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was the Bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Quebec
The Archdiocese of Québec is the oldest Catholic see in the New World north of Mexico. The archdiocese was founded as the Apostolic Vicariate of New France in 1658 and was elevated to a Diocese in 1674 and an Archdiocese in 1819...
from 1766 to 1784.
He was ordained as a priest in 1739 and left for Canada in 1741 with another priest, Abbé René-Jean Allenou de Lavillangevin and the newly appointed bishop of Quebec
Quebec , also Québec, Quebec City or Québec City is the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec and is located within the Capitale-Nationale region. It is the second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal, which is about to the southwest...
, Henri-Marie Dubreil de Pontbriand
Henri-Marie Dubreil de Pontbriand , who became the sixth bishop of Roman Catholic diocese of Quebec, was from a titled family and grew up at the Pontbriand château, , France. He received his classical education at La Flèche from the Jesuits and studied theology with the Sulpicians in Paris...
, in whose service Briand would remain during Pontbriand's nineteen years as bishop.
He was consecrated as bishop of Quebec on March 16, 1766 in Paris, France and resigned in 1784 to make room for a younger bishop. He retained episcopal powers but seldom exercised them during his last years.
Briand was a notable opponent of the American revolution and served as a useful ally to the British administration under Guy Carleton
Guy Carleton may refer to:*Guy Carleton , , Anglican bishop*Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, , Irish soldier and early Governor of Canada*Guy Carleton Wiggins, American landscape painter...
. He notably excommunicated Baltimore priest John Carroll
John Carroll, was the first Roman Catholic bishop and archbishop in the United States — serving as the ordinary of the Archdiocese of Baltimore. He is also known as the founder of Georgetown University, the oldest Catholic university in the United States, and St...
when the former tried to encourage Canadians to join the revolution.