Joseph Hampton Moore
was Mayor of Philadelphia and a Republican
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...
member of the United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two Houses of the United States Congress, the bicameral legislature which also includes the Senate.The composition and powers of the House are established in Article One of the Constitution...
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey to...
Early life and commercial work
J. Hampton Moore was born in Woodbury, New Jersey
Woodbury is a city in Gloucester County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, 10,307 residents were counted. Woodbury is the county seat of Gloucester County....
. He worked as a reporter on the Philadelphia Public Ledger
and the Court Combination
from 1881 to 1894. He was chief clerk to the city treasurer of Philadelphia from 1894 to 1897, and secretary to the mayor in 1900. He served as president of the Allied Republican Clubs of Philadelphia, of the Pennsylvania State League, and of the National League of Republican Clubs from 1900 to 1906. He worked as city treasurer from 1901 to 1903. He was appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States . He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity...
as the first Chief of the Bureau of Manufactures, Department of Commerce and Labor, in January 1905, but resigned after six months’ service to become president of a Philadelphia trust company. He was president of the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association from 1907 to 1947.
Moore was elected as a Republican to the 59th
The Fifty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1905 to March 4, 1907, during the fifth and sixth...
Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of George A. Castor
George Albert Castor was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives for Pennsylvania....
. He was re-elected to the Sixtieth and to the six succeeding Congresses and served from November 6, 1906, to January 4, 1920, when he resigned to become Mayor of Philadelphia. He was a delegate to the 1920 Republican National Convention
The 1920 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States nominated Ohio Senator Warren G. Harding for President and Massachusetts Governor Calvin Coolidge for Vice President...
Moore served as mayor of Philadelphia from 1920 to 1923. He was appointed by the United States State Department as a delegate to the International Navigation Congress at Cairo, Egypt, in 1926. After being defeated in 1927, he was again elected mayor of Philadelphia, serving from 1932 to 1935.
During his term as mayor, Moore banned the showing of films by Roscoe Arbuckle because the charges pending against Arbuckle for rape and murder would offend public morals. This motion occurred concurrent with Arbuckle's arrest, prior to Arbuckle's trial and eventual acquittal.
- The J. Hampton Moore Papers, including correspondence, political papers, documents and other materials, are available for research use at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania is a historical society founded in 1824 and based in Philadelphia. The Society's building, designed by Addison Hutton and listed on Philadelphia's Register of Historical Places, houses some 600,000 printed items and over 19 million manuscript and graphic items...