The Avenue du Maréchal de Saxe
(or Avenue de Saxe
) is a broad avenue located in the 3rd
The 3rd arrondissement of Lyon is one of the nine arrondissements of the City of Lyon.-Demography:* 2006: 88,755 inhab* 2007: 89,000 inhab...
and the 6th arrondissements of Lyon
The 6th arrondissement of Lyon is one of the nine arrondissements of the City of Lyon and one of the poshest.This zone is served by the metro lines , and Tramway T3-Streets and squares:* Boulevard des Belges* Rue de Créqui* Rue Duguesclin...
. It was named after Maurice de Saxe, Marshal of France.
Architecture and description
This avenue starts perpendicularly with the Cours Gambetta and ends with the Cours Lafayette. Very large and busy, it is one of the main route of the 3rd arrondissement of Lyon, mostly surrounded by beautiful buildings dating from Haussmann's 19th century, bordered with two rows of plane trees. There are often sculptures and decorations on the doors of buildings. Part of the street formed the Avenue Jean-Jaurès.
From No. 52 to No. 56, there is a group of 1880s facades with carved heads. At Nos. 55-57, the Palace of the Automobile has an Art Deco
Art deco , or deco, is an eclectic artistic and design style that began in Paris in the 1920s and flourished internationally throughout the 1930s, into the World War II era. The style influenced all areas of design, including architecture and interior design, industrial design, fashion and...
architecture. A white stone castle, surrounded by a small wooden house, can be seen after rue Servient. Then there are some small old buildings among many 20th-century reconstructions. There is a tower at the corner of the rue Rabelais, and another one of six floors at the corner with rue Villeroy. The Consulate of Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso – also known by its short-form name Burkina – is a landlocked country in west Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the southwest.Its size is with an estimated...
is also present in the avenue. The Théatre Tête d'Or, built in 1925, replaced La Cigale Hall on 10 September 2001 at number 60.
The southern part of the street displays an almost continuous frontage of shopping venues.
This is a great shopping street with mostly clothing and food stores, bookstores, restaurants, doctors' offices ... The street is famous for its four-day flea market
A flea market or swap meet is a type of bazaar where inexpensive or secondhand goods are sold or bartered. It may be indoors, such as in a warehouse or school gymnasium; or it may be outdoors, such as in a field or under a tent...
per year, named Saxe. It is also among the most expensive and the noisiest streets of Lyon.
Alongside the Avenue du Maréchal Foch, the street was in the Brotteaux quarter
Les Brotteaux is a quarter in the 6th arrondissement of Lyon. It is situated between the Rhône and the track railway which leads to the Gare de la Part-Dieu. The urbanization of this area began in the late eighteenth century under the leadership of architect and urban planner Jean-Antoine Morand...
one of the major components of the map established by French architect Jean-Antoine Morand, who had planned it as a wide avenue with trees. The current name of the street was given in 1825.
The northern part was opened in the early 19th century, then extended at the south during the Second Empire. In 1856, there were very significant flooding which caused damage to houses which were replaced by buildings. Architect Joseph-Dominique Moreau rebuild many of them in the street. At number 139, a plaque indicates that French aerospace engineer Charles Voisin was born there, on 12 July 1882. In 1902, the Masonic Order of Mopse was active in the avenue. In the 19th century, Baron, writer and scholar Achille Raverat and architect Darfeuille were among famous inhabitants of this street. All numbers of buildings were changed in 1930 to start at number 1. From 1968, French television host Simone Garnier has lived in the avenue.
One of the most sophisticated bathhouse
Bathhouse may refer to* Public bathing, historical public baths* Gay bathhouse, a place where males, typically homosexuals, go to have sex with other customers...
s was planned in this avenue in 1892 by F. Defoug, with a standard laundry and even a nursery
A nursery is usually, in American connotations, a bedroom within a house or other dwelling set aside for an infant or toddler. A typical nursery would contain a crib , a table or platform for the purpose of changing diapers , as well as various items required for the care of the child...
. In the nineteenth century, there was at No. 72 a beautiful stained glass
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works produced from it. Throughout its thousand-year history, the term has been applied almost exclusively to the windows of churches and other significant buildings...
made by E. Flachat in 1904. In 1910, at the corner with the Cours Lafayette, a first light column was placed, being initiated by the Société des colonnes à réclames mobiles et lumineuses, Ferrer & Cie, in Paris.