Dale Dike Reservoir

Dale Dike Reservoir

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Dale Dike Reservoir
Reservoir
A reservoir , artificial lake or dam is used to store water.Reservoirs may be created in river valleys by the construction of a dam or may be built by excavation in the ground or by conventional construction techniques such as brickwork or cast concrete.The term reservoir may also be used to...

or Dale Dyke Reservoir , famous for causing the Great Sheffield Flood
Great Sheffield Flood
Not to be confused with the floods in Sheffield in 2007.The Great Sheffield Flood was a flood that devastated parts of Sheffield, England, on 11 March 1864, when the Dale Dyke Dam broke.- Collapse of Dale Dyke Dam :...

, is in the north-east Peak District
Peak District
The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, lying mainly in northern Derbyshire, but also covering parts of Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Staffordshire, and South and West Yorkshire....

, in the City of Sheffield South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. It has a population of 1.29 million. It consists of four metropolitan boroughs: Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham, and City of Sheffield...

, England, a mile (1.6 km) west of Bradfield
Bradfield, South Yorkshire
Bradfield is a village and civil parish in the City of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated in the Peak District. Bradfield itself is divided into two settlements, High Bradfield atop a hill and Low Bradfield in the valley of the River Loxley.Bradfield is the largest parish in...

, eight miles (13 km) from the centre of Sheffield
Sheffield
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. Its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, and with some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely...

, on the Dale Dike, a tributary of the River Loxley
River Loxley
The River Loxley is a river in the City of Sheffield South Yorkshire, England. Its source is a series of streams which rise some to the north-west of Sheffield on Bradfield Moors, and converge at Low Bradfield...

.

Along with three other reservoirs around the village of Bradfield - Agden
Agden Reservoir
Agden Reservoir is a water storage reservoir, situated at grid reference , west of the centre of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. It is owned by Yorkshire Water which is part of the Kelda Group...

, Damflask
Damflask Reservoir
Damflask Reservoir is an English water feature situated at grid reference five miles west of the centre of Sheffield in the Loxley valley close to the village of Low Bradfield and within the city's boundaries...

 and Strines
Strines Reservoir
Strines Reservoir is a water storage reservoir situated at , it lies west of the centre of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England.-Construction:...

 - it was constructed between 1859 and 1864 by the Sheffield Waterworks Company to guarantee a supply of water to power the mills downstream and to supply drinking water to the growing population of Sheffield
Sheffield
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. Its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, and with some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely...

.

Sheffield Flood



In 1864 the newly-built dam failed, causing the Great Sheffield Flood
Great Sheffield Flood
Not to be confused with the floods in Sheffield in 2007.The Great Sheffield Flood was a flood that devastated parts of Sheffield, England, on 11 March 1864, when the Dale Dyke Dam broke.- Collapse of Dale Dyke Dam :...

, which caused massive damage downstream along the Loxley and Don and through the centre of Sheffield. There were 244 fatalities.

The new dam


The dam was rebuilt in 1875 and is still in use, holding 446 million impgals (2,027,556.1 m³) of water, now used exclusively for domestic purposes. It is owned by Yorkshire Water
Yorkshire Water
Yorkshire Water is a water supply and treatment utility company servicing West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire, part of North Lincolnshire, most of North Yorkshire and part of Derbyshire, in England. The company has its origins in the Yorkshire Water Authority, one of ten...

, part of the Kelda Group
Kelda Group
Kelda Group is a British utility company. It is based in Bradford, England. It was formerly listed on the London Stock Exchange and a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, but was taken private by a group of investors in 2008.-History:...

.