Innenstadt, Cologne

Innenstadt, Cologne

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Innenstadt is the central city district
City district
City district is a type of administrative division of Pakistan and Croatia.It is also the English translation of German Stadtbezirk and Swedish Stadsdel.-See also:*City Districts of Pakistan...

 (Stadtbezirk
Stadtbezirk
A Stadtbezirk is a form of German city district, an administrative unit within a larger city. In Germany Stadtbezirke usually only exist in a metropolis with more than 150,000 inhabitants....

) of the City of Cologne
Cologne
Cologne is Germany's fourth-largest city , and is the largest city both in the Germany Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants.Cologne is located on both sides of the...

 in Germany.

The district was established with the last communal land reform in 1975, and comprises Cologne's historic old town (Altstadt), the Gründerzeit
Gründerzeit
' refers to the economic phase in 19th century Germany and Austria before the great stock market crash of 1873. At this time in Central Europe the age of industrialisation was taking place, whose beginnings were found in the 1840s...

 era new town (Neustadt) plus the right-Rhenish district of Deutz. Innenstadt has about 127,000 inhabitants (as of December 2008) and covers an area of 16.4 square kilometres.

Subdivisions


Innenstadt is made up of five Stadtteile (city parts):
# City part Population (2009) Area (km²) Pop. per km² map
101 Altstadt-Süd  27,071 2,36 11,469
102 Neustadt-Süd  37,576 2,83 13,293
103 Altstadt-Nord  17,887 2,46 7,283
104 Neustadt-Nord  28,498 3,50 8,150
105 Deutz  15,269 5,24 2,912
source: Die Kölner Stadtteile in Zahlen 2010

Landmarks


Among the landmark in Innenstadt are Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church in Cologne, Germany. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne and the administration of the Archdiocese of Cologne. It is renowned monument of German Catholicism and Gothic architecture and is a World Heritage Site...

, the twelve romanesque churches of Cologne
Twelve romanesque churches of Cologne
The twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne are twelve landmark churches in the Old town of Cologne, Germany. All twelve churches are Roman Catholic.- Churches :The twelve churches are1:* St. Andreas in Altstadt-Nord, est. 974...

 (St. Andreas
St. Andreas
St. Andreas is an 10th century Romanesque church located in the old town of Cologne, Germany. It is one of twelve churches built in Cologne in that period....

, St. Aposteln, St. Cäcilien, St. Georg, St. Gereon
St. Gereon's Basilica
St. Gereon's Basilica is a Roman Catholic church in Cologne, Germany, dedicated to Saint Gereon, and designated a minor basilica on June 25, 1920. The first mention of a church at the site, dedicated to St. Gereon, appears in 612...

, St. Kunibert
St. Kunibert (Cologne)
St. Kunibert is the youngest of the Twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne and was consecrated 1247, one year before work on the Gothic Cologne Cathedral began.- History :...

, St. Maria im Kapitol
St. Maria im Kapitol
St. Maria im Kapitol is an 11th century Romanesque church located in the Kapitol-Viertel in the old town of Cologne, Germany. The Roman Catholic church is based on the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, was dedicated to St. Mary and built between 1040 and 1065...

, St. Maria Lyskirchen, Groß St. Martin
Great St. Martin Church
The Great Saint Martin Church is a Romanesque Catholic church in Cologne, Germany. Its foundations rest on remnants of a Roman chapel, built on what was then an island in the Rhine. The church was later transformed into a Benedictine monastery...

, St. Pantaleon
Church of St. Pantaleon
The Church of St. Pantaleon is an early Romanesque church in Cologne, Germany. The church dates back to the 10th Century and is the oldest of the twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne. The former monastery church is consecrated to Saint Pantaleon and the Saints Cosmas and Damian. The empress...

