Al-Hasa

Al-Hasa

Overview
Al-Ahsa is the largest governorate
Governorates of Saudi Arabia
||Governorates are the second level of regional administration within Saudi Arabia. Each of Saudi Arabia's 13 emirates is sub-divided into governorates. Governorates are further sub-divided into sub-governorates , though some sub-governorates report directly to the emirate capital rather than to...

 in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

's Eastern Province, named after Al-Ahsa oasis
Al-Hasa
Al-Ahsa is the largest governorate in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province, named after Al-Ahsa oasis. The name Al-Ahsa is also given to the biggest city in the region, Hofuf. In classic Arabic, Ahsa means the sound of water underground. It has one of the largest oases in the world with Date Palms of...

. The name Al-Ahsa is also given to the biggest city in the region, Hofuf
Hofuf
Al-Hofuf is the major urban center in the Al-Ahsa Oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.- Overview :...

. In classic Arabic, Ahsa means the sound of water underground. It has one of the largest oases
Oasis
In geography, an oasis or cienega is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source...

 in the world with Date Palms of the best in the world, the oasis is located about 60 km inland from the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.The Persian Gulf was the focus of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers...

. All urban areas are located in the traditional oasis of Al-Hasa
Al-Hasa
Al-Ahsa is the largest governorate in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province, named after Al-Ahsa oasis. The name Al-Ahsa is also given to the biggest city in the region, Hofuf. In classic Arabic, Ahsa means the sound of water underground. It has one of the largest oases in the world with Date Palms of...

.
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Encyclopedia
Al-Ahsa is the largest governorate
Governorates of Saudi Arabia
||Governorates are the second level of regional administration within Saudi Arabia. Each of Saudi Arabia's 13 emirates is sub-divided into governorates. Governorates are further sub-divided into sub-governorates , though some sub-governorates report directly to the emirate capital rather than to...

 in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

's Eastern Province, named after Al-Ahsa oasis
Al-Hasa
Al-Ahsa is the largest governorate in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province, named after Al-Ahsa oasis. The name Al-Ahsa is also given to the biggest city in the region, Hofuf. In classic Arabic, Ahsa means the sound of water underground. It has one of the largest oases in the world with Date Palms of...

. The name Al-Ahsa is also given to the biggest city in the region, Hofuf
Hofuf
Al-Hofuf is the major urban center in the Al-Ahsa Oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.- Overview :...

. In classic Arabic, Ahsa means the sound of water underground. It has one of the largest oases
Oasis
In geography, an oasis or cienega is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source...

 in the world with Date Palms of the best in the world, the oasis is located about 60 km inland from the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.The Persian Gulf was the focus of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers...

. All urban areas are located in the traditional oasis of Al-Hasa
Al-Hasa
Al-Ahsa is the largest governorate in Saudi Arabia's Eastern Province, named after Al-Ahsa oasis. The name Al-Ahsa is also given to the biggest city in the region, Hofuf. In classic Arabic, Ahsa means the sound of water underground. It has one of the largest oases in the world with Date Palms of...

. In addition to the oasis, the county also includes the giant Empty Quarter
Empty Quarter
The Rub' al Khali or Empty Quarter is one of the largest sand deserts in the world, encompassing most of the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including most of Saudi Arabia and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The desert covers some The Rub' al Khali or Empty Quarter...

 desert, making it the largest county in Saudi Arabia in terms of area. The Empty Quarter has the world's largest oil fields and connects Saudi Arabia to Qatar
Qatar
Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...

, the UAE, and Oman
Oman
Oman , officially called the Sultanate of Oman , is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the...

. The Governorate's population is over 908,366 . Though the population is mixed between Sunnis and Shi'ites, it contains one of the largest concentrations of Twelvers (اثنا عشرية) Shi'ite Muslims in the predominantly Sunni Muslim country. In the past, Al-Ahsa belonged to the historical region known as Bahrain
Bahrain (historical region)
Bahrain is a historical region in eastern Arabia that was known as the Province of Bahrain until the 16th Century. It stretched from the south of Basra along the Persian Gulf coast and included the regions of Kuwait, Al-Hasa, Qatif, Qatar, and the Awal Islands, now known as Bahrain. The name...

