is the Norman
Norman is a Romance language and one of the Oïl languages. Norman can be classified as one of the northern Oïl languages along with Picard and Walloon...
dialect of the Pays d'Auge
The Pays d'Auge is an area in Normandy, straddling the départements of Calvados and Orne . The chief town is Lisieux.-Geography:Generally it consists of the basin of the Touques River....
. It is highly endangered. This dialect includes both coastal and inland areas.
Augeron can be characterised by means of its position within the isogloss
An isogloss—also called a heterogloss —is the geographical boundary of a certain linguistic feature, such as the pronunciation of a vowel, the meaning of a word, or use of some syntactic feature...
es that traverse the Norman-speaking territory. Situated near the division between Lower and Upper Normandy, it can be described as transitional, displaying as it does features typical of western and eastern dialects.
Augeron lies north of the Joret line
The Joret line is an isogloss used in the linguistics of the langues d'oïl. Dialects north of the line have preserved Vulgar Latin and before ; dialects south of the line have palatalized and before . This palatalization gave Old French and , then modern French and...
and therefore shares unpalatalised /ka/ (example: cat
= cat) and palatalised /kj/ (example: chinq
= five) with the northern dialects from the insular varieties and Cotentinais in the west to Cauchois in the east.
It lies west of the isogloss /ji/ - /je/ (example: muchi
= conceal). It is at the easternmost boundary of the Norman dialects displaying this feature.
By contrast, it lies east of the isogloss /l/ - /j/ (example: plache
= place). It is near the westernmost boundary of the Norman dialects displaying this feature.
Along with other northern dialects it displays a strongly aspirated (sometimes guttural) realisation of /h/.
Compared to the insular varieties, Cotentinais and Cauchois, there has not been a long and well-documented literary tradition in Augeron.
Gaston Lerévérend (1885–1962), born in Saint-Paul-de-Courtonne, wrote in Augeron. Collections of his poetry include L'hus entrebâyei
, and L'hus bâyi
Roger Dubos (1906–1994) although born in Pont-Audemer
Pont-Audemer is a commune in the Eure department in the Haute-Normandie region in northern France.-Population:-Sights:The commune was spared substantial damage to its historic buildings during the Battle of Normandy. Nowadays the half-timbered buildings and the canals running between them are a...
and therefore a representative of the dialect at its eastern boundaries, published a Dictionnaire du patois normand
(called Le petit Roger
) and a collection of stories in French and Norman (Augeron): Nous autres Parisiens... Vôs z-ât' Paysans
Newspapers and magazines have published literature in Augeron. Le Pays d'Auge
published in 1958 a story in the Honfleur
Honfleur is a commune in the Calvados department in northwestern France. It is located on the southern bank of the estuary of the Seine across from le Havre and very close to the exit of the Pont de Normandie...
dialect: Maître Ursin rev'nant!
. Christian Lambert (pen name: Maît'Jules) published over 600 columns in a gallicised Augeron in L'Éveil de Lisieux
. Some of these columns were collected in a book Radotages de Maît'Jules