst instituted by the Law of 10 January 1879, and, in its origins, was influenced by French copyright law...

Life + 70 years
[Life + 80 years(1879–1987), Life + 60 years(1987–1994)]
 Sri Lanka Life + 50 years 50 years from publication or if unpublished 50 years from completion (cinematographic, radiophonic or audiovisual work)

25 years from publication (photographic work or a work of applied art)
Yes
 Sudan Life + 50 years 25 years from publication (photographic pictures and cinematographic films and other audiovisual works; works published under unknown pseudonym or anonymously)
 Suriname Berne, TRIPS
 Swaziland Life + 50 years
 Sweden Life + 70 years Yes
  Switzerland
Copyright law of Switzerland
The copyright law of Switzerland is based on the concept of "author's rights" , which is similar to the French copyright law, instead of the concept of Copyright used incommon law jurisdictions...

Life + 70 years effective 1 July 1993 non-retroactively, but Life + 50 years for computer programs

[Life + 50 years (before the law change on 1 July 1993, applicable for deaths through 1942)]
50 years after performance (performers' rights) Yes
 Syria Life + 50 years 10 years from production (photographic, fine arts or plastic arts)
Taiwan, Republic of China (Chinese Taipei) Life + 50 years (except posthumous works first published 40 to 50 years after death) 50 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work)

50 years from publication; 50 years from creation if unpublished (corporate works; photographic works, audiovisual works, sound recordings, and performances)

10 years from publication (posthumous works first published 40 to 50 years after death)
Yes
  Tajikistan Berne
 Tanzania Life + 50 years
  Thailand Life + 50 years 50 years from publication or 50 years from creation if not published within 50 years from creation
Life + 50 years
 Togo Life + 50 years
 Tonga Life + 50 years
 Trinidad and Tobago Life + 50 years
 Tunisia Life + 50 years
  Turkey Life + 70 years
 Turkmenistan Life + 50 years
 Tuvalu Life + 50 years
 Uganda TRIPS
 Ukraine Life + 70 years
[Life + 50 years]
 United Arab Emirates Life + 50 years
  United Kingdom
Copyright law of the United Kingdom
The modern concept of copyright originated in the United Kingdom, in the year 1710, with the Statute of Anne.The current copyright law of the United Kingdom is to be found in the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 , as amended...

Life + 70 years 70 years after release or if not released 70 years after making (sound recordings) Yes
  United States Life + 70 years (works published since 1978 or unpublished works) 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation whichever is shorter (anonymous works, pseudonymous works, or works made for hire, published since 1978)

95 years from publication for works published 1964–1977; 28 (if copyright not renewed) or 95 years from publication for works published 1923–1963 (Copyrights prior to 1923 have expired.)
Yes
Universal Copyright Convention
Universal Copyright Convention
The Universal Copyright Convention , adopted at Geneva in 1952, is one of the two principal international conventions protecting copyright; the other is the Berne Convention....

 minimum terms
Life + 25 years (general works) 25 years from publication (specific works not based on authors' deaths)

10 years (photographic works or to works of applied art)
 Uruguay Life + 50 years
 Uzbekistan Life + 50 years
 Vanuatu unknown
 Vatican City Life + 70 years
 Venezuela Life + 60 years 60 years from publication; 60 years from creation if unpublished (an audiovisual work, a broadcast work or a computer program)

60 years from publication (anonymous or pseudonymous work)
Yes
 Vietnam Berne
 Yemen Life + 30 years
 Zambia Life + 50 years
 Zimbabwe Life + 50 years 50 years from publication (photographs)

50 years from creation (Sound recordings)

50 years from publication (cinematograph films, broadcasts)
Yes

Table notes


Terms of protection were taken from a variety of sources, including WIPO, UNESCO
UNESCO
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations...

 and the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania is a private, Ivy League university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States,Penn is the fourth-oldest using the founding dates claimed by each institution...

 (see External links). Where no more specific information is available for a country, an indication of its probable minimum copyright term can be gained from its status as:
  • a signatory of the Berne Convention
    Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
    The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland in 1886.- Content :...

     ("Berne"); minimum term of life + 50 years, except for photographs.
  • a member of the WTO ("TRIPS"); minimum term of life + 50 years.
  • a candidate for membership of the European Union
    European Union
    The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community , formed by six countries in 1958...

     ("EU"); term must be life + 70 years before accession.

See also

  • Official text copyright
    Official text copyright
    Official texts, as defined in Article 2 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, are texts of a legislative, administrative and legal nature and the official translations of such texts....

  • Rule of the shorter term
    Rule of the shorter term
    The rule of the shorter term, also called the comparison of terms, is a provision in international copyright treaties. The provision allows that signatory countries can limit the duration of copyright they grant to foreign works under national treatment, to at most the copyright term granted in the...

  • Moral rights
  • CERLALC
    Cerlalc
    The Centro Regional para el Formento del Libro en América Latina y el Caribe is an intergovernmental organization established under the auspices of UNESCO. It promotes the development of book publishing and copyright issues in Latin America and the Caribbean.-External links:*...

    , an intergovernmental organization promotes the development of book publishing and copyright issues in Latin America and the Caribbean.

External links