The Polícia Federal
is the federal police force of Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...
subordinate to the Ministry of Justice, whose main assignments are the investigations of crimes against the Federal Government or its organs and companies, the combat of international drug trafficking and terrorism, and immigration and border control police (including airports and water police).
In March 1944, the former capital of the Republic, Rio de Janeiro, the police of the Federal District was transformed into the Federal Department of Public Safety ("Departamento Federal de Segurança Pública", in Portuguese
Portuguese is a Romance language that arose in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia, nowadays Galicia and Northern Portugal. The southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia became independent as the County of Portugal in 1095...
, or simply DFSP). Despite its name change the DFSP only served in the Federal District
Federal districts are a type of administrative division of a federation, under the direct control of a federal government. They exist in various countries and states all over the world.-United States:...
, but acted at the national level only at the maritime police, and air borders.
In the first half of 1946 the DFSP mission was extended to the whole country, especially in some cases, such as the illegal trade of narcotics and crimes against public faith, when the interest of National Finance. However, IAW the new 18 September Constitution, the states have given powers to meet their needs of government and administration, is considered a kind of limited autonomy that the existence of a security with national performance.
With the move of the Federal Capital in 1960, the DFSP moved to Brasilia, also providing the state of Guanabara their public security services, and much of its effective. Due to the shortage of staff, the DFSP had to be restructured, following the model police in England, the United States and Canada and will have, effectively, tasks throughout the Brazilian territory from 16/11/64, day edition of the Law No. 4483 and up to date now celebrated as its largest. Also in 1967, the DFSP changed its name to the Department of Federal Police - DPF through art.210 of Decree-Law No. 200 of 25/02/67.
With an area of expertise that covers all national territory, the Federal Police Department has a modern and functional structure that enables planning, coordination and centralized control and decentralized execution. Its current structure allows for excellent performance, and encourages integration with the various federal government agencies.
The Director-General provides accounting and technical support agencies in Brasilia, entrusted with the tasks of planning, coordination and control.
For the operational activities, the DPF has 27 regional superintendents, 54 Federal Police Delegations called Delegacias, 12 outposts, 02 maritime bases and 02 bases inland waterways.
Tactical Operations Command
The COT (Comando de Operações Táticas) of the Departamento de Polícia Federal - was created in 1987 by the Ministry of Justice through the Federal Police Department - DPF with a mission of responding to terrorist attacks inside the country. To do so, its members were trained in technical and tactical units of the Special Armed Forces in Brazil and abroad - in special units in the U.S. , France and Germany (especially by GSG-9). Today, this elite force for armed action plays a large range of operations.
Throughout its existence, the COT has participated in several rescues of hostages for hijacking aircraft and many other missions at risk, such as drug seizure in the country, tons by the way, expropriation actions, rural conflicts, VIP security, and also dismantling criminal organizations.
To belong to the COT you must be a Police Officer or Police Chief. The occupants of the offices of Registrar and Papiloscopista from outside the COT because of the lack of servers working in these posts. The training involving tactical and physical disciplines are practiced with the same intensity for all positions in the Training Course of the National Police Academy - ANP.
The headquarters of the COT is in Brasilia, in an area of 40 thousand square meters, located in Police Sector South, which sends players on missions to Brazil.
Aviation Operations Coordinator
The CAOP (Aviation Operations Coordinator) is a unit of federal police agents responsible for transportation to anywhere in the country, besides the air support operations to the Federal Police.
Was established in 1986 , because the demand for transportation to any place, quickly, and the need for air support in the actions and tactics without having to depend on the Armed Forces.
In 1995 the corporation had the name of advising operational issues when he received three aircraft, two Bell 412 and an HB-350 Squirrel. Already in 1996 the Office became the Division of Aviation Operations. In the year 1999 the unit won these assignments and in 2001 finally received the current designation of CAOP.
It is planned that by 2011, is built a second basis for CAOP. The base will be installed in the Amazon, and for that he is in the process of acquiring two Bell 412 and a Cessna Caravan 208B.
The unit is divided into two squadrons, one fixed-wing and the other rotorcraft.
Its current fleet includes:
| Helibras AS.350B2 Esquilo
| Helibras AS.355N Esquilo
| Bell 412
The Bell 412 is a utility helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter. It is a development of the Bell 212 model, the major difference being the composite four-blade main rotor.-Design and development:...
|| 2 More of this model in the procurement process
| Embraer ERJ-145
|| One of operates in conjunction with the National Public Security Force
The National Public Security Force , created in 2004, is a joint cooperation of various Brazilian Public Safety forces, co-ordinated by the National Secretariat of Public Safety , of the Ministry of Justice...
| Cessna Caravan 208B
The Cessna 208 Caravan is a single turboprop engine, fixed-gear short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft built in the United States by Cessna. The airplane typically seats nine passengers, with a single person crew, although with a FAR Part 23 waiver, it can seat up to fourteen passengers...
|| Another is planned to be purchased.
| Neiva NE-821 Carajá
| Beech King Air
| IAI Heron
The IAI Heron is a Medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle developed by the Malat division of Israel Aerospace Industries. It is capable of Medium Altitude Long Endurance operations of up to 52 hours' duration at up to 35,000 feet...
|| 15 in order
The Federal Police Department issues all agents graduating from the National Police Academy a Glock 17 or Glock 19 or Glock 26 according to the agent's preference. Other equipment include the recent acquired G36
The Heckler & Koch G36 is a 5.56×45mm assault rifle, designed in the early 1990s by Heckler & Koch in Germany as a replacement for the 7.62mm G3 battle rifle. It was accepted into service with the Bundeswehr in 1997, replacing the G3...
K and the H&K MG4
- National Prison Department
- Brazilian Federal Highway Police
The Brazilian Federal Highway Police is a federal law enforcement agency, subordinate to the Ministry of Justice, whose main function is fighting crime on Brazilian federal roads and highways, as well as monitoring and supervising vehicular traffic, although it has also taken on duties that go...
- Brazilian Federal Railroad Police
- Military Police of Brazilian States
- Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State
The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State like other military polices in Brazil is a reserve and ancillary force of the Brazilian Army, and part of the System of Public Security and Brazilian Social Protection...
- Law enforcement in Brazil
- Civil Police of Brazilian States
- Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State
The Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State is the police force responsible for criminal investigations in Rio de Janeiro - Brazil...