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Gryllus

Gryllus

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Encyclopedia
Gryllus is a genus
Genus
In biology, a genus is a low-level taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, which is an example of definition by genus and differentia...

 of cricket
Cricket (insect)
Crickets, family Gryllidae , are insects somewhat related to grasshoppers, and more closely related to katydids or bush crickets . They have somewhat flattened bodies and long antennae. There are about 900 species of crickets...

s. Members of the genus are typically 15–31 mm long and darkly coloured . Species are usually recognised by their life histories
Biological life cycle
A life cycle is a period involving all different generations of a species succeeding each other through means of reproduction, whether through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction...

 and by their song
Animal song
An animal song is a repetitive vocal utterance of animals such as birds and whales. The term is not clearly defined in the scientific literature, though most investigators agree that an animal song must have syllabic diversity and temporal regularity akin to the repetitive and transformative...

 .

Species


The genus contains the following species :

  • Gryllus abditus Otte & Peck, 1997
  • Gryllus abingdoni Otte & Peck, 1997
  • Gryllus abnormis Chopard, 1970
  • Gryllus alogus Rehn, 1902
  • Gryllus amarensis (Chopard, 1921)
  • Gryllus ambulator Saussure, 1877
  • Gryllus argenteus (Chopard, 1954)
  • Gryllus argentinus Saussure, 1874
  • Gryllus armatus Scudder, 1902
  • Gryllus assimilis (Fabricius, 1775)
  • Gryllus ater Walker, 1869
  • Gryllus barretti Rehn, 1901
  • Gryllus bellicosus Otte & Cade 1984
  • Gryllus bicolor Saussure, 1874
  • Gryllus bimaculatus
    Gryllus bimaculatus
    Gryllus bimaculatus is one of many cricket species known as the Field cricket. Also known as the African or Mediterranean field cricket or as the two-spotted cricket, it can be discriminated from other Gryllus species by the two dot-like marks on the base of its wings.This species of cricket is...

    De Geer, 1773
  • Gryllus braueri (Karny, 1910)
  • Gryllus brevecaudatus (Chopard, 1961)
  • Gryllus brevicaudus Weissman, Rentz, Alexander & Loher 198
  • Gryllus bryanti Morse, 1905
  • Gryllus campestris
    Gryllus campestris
    Gryllus campestris is one of many crickets known as the Field cricket. These insects are dark colored and slightly less than one inch in length. The males range from 19 to 23 mm and the females from 17 to 22 mm....

    Linnaeus, 1758
  • Gryllus capitatus Saussure, 1874
  • Gryllus carvalhoi (Chopard, 1961)
  • Gryllus cayensis Walker, 2001
  • Gryllus chaldeus (Uvarov 1922)
  • Gryllus chappuisi (Chopard, 1938)
  • Gryllus chichimecus Saussure, 1897
  • Gryllus cohni Weissman, Rentz, Alexander & Loher 198
  • Gryllus comptus Walker, 1869
  • Gryllus conradti (Bolivar, 1910)
  • Gryllus darwini Otte & Peck 1997
  • Gryllus debilis Walker, 1871
  • Gryllus firmus Scudder, 1902
  • Gryllus fultoni (Alexander, 1957)
  • Gryllus fulvipennis Blanchard, 1854
  • Gryllus galapageius Scudder, 1893
  • Gryllus genovesa Otte & Peck 1997
  • Gryllus insularis Scudder, 1876
  • Gryllus integer Scudder, 1901
  • Gryllus isabella Otte & Peck 1997

  • Gryllus jallae Giglio-Tos, 1907
  • Gryllus kapushi Otte, 1987
  • Gryllus krugeri Otte, Toms & Cade 1988
  • Gryllus lineaticeps Stål, 1861
  • Gryllus luctuosus (Bolivar, 1910)
  • Gryllus madagascarensis Walker, 1869
  • Gryllus marchena Otte & Peck 1997
  • Gryllus maunus Otte, Toms & Cade 1988
  • Gryllus maximus (Uvarov 1952)
  • Gryllus meruensis Sjöstedt, 1909
  • Gryllus miopteryx Saussure, 1877
  • Gryllus mzimba Otte, 1987
  • Gryllus namibius Otte & Cade 1984
  • Gryllus nigrohirsutus Alexander, 1991
  • Gryllus nyasa Otte & Cade 1984
  • Gryllus opacus Chopard, 1927
  • Gryllus ovisopis Walker, 1974
  • Gryllus parilis Walker, 1869
  • Gryllus pennsylvanicus
    Gryllus pennsylvanicus
    Gryllus pennsylvanicus is one of many cricket species known as the field cricket. It occurs throughout eastern North America, including southern Canada.-Identification:...

    Burmeister, 1838
  • Gryllus personatus Uhler, 1864
  • Gryllus peruviensis Saussure, 1874
  • Gryllus pinta Otte & Peck 1997
  • Gryllus quadrimaculatus Saussure, 1877
  • Gryllus rhinoceros Gorochov, 2001
  • Gryllus rixator Otte & Cade 1984
  • Gryllus rubens
    Gryllus rubens
    Gryllus rubens, commonly known as the Southeastern Field Cricket, is one of many cricket species known as a field cricket. It occurs throughout most of the Southeastern United States...

    Scudder, 1902
  • Gryllus scudderianus Saussure, 1874
  • Gryllus signatus Walker, 1869
  • Gryllus spinulosus Johannson, 1763
  • Gryllus subpubescens (Chopard, 1934)
  • Gryllus texensis
    Gryllus texensis
    Gryllus texensis is a species of field cricket identified by William H. Cade and Otte in . Cade and Otte clarify that field crickets collected in the Southeastern United States from Florida to Texas identified as Gryllus integer, were in fact misidentified, and should have been classified as G....

    Cade & Otte 2000
  • Gryllus urfaensis Gumussuyu, 1978
  • Gryllus veletis
    Gryllus veletis
    Gryllus veletis, commonly known as the spring field cricket, is abundant throughout eastern North America. G. veletis is a solitary, aggressive, omnivorous, burrow-inhabiting species of field cricket. This species is commonly confused with Gryllus pennsylvanicus , as they inhabit the same...

    (Alexander & Bigelow 1960)
  • Gryllus vernalis Blatchley, 1920
  • Gryllus vicarius Walker, 1869
  • Gryllus vocalis Scudder, 1901
  • Gryllus zaisi Otte, Toms & Cade 1988
  • Gryllus zambezi (Saussure, 1877)