, along with Qatif
Qatif
Qatif or Al-Qatif is a governorate and urban area located in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. It extends from Ras Tanura and Jubail in the north to Dammam in the south, and from the Persian Gulf in the east to King Fahd International Airport in the west...

 and the present-day Bahrain
Bahrain
' , officially the Kingdom of Bahrain , is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. It is ruled by the Al Khalifa royal family. The population in 2010 stood at 1,214,705, including 235,108 non-nationals. Formerly an emirate, Bahrain was declared a kingdom in 2002.Bahrain is...

 islands.

One campus of a major Saudi university, King Faisal University
King Faisal University
King Faisal University is a public university with the main campuse in the city of Hofuf in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia founded in 1975. KFU was initially established with four colleges: two in Dammam and the other two in Al-Hasa.-History:...

, founded in 1975, is located in Al-Ahsa with the faculties of agriculture, veterinary medicine and animal resources, with the other faculties in Dammam
Dammam
Dammam is the capital of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, the most oil-rich region in the world. The judicial and administrative bodies of the province and several government departments are located in the city. Dammam is the largest city in the Eastern Province and third largest in Saudi...

. The Hofuf campus also has facilities where Saudi women can study medicine, dentistry and home economics. A big branch of Arab Open University
Arab Open University
Arab Open University is a non-profit private Pan-Arab university founded in 2002 in Kuwait, Jordan, and Lebanon. One year later it opened in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Oman. The AOU is affiliated with the UK Open University...

 which is a private university is also located in Al-Ahsa.

History


The Al-Ahsa has been inhabited since prehistoric times, due to its abundance of water.

899: Al-Ahsa comes under control of the Qarmatian leader, Al-Jannabi, and is declared independent from the Abbasids of Baghdad. The capital is Al-Mu'miniya (near modern Hofuf).

1000: Al-Ahsa is among the 10 largest cities on earth, with 110,000 inhabitants. http://geography.about.com/library/weekly/aa011201c.htm

1077: The Qarmatian state of Al-Ahsa is overthrown by the Uyunids.

1238: Usfurid
Usfurids
The Usfurids were an Arab dynasty that in 1253 gained control of eastern Arabia, including the islands of Bahrain, They were a branch of the Banu Uqayl tribe of the Banu Amir group, and are named after the dynasty’s founder, Usfur ibn Rashid. They were initially allies of the Qarmatians and their...

 dynasty takes over the region of Al-Ahsa and Al-Qatif.

1383: Usfurids are overthrown by the Jarwanids.

1440: The Jabrids
Jabrids
The Jabrids were a bedouin dynasty that dominated eastern Arabia in the 15th and 16th centuries. They were descendants of the tribe of Uqayl, a branch of Bani 'Amir.Their most prominent ruler was Ajwad ibn Zamil, who died in 1507...

 take over Al-Ahsa, Qatif, Bahrain
Bahrain
' , officially the Kingdom of Bahrain , is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. It is ruled by the Al Khalifa royal family. The population in 2010 stood at 1,214,705, including 235,108 non-nationals. Formerly an emirate, Bahrain was declared a kingdom in 2002.Bahrain is...

, and Kish Island, and extend their influence to eastern Nejd.

1521: Jabrid kingdom falls to the Muntafiq tribe of southern Iraq
Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

, who rule Al-Ahsa on behalf of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

. The Ottomans station their garrisons in the region.

1670: the Ottomans are expelled by the tribe of Banu Khalid, who make their capital in Al-Mubarraz.

1795: Conquered by Saudi troops during the formation of the First Saudi State
First Saudi State
The First Saudi State was established in the year 1744 when imam Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and Prince Muhammad ibn Saud formed an alliance to establish a religious & political sovereignty determined to cleanse the Arabian Peninsula of heretical practices and deviations from orthodox Islam...

.

1818: Reconquered by the Ottoman Empire by Ottoman Egyptian forces overthrowing the First Saudi State
First Saudi State
The First Saudi State was established in the year 1744 when imam Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and Prince Muhammad ibn Saud formed an alliance to establish a religious & political sovereignty determined to cleanse the Arabian Peninsula of heretical practices and deviations from orthodox Islam...

 in the process and granting the local tribe of Banu Khalid self rule.

1830: Comes under the control of the Second Saudi State
Second Saudi State
The Second Saudi State existed during the 19th century when the rule of the House of Saud was restored to central and eastern Arabia after having previously been brought down by an Ottoman-Egyptian invasion in 1818...

.

