is a city in Brown County
, South Dakota
South Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux American Indian tribes. Once a part of Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. The state has an area of and an estimated population of just over...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 136 at the 2010 census
The Twenty-third United States Census, known as Census 2010 or the 2010 Census, is the current national census of the United States. National Census Day was April 1, 2010 and is the reference date used in enumerating individuals...
Columbia is located at 45°36′41"N 98°18′43"W (45.611364, -98.311929).
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²), all of it land.
Columbia has been assigned the ZIP code
ZIP codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service since 1963. The term ZIP, an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan, is properly written in capital letters and was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently, and therefore more quickly, when senders use the...
57433 and the FIPS place code 13420.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 140 people, 65 households, and 39 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 88.8 people per square mile (34.2/km²). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 48.2 per square mile (18.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.57% White and 1.43% Native American.
There were 65 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,125, and the median income for a family was $27,813. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the city was $17,967. There were 10.6% of families and 13.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including 13.8% of under eighteens and 5.9% of those over 64.