was a Chinese
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...
director, translator, and theater theorist. He was born in Tianjin
' is a metropolis in northern China and one of the five national central cities of the People's Republic of China. It is governed as a direct-controlled municipality, one of four such designations, and is, thus, under direct administration of the central government...
on Dec 11 1905. His original name was Chengzhi(承志), and had used several pen names such as 居颖,居尹 and 亮俦. He used Juying (菊影) as stage name， and later changed it into 菊隐.
Jiao was very poor when he was young, and had to do a lot of work while to maintain studying. At the early 1920th, he organised a literary society named the "Green Waves Society". In 1928 he and Xiong Fuxi organized a performance of the cricket
, that offended a warlord, made him wanted.
In 1939, he took part in the founding of the Traditional Opera College of Peiping, later became the first principal of it, and implemented a series of reforms.
In the autumn of 1935, he went to study in France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...
，observed the performance of various schools of Western Theater. In 1938 he received a Ph.D. from Paris University, and returned to China.
He worked in Guilin
Guilin is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of far southern China, sitting on the west bank of the Li River. Its name means "forest of Sweet Osmanthus", owing to the large number of fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees located in the city...
till 1941. During this time he once directed Cao Yu
Cao Yu , born as Wan Jiabao , was a renowned Chinese playwright, often regarded as China's most important of the 20th century. His most well-known works are Thunderstorm , Sunrise and Peking Man...
Thunderstorm , is a play by the Chinese dramatist Cao Yu. It is one of the most popular dramatic Chinese works of the period prior to the Japanese invasion of China in 1937.-History:...
. Later he took part in the reform of Guangxi opera with Ouyang Yuqian.
In 1947, he founded the Peiping art library. In 1950 he directed Lao She'e Dragon Beard Ditch
for Beijing People's Art Theatre
Beijing People's Art Theatre was founded in June 1952 by was drama master Cao Yu.Since its founding, the theater has produced nearly 300 dramas of different styles, from classic Chinese themes to an adaptation of Moliere....
. In 1952, Jiao became the first vice-president of Beijing People's Art Theatre.
He died on Feb 28 1975 in Beijing because of cancer.