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Expediency Discernment Council

Expediency Discernment Council

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Encyclopedia
The Expediency Discernment Council of the System is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader
Supreme Leader of Iran
The Supreme Leader of Iran is the highest ranking political and religious authority in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The post was established by the constitution in accordance with the concept of Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists...

 and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988. It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis
Majlis of Iran
The National Consultative Assembly of Iran , also called The Iranian Parliament or People's House, is the national legislative body of Iran...

 and the Council of Guardians, but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader
Supreme Leader of Iran
The Supreme Leader of Iran is the highest ranking political and religious authority in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The post was established by the constitution in accordance with the concept of Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists...

." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" — following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's election in 2005.

Members (current)


On 27 February 2007, a new council was appointed for a five year period:
  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar
    Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
    Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is an influential Iranian politician and writer, who was the fourth President of Iran. He was a member of the Assembly of Experts until his resignation in 2011...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    (Chairman of the Council) *
  2. Mohsen Rezaee
    Mohsen Rezaee
    Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed, also spelled Rezai and Rezaie , born Sabzevar Rezaee Mirgha'ed , is an Iranian politician, economist and former military commander, currently the Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran...

    , Ph.D.
    Ph.D.
    A Ph.D. is a Doctor of Philosophy, an academic degree.Ph.D. may also refer to:* Ph.D. , a 1980s British group*Piled Higher and Deeper, a web comic strip*PhD: Phantasy Degree, a Korean comic series* PhD Docbook renderer, an XML renderer...

    * (Secretary General)
  3. Jannati, Ahmad
    Ahmad Jannati
    Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati Massah is a hardline Iranian politician, fundamentalist Shi'i cleric and a founding member of Haghani school with close ties with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Mesbah-Yazdi...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  4. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas
    Abbas Vaez-Tabasi
    Ayatollah Abbas Vaez Tabasi is an influential member of the Expediency Discernment Council and the Assembly of Experts of the Islamic Republic of Iran.Furthermore, Vaez-Tabasi is the head of the Astan Quds Razavi Foundation...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  5. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim
    Ebrahim Amini
    Ayatollah Haj Shaykh Ebrahim Amini is an Iranian politician in the Assembly of Experts. He is also a member of the Expediency Discernment Council.-External links:*...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  6. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali
    Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
    Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel born in 1945 in Tehran, Iran, is an Iranian philosopher, politician and former chairman of the Iranian parliament...

    , Ph.D.
    Ph.D.
    A Ph.D. is a Doctor of Philosophy, an academic degree.Ph.D. may also refer to:* Ph.D. , a 1980s British group*Piled Higher and Deeper, a web comic strip*PhD: Phantasy Degree, a Korean comic series* PhD Docbook renderer, an XML renderer...

    *
  7. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  8. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali
    Ali Movahedi-Kermani
    Hojatoleslam/Ayatollah Ali Movahedi-Kermani is representative of Ali Khamenei in the Islamic Revolutionary Guards in the Islamic Republic of Iran. He was a member of the 3rd Assembly of Experts....

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  9. Habibi, Hassan Ebrahim
    Hassan Habibi
    Hassan Ebrahim Habibi is an Iranian politician and scholar, presently the Head of Academy of Persian Language and Literature , and a member of the High Council of Cultural Revolution.Habibi was the 1st First Vice President of Iran from 1989 to 2001, eight years under President Rafsanjani and...

    , Ph.D.
    Ph.D.
    A Ph.D. is a Doctor of Philosophy, an academic degree.Ph.D. may also refer to:* Ph.D. , a 1980s British group*Piled Higher and Deeper, a web comic strip*PhD: Phantasy Degree, a Korean comic series* PhD Docbook renderer, an XML renderer...

    *
  10. Mousavi, Mir Hossein Ms.C.
    MSC
    - Computers:* Mario Strikers Charged* Microsoft Common Console Document, file for the Microsoft Management Console* Microelectronics Support Centre* Microsoft Corporation* MIDI Show Control* Message Sequence Chart...