1871: The Second Saudi Dynasty
Second Saudi State
The Second Saudi State existed during the 19th century when the rule of the House of Saud was restored to central and eastern Arabia after having previously been brought down by an Ottoman-Egyptian invasion in 1818...

 loses the region to the Ottoman Empire again; however, this time it is directly ruled from Bagdad instead of by tribe of Banu Khalid under self rule has had been the case in the past during Ottoman ownerships.

1913: King Abdulaziz Al Saud conquers Al-Ahsa Oasis, annexing it into his Kingdom of Najd
Najd
Najd or Nejd , literally Highland, is the central region of the Arabian Peninsula.-Boundaries :The Arabic word nejd literally means "upland" and was once applied to a variety of regions within the Arabian Peninsula...

. (This is recognised in the Treaty of Sèvres
Treaty of Sèvres
The Treaty of Sèvres was the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was signed with Germany before this treaty to annul the German concessions including the economic rights and enterprises. Also, France, Great Britain and Italy...

 signed in 1920 with the other official partitionings of the Ottoman Empire.)

1932: Al-Ahsa becomes part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, under the King Abdulaziz.

1930s: Huge petroleum deposits are discovered near Dammam
Dammam
Dammam is the capital of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, the most oil-rich region in the world. The judicial and administrative bodies of the province and several government departments are located in the city. Dammam is the largest city in the Eastern Province and third largest in Saudi...

, resulting in rapid modernization for the region.

Early 1960s: The oil fields in Al-Ahsa reach the production level of 1 million barrels per day.

Population and economy


According to 2005 estimate, Al-Ahsa has over 908,000 people. All are Muslims from both Sunnah
Sunnah
The word literally means a clear, well trodden, busy and plain surfaced road. In the discussion of the sources of religion, Sunnah denotes the practice of Prophet Muhammad that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the sharī‘ah and the best exemplar...

 and Shi'a Islam. Over the centuries, residents of the oasis have included the Banu Abdul Qays, the Banu Uqayl
Banu Uqayl
Banu Uqayl are an ancient Arab tribe that played an important role in the history of eastern Arabia and Iraq. They belonged to the Banu Ka'b branch of the large Banu 'Amir confederation....

, and the Bani Khalid
Bani Khalid
.'Bani Khalid'. is an Arab tribal confederation of eastern and central Arabia. The tribe dominated the eastern region of modern-day Saudi Arabia from 1670 to 1793, and again under the auspices of the Ottoman Empire for a brief period in the early 19th century...

.

Oil production and agriculture are the two main economic activities of the Al-Ahsa. Al-Ahsa is the home of some of the richest oil fields in the world.

Natural fresh-water springs have surfaced in the region for millennia, encouraging human habitation and agricultural efforts (date palm
Date Palm
The date palm is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf. It is a medium-sized plant, 15–25 m tall, growing singly or forming a clump with...

 cultivation especially) since prehistoric times. The Saudi Ministry of Agriculture established a factory to process its rich date harvest at the rate of five tons daily. Other components of its agricultural output include rice, corn, citrus, and other fruits. In addition, intensive livestock raising, involving thousands of sheep, goats, cattle and camels and more than 15 major poultry farms producing more than 100 million eggs a year, make Al-Ahsa one of the major food producers for the kingdom.

Manufacturing—both the traditional small-scale cottage industry kind (e.g. the traditional mislah mantle and pottery) and large-scale industries such as cement and plastics—has also been strongly encouraged

Palm trees in Al-Ahsa


The Al-Ahsa region is boasting over 10 million palm trees. The Ministry of Agriculture has set up a factory to process its rich output of dates, amounting to five tons daily.

Main cities

  • Al-Hofuf is the capital city of the Al-Ahsa province and has many traditional markets.
  • Al-Mubarraz (also spelled Al-Mobarraz), in Arabic المبرز, is one of the two main cities of the governorate.
  • Al-Oyoon (also spelled Al-Uyoon or Al-Oyoun)
  • Al-Omran (also spelled Al-Umran), in Arabic العمران, has an area of more than 6 km² and a population of more than 49,000 (in 1997). It consists of about 17 villages, including Al-Hutah, Al-Rumailah
    Rumailah
    Rumailah is a small village in Saudi Arabia on the eastern side of Al-Ahsa. It has an estimated population of over 12,065 . It is bordered by Omran, Murkaz, Dalwa and Huta. It is 350 km from Riyadh....

