Fanny de Beauharnais
, née Marie-Anne-Françoise Mouchard, (4 October 1737, Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...
– 2 July 1813) was a French lady of letters. She was the mother of French politician Claude de Beauharnais. She was the grandmother of Stéphanie de Beauharnais
Stéphanie, Grand Duchess of Baden was the consort of Karl, Grand Duke of Baden.-Biography:...
, Grand Duchess of Baden, and through her she is the ancestor of current former royal families of Romania, Yugoslavia, and the present royal families of Belgium, of Luxembourg and of Monaco..
The daughter of the receiver-general of finances in Champagne, whilst very young she married comte Claude de Beauharnais, uncle of Alexandre de Beauharnais and of François de Beauharnais. She was godmother to Hortense de Beauharnais
Hortense Eugénie Cécile Bonaparte , Queen Consort of Holland, was the stepdaughter of Emperor Napoleon I, being the daughter of his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais. She later became the wife of the former's brother, Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland, and the mother of Napoleon III, Emperor of...
, Alexandre's daughter by Marie Josèphe Rose de Tascher de la Pagerie, better known to history as Josephine
Josephine is a female name, a feminine form of Joseph. It may refer to:-People:* Joséphine de Beauharnais, the first Empress of the French.* Josephine Brunsvik, Hungarian Countess, most likely Beethoven's Immortal Beloved* Josephine -Other:...
She wrote poetry from her childhood onwards and, after separating from her husband, devoted herself to literature, become friends with literary figures such as Claude Joseph Dorat
Claude Joseph Dorat was a French writer, also known as Le Chevalier Dorat.He was born in Paris, of a family consisting of generations of lawyers, and he joined the corps of the kings musketeers...
and Michel de Cubières-Palmézeaux. Her salon
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host, held partly to amuse one another and partly to refine taste and increase their knowledge of the participants through conversation. These gatherings often consciously followed Horace's definition of the aims of poetry, "either to...
became a choice social venue, and she became a member of the Académie des Arcades.
In 1787 she wrote and put on a five act prose comedy entitled la Fausse inconstance
, though it was not a success. In 1790 she was received into the Académie de Lyon.
Her detractors attributed her work to Dorat and other friends of hers. The marquise de Créquy, in his Souvenirs
, adjudged that Lebrun
Ponce Denis Écouchard Lebrun was a French lyric poet.He was born in Paris at the house of the prince de Conti, to whom his father was valet....
had very rudely and unjustly applied to her an old epigram
An epigram is a brief, interesting, usually memorable and sometimes surprising statement. Derived from the epigramma "inscription" from ἐπιγράφειν epigraphein "to write on inscribe", this literary device has been employed for over two millennia....
Étienne Pavillon was a French lawyer and poet.- Life and work :Grandson of a famous lawyer and nephew of bishop Nicolas Pavillon, he first studied theology before renouncing this to become "avocat général" to the parliament of Metz. Before having spent ten years in that role, he had a reverse in...
about Charlotte-Rose de Caumont La Force
Charlotte-Rose de Caumont de La Force or Mademoiselle de La Force was a French novelist and poet. Her best-known work was her 1698 fairy tale Persinette which was adapted by the Brothers Grimm as the story Rapunzel....
- Mélanges de poésies fugitives et de prose sans conséquence (Paris, 1772, 2 vol. in-8°)
- Lettres de Stéphanie, historical novel (Paris, 1773, in-8°)
- l’Abailard supposé, novel (Paris, 1780, in-8°)
- l’Île de la Félicité, philosophical poem (1801, in-8°)
- le Voyage de Zizi et d’Azor, poem in 5 books (1811, in-8°).
- Gustave Vapereau, Dictionnaire universel des littératures, Paris, Hachette, 1876, p. 217.