Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
philologist and Indo-Europeanist.
Hirt wrote on German metres (Untersuchungen zur westgermanischen Verskunst
, 1889), edited Schopenhauer's Parerga
(1890), and then devoting himself to Indo-Germanic philology made special studies on accent, writing Der indogermanische Accent
(1895) and Der indogermanische Ablaut, vornehmlich in seinem Verhältnis zur Betonung
(1900). Hirt, who became professor at the University of Leipzig
The University of Leipzig , located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the oldest universities in the world and the second-oldest university in Germany...
, made valuable contributions to Burgmann and Streitberg's Indogermanische Forschungen
, on the morphology of case endings. In 1902, he published Handbuch der griechischen Laut- und Formenlehre
, the first volume of a series of Indo-Germanic text-books of which he was editor. He is the author of the Indogermanische Grammatik
, published in seven volumes between 1921 and 1937. Hirt made foundational contributions to the study of Proto-Indo-European language
The Proto-Indo-European language is the reconstructed common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, spoken by the Proto-Indo-Europeans...
In linguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.An accent may identify the locality in which its speakers reside , the socio-economic status of its speakers, their ethnicity, their caste or social class, their first language In...
In linguistics, ablaut is a system of apophony in Proto-Indo-European and its far-reaching consequences in all of the modern Indo-European languages...