    *
  11. Velayati, Ali Akbar
    Ali Akbar Velayati
    Ali Akbar Velayati is an Iranian politician, academic and diplomat. He was the Foreign Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1997...

    , M.D.
    Doctor of Medicine
    Doctor of Medicine is a doctoral degree for physicians. The degree is granted by medical schools...

    *
  12. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali
    Ghorbanali Dorri-Najafabadi
    Ayatollah Ghorbanali Dorri-Najafabadi is an Iranian politician and cleric, previously the Minister of Intelligence of Islamic Republic of Iran...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  13. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  14. Sane'i, Hassan
    Hassan Sane'i
    Hojatoleslam Hassan Sane'i is a governmental official of Iran who is currently a member of the Expediency Discernment Council. He is also the president of the 15-Khordad Foundation, a quasi-governmental foundation....

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  15. Fereidoun Rowhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  16. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  17. Larijani, Ali
    Ali Larijani
    Ali Ardashir Larijani is an Iranian philosopher, politician and the chairman of the Iranian parliament. Larijani was the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from August 15, 2005 to October 20, 2007, appointed to the position by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad,replacing Hassan Rowhani...

    , Ph.D.
    Ph.D.
    A Ph.D. is a Doctor of Philosophy, an academic degree.Ph.D. may also refer to:* Ph.D. , a 1980s British group*Piled Higher and Deeper, a web comic strip*PhD: Phantasy Degree, a Korean comic series* PhD Docbook renderer, an XML renderer...

    *
  18. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
    Mohammad Reza Bahonar
    Mohammad-Reza Bahonar was the conservative First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Iran. He is a representative from Kerman.In previous parliaments, he has been elected as a representative from Kerman and Tehran...

  19. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza
    Mohammad Reza Tavassoli
    Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Tavassoli was an influential Iranian theologian, reformist politician, and a close associate of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini....

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  20. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  21. Nabavi, Morteza *
  22. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
    Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
    Hodjatoleslam Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri , sometimes spelled Nategh-Nouri is an Iranian politician who was the Chairman of the Parliament from 1992 to 2000. Before that, he was the interior minister of the Islamic Republic...

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  23. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General
    Major General
    Major general or major-general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. A major general is a high-ranking officer, normally subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general...

    *
  24. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza
    Gholam Reza Aghazadeh
    Gholam Reza Aghazadeh is an Iranian Politician. Aghazadeh served as the Vice President for Atomic Energy of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the president of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran up until July 2009....

     *
  25. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  26. Ali Agha-Mohammadi
  27. Mohammad Forouzandeh
    Mohammad Forouzandeh
    Mohammad Forouzandeh is the head of the Bonyad-e Mostazafen va Janbazan, or Foundation of the Oppressed and Disabled, the second-largest commercial enterprise in Iran and biggest holding company in the Middle East. His tenure as head of the foundation was renewed "for another five years" on...

  28. Davoud Danesh-Jafari
    Davoud Danesh-Jafari
    -Biography:Born in 1954 in Tehran, Danesh-Jafari graduated with Bachelor's Degree from the Kashmir University, India in Civil Engineering. He is an alumnus of National Institute of Technology Srinagar in Srinagar, India....


Members (2002-2007)


The following is a list of its members of the years 2002-2007.
  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar
    Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
    Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is an influential Iranian politician and writer, who was the fourth President of Iran. He was a member of the Assembly of Experts until his resignation in 2011...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    (Chairman) *
  2. Amini Najafabadi, Ibrahim, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  3. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  4. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  5. Mousavi, Mir Hussein *
  6. Velayati, Ali Akbar
    Ali Akbar Velayati
    Ali Akbar Velayati is an Iranian politician, academic and diplomat. He was the Foreign Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1997...

     *
  7. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  8. Sane'i, Hassan
    Hassan Sane'i
    Hojatoleslam Hassan Sane'i is a governmental official of Iran who is currently a member of the Expediency Discernment Council. He is also the president of the 15-Khordad Foundation, a quasi-governmental foundation....

