George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington
(31 March 1754 – 4 May 1834), styled Lord George Cavendish
before 1831, was a British politician.
Cavendish was the third son of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC , styled Lord Cavendish before 1729 and Marquess of Hartington between 1729 and 1755, was a British Whig statesman who was briefly nominal Prime Minister of Great Britain...
and the former Lady Charlotte Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington
Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork PC , born in Yorkshire, England, was the son of Charles Boyle, 2nd Earl of Burlington and 3rd Earl of Cork...
of the first creation, whose title had become extinct on his death in 1753.
Cavendish sat as Member of Parliament
A Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a :parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, the term applies specifically to members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title, such as senate, and thus also have different titles for its members,...
Knaresborough was a parliamentary constituency which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, and then one MP until its abolition in 1885.-Before the Great Reform Act:...
from 1775 to 1780, for Derby
Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two Members of...
from 1780 to 1797 and for Derbyshire
Derbyshire is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832...
from 1797 to 1831. On 10 September 1831 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cavendish of Keighley
, in the County of York, and Earl of Burlington
, a revival of the title held by his maternal grandfather.
Lord Burlington married Lady Elizabeth Compton, daughter of Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton
Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton, DL was a British peer and diplomat.He was the eldest son of Hon. Charles Compton, in turn youngest son of George Compton, 4th Earl of Northampton, and his wife Mary, only daughter of Sir Berkeley Lucy, 3rd Baronet. Compton was educated at Westminster...
, on 27 February 1782 in London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...
. They had at least eleven children of whom six children survived to adulthood:
- William Cavendish (10 January 1783 – 17 January 1812)
- George Henry Compton Cavendish
George Henry Compton Cavendish was an English politician, the son of Lord George Cavendish, later Earl of Burlington....
(14 October 1784 – 22 January 1809)
- Elizabeth Dorothy Cavendish (12 June 1786 - 17 September 1786)
- Lady Anne Cavendish (11 November 1787 – 17 May 1871), married Lord Charles FitzRoy
Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Charles FitzRoy PC , was a British soldier and Whig politician. He fought at the Battle of Waterloo at an early age and later held political office as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1835 and 1838.-Background:Fitzroy was the second son of George FitzRoy, 4th Duke...
, second son of the 4th Duke of Grafton
George Henry FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton, KG was a British peer and Whig politician, known as Earl of Euston from birth until 1811....
- Gen. Hon. Henry Frederick Compton Cavendish (5 November 1789 – 5 April 1873), married Sarah Fawkener, Frances Susan Lambton and Susanna Emma Byerlie
- Elizabeth Cavendish (13 March 1792 - 26 May 1794)
- The Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish
Charles Compton Cavendish, 1st Baron Chesham was a British Liberal politician.Cavendish was the fourth son of George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington, third son of the former Prime Minister William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, and his wife Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle,...
(28 August 1793–10 November 1863), created Baron Chesham
Baron Chesham, of Chesham in the County of Buckingham, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1858 for the Hon. Charles Cavendish, who had earlier represented Aylesbury, Newtown, East Sussex, Youghal and Buckinghamshire in the House of Commons as a Liberal...
, married Lady Catherine Gordon, daughter of the 9th Marquess of Huntly
George Gordon, 9th Marquess of Huntly KT , styled Lord Strathavon until 1795 and known as The Earl of Aboyne from 1795 to 1836, was a Scottish peer....
- Mary Louisa Cavendish (6 March 1795 - 7 June 1795)
- Lady Caroline Cavendish (5 April 1797 – 9 January 1867)
- Frederick Compton Cavendish (28 October 1801 - 27 January 1802)
- Charlotte Cavendish (23 April 1803 - 1 July 1803)