, St. Severin
Basilica of St. Severin
The Basilica of St. Severin is an early Romanesque basilica church located in the Südstadt of Cologne . The former collegiate church is dedicated to St. Severin of Cologne. It is one of the twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne.St. Severin was established in the late 4th century as a memorial...

 and St. Ursula) and the 14th century Cologne City Hall
Cologne City Hall
The City Hall is a historical building in Cologne, western Germany, located off Hohe Straße in the district of Innenstadt, set between the two squares of Rathausplatz and Alter Markt. It houses part of the city government, including the city council and offices of the Lord Mayor. It is...

 (Kölner Rathaus). Several high rise structures were built over the last years as landmarks for Veedel (city quarters) within the district, most notably KölnTurm
KölnTurm
At is 148.5 meters tall , the Cologne Tower is the tallest office building in Cologne. Construction of the building lasted from June, 1999 to November, 2001...

at MediaPark
MediaPark
The MediaPark is a urban regeneration neighborhood in Cologne, Germany, completed by the turn of the millennium. It was set up to accommodate companies of the media and communication industry, as well as cultural institutions, a hotel and some apartment buildings. The MediaPark is situated in...

 and the three Kranhaus buildings at Rheinauhafen
Rheinauhafen
The Rheinauhafen is a urban regeneration project in Cologne, Germany, located along the River Rhine between the Südbrücke and Severinsbrücke , just south of the inner city's historic old town.The project is set around the actual Rheinauhafen, a formerly commercial harbour developed during the...

.

Transportation



As the business center of Cologne, Innenstadt is well served by numerous railway stations and highway. Largest train station is Köln Hauptbahnhof
Köln Hauptbahnhof
Köln Hauptbahnhof is the central railway station in Cologne, Germany.The station is an important local, national and international hub, with many ICE, Thalys and Intercity trains calling there, as well as regional RegionalExpress, RegionalBahn and local S-Bahn trains...

, other statons include Köln Messe/Deutz, Köln Hansaring
Köln Hansaring station
Köln-Hansaring is a subway and railway station situated on the Cologne Ring road in Innenstadt, Cologne in western Germany. It is served by the S6, S11, S12 and S13 lines of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn, the Regional rail line RB25, and the 12 and 15 lines of Cologne Stadtbahn.The subway station opened in...

, Köln West
Köln West station
Köln-West is a passenger railway station situated on the western border of Innenstadt, Cologne in western Germany. It is served by regional services and - via Hans-Böckler-Platz/Bf West U-Bahn station - 3, 4 and 5 lines of the Cologne Stadtbahn....

 and Köln Süd station
Köln Süd station
Köln-Süd is a passenger railway station situated at Luxemburger Straße and the southern border of Innenstadt, Cologne in western Germany. It is served by regional trains of Deutsche Bahn and trans regio. Nr...

, as well as a dense net of Cologne Stadtbahn
Cologne Stadtbahn
The Cologne Stadtbahn is a light rail system in the German city of Cologne, including several surrounding cities...

 tram and U-Bahn stations. The Cologne Ring
Cologne Ring
The Cologne Ring is a semi-circular, some 6 km long urban boulevard in Innenstadt, Cologne and the city's busiest and most prominent street system...

 (Kölner Ringe) is a city boulevard, encircling the old town of Cologne. It is part of Bundesstraße 55
Bundesstraße 55
The Bundesstraße 55 is a Bundesstraße road in Germany, connecting Jülich with Rheda-Wiedenbrück via Cologne, Gummersbach, Olpe and Meschede....

 and picks up several principal arterial road
Arterial road
An arterial road, or arterial thoroughfare, is a high-capacity urban road. The primary function of an arterial road is to deliver traffic from collector roads to freeways, and between urban centres at the highest level of service possible. As such, many arteries are limited-access roads, or feature...

s, which lead into adjacent city districts.

Rhine bridges

Zoobrücke
  • Hohenzollernbrücke
    Hohenzollernbrücke
    The Hohenzollern Bridge is a bridge crossing the river Rhine in the German city of Cologne. It crosses the Rhine at kilometre 688.5. Originally, the bridge was both a railway and street bridge, however, after its destruction in 1945 and its subsequent reconstruction, it was only accessible to rail...

  • Deutzer Brücke Severinsbrücke

External links