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was an eminent Sassanian commander during the Arab invasion of Iran. Khurrazad was brother of the powerful Spahbod
Spahbod or Spahbed , is derived from the words Spah and bod ; or "Aspah'Paeity" , and means commander of cavaliers/ knights; alternatively Spah Salar was a rank used in the Parthian empire and more widely in the Sassanid Empire of Persia...
Rostam Farrokhzād was the Ērān Spāhbod of the Sāsānian Empire under the reign of Yazdgird, r. 632 - 651...
, who fought and died at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah
The Battle of al-Qādisiyyah was fought in 636; it was the decisive engagement between the Arab muslim army and the Sassanid Persian army during the first period of Muslim expansion. It resulted in the Islamic conquest of Persia, and was key to the conquest of Iraq...
. Khurrazad is most famous for being present at the Battle of Jalula
Battle of Jalula was fought between Sassanid Empire and Rashidun Caliphate soon after conquest of Ctesiphon.After the capturing Ctesiphon, several detachments were immediately sent to west to capture Qarqeesia and Heet the forts at the border of Byzantine empire...
. There he led a major Persian force against the Muslims, resulting in a major disaster with perhaps a hundred thousands Persian casualties. Khurrazad was killed by the Arabs along with 4,000 of his troops.
Life of Khurrazad
Although very little is written of Khurrazad, we do know that he was born to a powerful family from Armenia. His father, Farrukh-Hormuzd, served the Sassaanian rulers in high office. Khurrazad was also in high office temporarily; he was the darik-pat
(chamberlain) of the Sassanian empire.
- Ahmad Hasan Dani, B. A. Litvinsky, Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson, History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The Crossroads of Civilizations, p. 228.