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The Cippus Perusinus
is a stone tablet discovered on the hill of San Marco, near Perugia
Perugia is the capital city of the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the River Tiber, and the capital of the province of Perugia. The city is located about north of Rome. It covers a high hilltop and part of the valleys around the area....
, Italy, in 1822. The tablet bears 46 lines of Etruscan
The Etruscan language was spoken and written by the Etruscan civilization, in what is present-day Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria and in parts of Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna...
text exquisitely carved into it. This stone tablet is a memorial stele.
The cippus is assumed to be a text dedicating a legal contract between the Etruscan families of Velthina (from Perugia) and Afuna (from Chiusi
Chiusi is a town and comune in province of Siena, Tuscany, Italy.-History:It was one of the more powerful among the Etruscan 12‑city confederation...
), regarding the sharing or use of a property upon which there was a tomb belonging to the noble Velthinas.
The date of the inscription is considered to be 3rd or 2nd century BCE. The Cippus is conserved in the National Archeological Museum of Perugia.
- Teurat tan-na larezu-l am-e vaχr.
- Lautn Velθina-ś, eśt-la Afuna-s, spel eθ car-u tezan,
- fuśler-i tesn-ś tei-ś Raśne-ś ipa am-a hen.
- Naper XII Velthinaθur-aś ar-aś,
- peraścem-ul mlesc-ul, zuci enesc-i ep-l, tular-u.
- Aule-śi, Velθina-ś Arnza-l, clen-śi,
- θi-i θi-l ścuna cen-u, epl=c feli=c Larθal-ś Afuni-ś,
- clan, θunχul θe fala-ś.
- Χi=em fuśl-e, Velθina hinθa cap-e, muni=cle-t, mas-u,
- naper śran=c zl, θi-i falś-ti.
- Veltina hut naper penez-ś mas-u.
- Acnina cl-el Afuna, Velθina mler zin-ia.
- In temam-er cn-l Velθina zi-a śaten-e tesn-e,
- Eca Velθinaθur-aś θaura hel-u tesn-e Raśn-e ce-i.
- Tesn-ś tei-ś Raśne-ś χimθ, śpel θuta ścu-na, Afuna men-a hen.
- Naper ci cn-l har-e ut-uś-e.
- Velθina śatena zuci enesc-i ipa spelane-θi fulum-χva.
- spel-θi, rene-θi.
- Esta=c Velθina, acil-un-e, tur-un-e, ścu-n-e.
- Ze-a zuci enesc-i aθumi=cś.
- Afuna-ś penθ-na am-a.
- Velθina, Afun[a]θur, un-i ei-n zeri, una cla θi-l θunχulθ-l.
- Iχ ca ceχa ziχ-uχ-e.
- Etruscan civilization
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- Tyrrhenian languages
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- Pyrgi Tablets
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- Tabula Cortonensis
The Tabula Cortonensis is a 2200-year-old, bronze artifact of Etruscan origin, discovered in Cortona, Italy. It may record for posterity the details of an ancient real estate transaction which took place in the ancient Tuscan city of Cortona, known to the Etruscans as Curtun...