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The Cruelty to Animals Act 1835
was an Act
An Act of Parliament is a statute enacted as primary legislation by a national or sub-national parliament. In the Republic of Ireland the term Act of the Oireachtas is used, and in the United States the term Act of Congress is used.In Commonwealth countries, the term is used both in a narrow...
of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories, located in London...
(citation 5 & 6 Will. 4, c. 59), which was intended to protect animals from mistreatment.
The British legal action to protect animals began with the passing of the Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822
The Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the long title "An Act to prevent the cruel and improper Treatment of Cattle"; it is sometimes known as Martin's Act, after the MP and animal rights campaigner Richard Martin. It was one of the first...
to Prevent Cruel and Improper Treatment of Cattle. The 1835 Act amended the existing legislation to include (as 'cattle') bulls, dogs, bears and sheep, to prohibit bear-baiting
Bear-baiting is a blood sport involving the worrying or tormenting of bears.-Bear-baiting in England:Bear-baiting was popular in England until the nineteenth century. From the sixteenth century, many herds of bears were maintained for baiting...
and cockfighting, which facilitated further legislation to protect animals, create shelters, veterinary hospitals and more humane transportation and slaughter. It did not extend protection to wild animals.
The law was passed in part due to lobbying by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is a charity in England and Wales that promotes animal welfare. In 2009 the RSPCA investigated 141,280 cruelty complaints and collected and rescued 135,293 animals...
(founded 1824). The Act was repealed and replaced by the Cruelty to Animals Act 1849
The Cruelty to Animals Act 1849 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the long title An Act for the more effectual Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The Act repealed two previous Acts, the Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822 and the Cruelty to Animals Act 1835, and reiterated the...
12 & 13 Vict. c. 92.
The act was briefly mentioned in the 7th episode of anime series Black Butler.