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  9. Fereidoun Rowhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  10. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    *
  12. Larijani, Ali
    Ali Larijani
    Ali Ardashir Larijani is an Iranian philosopher, politician and the chairman of the Iranian parliament. Larijani was the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from August 15, 2005 to October 20, 2007, appointed to the position by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad,replacing Hassan Rowhani...

     *
  13. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  14. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    *
  15. Nabavi, Morteza *
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General
    Major General
    Major general or major-general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. A major general is a high-ranking officer, normally subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general...

     *
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza *
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi
    Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani
    Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani is an Iranian politician who has been a member of the Expediency Discernment Council since 1997. Before that he served as vice president in charge of executive affairs during the presidency of his older brother, Hojatoleslam Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, and later...

     *
  20. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim *
  21. Mohsen Rezaee
    Mohsen Rezaee
    Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed, also spelled Rezai and Rezaie , born Sabzevar Rezaee Mirgha'ed , is an Iranian politician, economist and former military commander, currently the Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran...

     * (Secretary General of the Council)
  22. Ahmad Jannati
    Ahmad Jannati
    Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati Massah is a hardline Iranian politician, fundamentalist Shi'i cleric and a founding member of Haghani school with close ties with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Mesbah-Yazdi...

  23. Ali Movahedi-Kermani
    Ali Movahedi-Kermani
    Hojatoleslam/Ayatollah Ali Movahedi-Kermani is representative of Ali Khamenei in the Islamic Revolutionary Guards in the Islamic Republic of Iran. He was a member of the 3rd Assembly of Experts....

  24. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
    Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
    Hodjatoleslam Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri , sometimes spelled Nategh-Nouri is an Iranian politician who was the Chairman of the Parliament from 1992 to 2000. Before that, he was the interior minister of the Islamic Republic...

  25. Mohammad Reza Aref
    Mohammad Reza Aref
    Mohammad Reza Aref is an Iranian academic, electrical engineer and politician and a professor at Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. From 2001 to 2005, he was the Vice President of Iran under President Mohammad Khatami. He was succeeded by Parviz Dawoodi.Aref was a chancellor of the...

  26. Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
    Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
    Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel born in 1945 in Tehran, Iran, is an Iranian philosopher, politician and former chairman of the Iranian parliament...

  27. Majid Ansari
  28. Mohammad Reza Bahonar
    Mohammad Reza Bahonar
    Mohammad-Reza Bahonar was the conservative First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Iran. He is a representative from Kerman.In previous parliaments, he has been elected as a representative from Kerman and Tehran...

  29. Hossein Mozaffar
  30. Mohammad Javad Irvani

- Re-appointed

Ex-officio members:
  1. President
  2. Speaker of Majles
  3. Chief of the Judiciary
  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  5. The representative of Majlis commission concerning the subject discussed
    • If mediating between Majlis
      Majlis
      ' , is an Arabic term meaning "a place of sitting", used in the context of "council", to describe various types of special gatherings among common interest groups be it administrative, social or religious in countries with linguistic or cultural connections to Islamic countries...

       and Guardian Council
      Guardian Council
      The Guardian Council of the Constitution , also known as the Guardian Council or Council of Guardians, is an appointed and constitutionally-mandated 12-member council that wields considerable power and influence in the Islamic Republic of Iran....

      , the council will also include the six clerics of the Guardian Council.

Members (1997-2002)


The following is a list of its members of the year 1997-2002.

  1. Tabasi, Abbas, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  2. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  3. Mousavi, Mir Hussein
  4. Velayati, Ali Akbar
    Ali Akbar Velayati
    Ali Akbar Velayati is an Iranian politician, academic and diplomat. He was the Foreign Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1997...

  5. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  6. Sane'i, Hassan
    Hassan Sane'i
    Hojatoleslam Hassan Sane'i is a governmental official of Iran who is currently a member of the Expediency Discernment Council. He is also the president of the 15-Khordad Foundation, a quasi-governmental foundation....

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  7. Fereidoun Rowhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  8. Mousavi Khoeiniha, Mohammad
    Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha
    Ayatollah Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha is an Iranian cleric and secretary general of the reformist Association of Combatant Clerics. He was a founder of the now banned Salam newspaper and is a member of the Expediency Discernment Council.-Overview:Khoeiniha was prosecutor general of Iran after...

