Great Neck Plaza, New York

Great Neck Plaza, New York

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Great Neck Plaza is a village in the town of North Hempstead in Nassau County
Nassau County, New York
Nassau County is a suburban county on Long Island, east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York, within the New York Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,339,532...

, New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

 in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The population was 6,707 at the 2010 census.

The village is on the Great Neck
Great Neck, New York
The term Great Neck is commonly applied to a peninsula on the North Shore of Long Island, which includes the village of Great Neck, the village of Great Neck Estates, the village of Great Neck Plaza, and others, as well as an area south of the peninsula near Lake Success and the border of Queens...

 Peninsula on the North Shore
North Shore (Long Island)
The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Island's northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. The region has long been the most affluent on Long Island, as well as the most affluent in the New York metropolitan area, which has earned it the nickname "the Gold Coast." Though some...

 of Long Island
Long Island
Long Island is an island located in the southeast part of the U.S. state of New York, just east of Manhattan. Stretching northeast into the Atlantic Ocean, Long Island contains four counties, two of which are boroughs of New York City , and two of which are mainly suburban...

 and is often grouped together with the other hamlets and villages and referred to collectively as "Great Neck."

History


The Village of Great Neck Plaza was incorporated in on May 3, 1930.

In 1866, the New York and Flushing Railroad extended their main line into Great Neck through a subsidiary called the North Shore Railroad, thus transforming it from a farming community into a commuter town. The NY&F was consolidated into the Flushing and North Side Railroad
Flushing and North Side Railroad
The Flushing and North Side Railroad is a former railroad on Long Island built by Conrad Poppenhusen as a replacement for the former New York and Flushing Railroad. The railroad was established in 1868, was merged with the Central Railroad of Long Island in 1874 to form the Flushing, North Shore,...

 in 1869, only to be merged into the Flushing, North Shore, and Central Railroad in 1874 and leased in 1876 by the LIRR. Throughout much of the late 19th Century, Great Neck was the terminus of what is today the Port Washington Branch
Port Washington Branch
The Port Washington Branch is an electrified two-track rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York...

 of the LIRR. The village was incorporated in 1930, even as the station
Great Neck (LIRR station)
Great Neck is a station in the village of Great Neck Plaza, on the Port Washington Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. It is the first station on the branch in Nassau County. The station is at Middle Neck Road and Station Plaza at Great Neck Road, 1/4 mile north of Northern Boulevard, and is ...

 that lead to its existence was being reconstructed. In addition to the railroad station, Great Neck Plaza contains other historic structures, such as the local post office
United States Post Office (Great Neck, New York)
US Post Office-Great Neck is a historic post office building located at Great Neck Plaza in the town of North Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, United States. It was built in 1939-40 and designed by consulting architect William Dewey Foster for the Office of the Supervising Architect...

 and the Grace and Thomaston Buildings.

Great Neck Plaza encompasses a busy commercial district, two parks, as well as a residential section with many multiple dwellings and private homes. Although geographically the Village measures only a third of a square mile, it boasts a vibrant downtown including the Great Neck LIRR station, over 250 retail stores and service establishments, almost 90 multiple-family apartment buildings, 148 single family homes, approximately 40 office buildings, 2 four-star hotels, a nursing home, a senior independent living facility and one assisted-care living facility.

The Village of Great Neck Plaza is protected by the Nassau County Police Department Sixth Precinct located in Manhasset, and fire protection is provided by two volunteer departments - Vigilant Hook & Ladder for locations north of the LIRR tracks and Manhasset-Lakeville Fire Department for locations south of the LIRR tracks.

Geography


Great Neck Plaza is located at 40.787068°N 73.725775°W.

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the village has a total area of 0.3 square mile (0.776996433 km²), all of it land.

Demographics


As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

 of 2000, there were 6,433 people, 3,603 households, and 1,581 families residing in the village. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 20,853.4 people per square mile (8,012.2/km2). There were 3,925 housing units at an average density of 12,723.4 per square mile (4,888.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 91.11% White, 1.66% African American, 0.05% Native American, 3.02% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.04% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.29% of the population.

There were 3,603 households out of which 12.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.2% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 56.1% were non-families. 51.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.74 and the average family size was 2.54.

In the village the population was spread out with 11.6% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 30.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 75.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $54,591, and the median income for a family was $70,781. Males had a median income of $51,863 versus $46,703 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the village was $42,914. About 4.1% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

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