Carl Darling Buck
born in Bucksport, Maine, was an American
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
He graduated from Yale
Yale University is a private, Ivy League university located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States. Founded in 1701 in the Colony of Connecticut, the university is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States...
in 1886, was a graduate student there for three years, and studied at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens
Athens , is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state...
(1887-1889) and in Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...
In 1892 he became professor of Sanskrit
Sanskrit , is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.Buddhism: besides Pali, see Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand...
and Indo-European comparative philology
The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects, including most major current languages of Europe, the Iranian plateau, and South Asia and also historically predominant in Anatolia...
at the University of Chicago
The University of Chicago is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It was founded by the American Baptist Education Society with a donation from oil magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller and incorporated in 1890...
, and was later named Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor of Comparative Philology.
In his early career, he concentrated on the Italic dialects
The Italic subfamily is a member of the Indo-European language family. It includes the Romance languages derived from Latin , and a number of extinct languages of the Italian Peninsula, including Umbrian, Oscan, Faliscan, and Latin.In the past various definitions of "Italic" have prevailed...
, including among his published work, Der Vocalismus der oskischen Sprache
(1892), The Oscan-Umbrian Verb-System
(1895), and Grammar of Oscan and Umbrian, with a collection of inscriptions and a glossary
(1904), and a précis
of the Italic languages in Johnson's Universal Cyclopaedia
. He collaborated with W.G. Hale
William Gardner Hale , American classical scholar, was born in Savannah, Georgia to a resident New England family.Hale was a graduate of Phillips Exeter Academy...
in the preparation of A Latin Grammar
Later, he worked extensively on the Greek
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history;...
dialects, publishing: The Greek dialects; grammar, selected inscriptions, glossary
(1910), Comparative grammar of Greek and Latin
(1933); and on more general Indo-European issues.
His Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages
was called by Calvert Watkins
Calvert Watkins is a professor Emeritus of linguistics and the classics at Harvard University and professor-in-residence at UCLA.His doctoral dissertation, Indo-European Origins of the Celtic Verb I...
"a treasure house of words, word origins, expressions, and ideas..., a monument to a great American scholar".
Many of Buck's books went through multiple editions, and several are still in print.
- Carl Darling Buck, A Grammar of Oscan and Umbrian on the Internet Archive
The Internet Archive is a non-profit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge". It offers permanent storage and access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, music, moving images, and nearly 3 million public domain books. The Internet Archive...