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  9. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah
  10. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  11. Larijani, Ali
    Ali Larijani
    Ali Ardashir Larijani is an Iranian philosopher, politician and the chairman of the Iranian parliament. Larijani was the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from August 15, 2005 to October 20, 2007, appointed to the position by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad,replacing Hassan Rowhani...

  12. Mirsalim, Mostafa
  13. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  14. Nouri, Abdullah, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  15. Nabavi, Morteza
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Lt. General
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi
    Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani
    Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani is an Iranian politician who has been a member of the Expediency Discernment Council since 1997. Before that he served as vice president in charge of executive affairs during the presidency of his older brother, Hojatoleslam Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, and later...

  20. Nourbakhsh, Mohsen
    Mohsen Nourbakhsh
    Seyed Mohsen Nourbakhsh was an Iranian economist, most famous as Governor of the Central Bank of Iran and the former Minister of Economic and Finance of Iran.-Personal Life and Education:...

  21. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim
  22. Mohsen Rezaee
    Mohsen Rezaee
    Mohsen Rezaee Mirgha'ed, also spelled Rezai and Rezaie , born Sabzevar Rezaee Mirgha'ed , is an Iranian politician, economist and former military commander, currently the Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran...


Ex-officio members:
  1. President: Khatami, Mohammad
    Mohammad Khatami
    Sayyid Mohammad Khātamī is an Iranian scholar, philosopher, Shiite theologian and Reformist politician. He served as the fifth President of Iran from August 2, 1997 to August 3, 2005. He also served as Iran's Minister of Culture in both the 1980s and 1990s...

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  2. Majlis Speaker: Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri, Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

    followed by Karroubi, Mehdi
    Mehdi Karroubi
    Mehdi Karroubi is an influential Iranian reformist politician, democracy activist, mojtahed, and chairman of the National Trust Party. He was Chairman of the parliament from 1989 to 1992 and 2000 to 2004, and a presidential candidate in the 2005 and 2009 presidential elections.He is a founding...

    , Hojatoleslam
    Hojatoleslam
    Hujjat al-Islam is an honorific title meaning "authority on Islam" or "proof of Islam", given to Twelver Shī‘ah clerics...

  3. Judiciary Chief: Yazdi, Mohammad
    Mohammad Yazdi
    Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdii is an Iranian cleric who served as the head of Judiciary System of Iran between 1989 and 1999, following Ayatollah Abdolkarim Mousavi Ardebili and succeeded by Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi....

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

    followed by Hashemi Shahroudi, Mahmoud, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
    • Clergy members of Guardians Council at one point:
  5. Jannati, Ahmad
    Ahmad Jannati
    Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati Massah is a hardline Iranian politician, fundamentalist Shi'i cleric and a founding member of Haghani school with close ties with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Mesbah-Yazdi...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  6. Ostadi, Reza
    Reza Ostadi
    Ayatollah Reza Ostadi Moghadam is a member of the Expediency Discernment Council and the Assembly of Experts of the Islamic Republic of Iran...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  7. Rezvani, Gholamreza
    Gholamreza Rezvani
    Ayatollah Gholamreza Rezvani is a member of the powerful Council of Guardians in the Islamic Republic of Iran. He believes in literal interpretation of Quran, hadith, and sunnah and has argued that there is "no substitute" for stoning adulterers.-See also:...

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  8. Mo'men, Mohammad, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  9. Yazdi, Mohammad
    Mohammad Yazdi
    Ayatollah Mohammad Yazdii is an Iranian cleric who served as the head of Judiciary System of Iran between 1989 and 1999, following Ayatollah Abdolkarim Mousavi Ardebili and succeeded by Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi....

    , Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...

  10. Taheri Khoram-Abadi, Hasan, Ayatollah
    Ayatollah
    Ayatollah is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies such as jurisprudence, ethics, and philosophy and usually teach in Islamic seminaries. The next lower clerical rank is Hojatoleslam wal-muslemin...



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