    , North Al-Omran, South Al-Omran, Ghomsi, Al-Ulayyah, Abu Al-Hasa, Abu Thur, Al-Sayayrah, Al-Suwydrah, Al-Aramyah, Fariq Al-Raml, Wasit, Al- Shuwaikiah, Al-Sabaykh and Al-Nakheel. The Al-Sawab Club is situated in Al-Omran.
  • Shaybah
    Shaybah
    Shaybah is a major crude oil producing site in Saudi Arabia and is located approximately 40 km from the northern edge of the Rub' Al-Khali/Empty Quarter desert. It is located about 10 km south of the border to Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, which is a straight line drawn in the desert...

     (oil town in the Empty Quarter
    Empty Quarter
    The Rub' al Khali or Empty Quarter is one of the largest sand deserts in the world, encompassing most of the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including most of Saudi Arabia and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The desert covers some The Rub' al Khali or Empty Quarter...

    )

Villages


Al-Ahsa is a large area where a lot of villages and small towns are located. The villages are normally grouped into two main groups according to their relative location to the oasis. Although the villages lack big markets and/or hospitals, there are few good polyclinics and small markets. You can find small bank branches and automated teller machine
Automated teller machine
An automated teller machine or automatic teller machine, also known as a Cashpoint , cash machine or sometimes a hole in the wall in British English, is a computerised telecommunications device that provides the clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public...

s in many villages. Recently there have been a great improvement in road maintenance and re-construction of some main roads between villages and cities.
Al-Ahsa has about 50 villages, following is a list of some according to their location:

Eastern Villages


Here is an incomplete list (population in 1997):
  • Al-Taraf (+27,000) which is famous for its four hills and its small zoo. Al-Rumailah
    Rumailah
    Rumailah is a small village in Saudi Arabia on the eastern side of Al-Ahsa. It has an estimated population of over 12,065 . It is bordered by Omran, Murkaz, Dalwa and Huta. It is 350 km from Riyadh....

     (probably +12,020) It is famous because Al-Romailah was existed when the messenger Mohamed was alive.
  • Al-Holailah (+21,000)
  • Al-Battaliyah (+20,000)
  • Al-Shu'bah (+17,000)
  • Al-Omran (+49,000) which is a well-known village and has its own municipality
  • Al-Munaizlah (+17,000)
  • Al-Garah
    Al-Garah
    Al-Garah is a village in Al-Ahsa in Saudi Arabia .Al-Garah is well-known for its small mountain Jabl Al-Garah . Al-Garah is one of Al-Ahsa eastern villages and located about 11 km from Al-Hofuf.-Location:N 25° 24.544 E 049° 41.512or...

     (+13,000) which is well-known for its mountain Jabl Al-Garah
  • Al-Jafr
    Al-Jafr
    Al-Jafr is an important village in Al-Ahsa in Saudi Arabia. It is located about 10 km from Al-Hofuf and one of the eastern villages of Al-Ahsa. Unlike nearby villages Al-Jafr has some government offices like Al-Jafr police station...

     (+13,000) which is well known for its own police station and other government offices
  • Al-Kilabiyah
    Al-Kilabiyah
    Al-Kilabiyah is a village in eastern Saudi Arabia in Al-Ahsa and one of the eastern villages. It is located about 10 km from Al-Hofuf....

     (+12,000)
  • Al-Mansorah
    Al-Mansorah
    Al-Mansorah , is a village in eastern Saudi Arabia and one of eastern villages in Al-Ahsa. It is considered as one of the fast-growing villages of the Eastern-Region villages. Those villages consist of Al-Omran, Almunizha...etc. Al-Mansorah is almost always associated with Al-Shaharyn village...

     (+10,000)
  • Al-Towaithir (+8000)
  • Al-Fudhool (+8000)
  • Al-Markaz (+9000) (also spelled Al-Markez), in Arabic المركز, قرية المركز. It is about 15 km from Al-Hofuf.
  • Al-Hotah (Probably +7000)
  • BaniMa'an
  • Al-Dalwah
  • Al-Shahareen
  • Al-Sabat
  • AbuThor
  • Al-Turaibil
  • Al-Tuhaimiyah
  • Al-Mizawi
  • Al-Jeshah
    Al-Jeshah
    Al-Jeshah is a village in Al-Ahsa in Saudi Arabia and one of Al-Ahsa eastern villages. It is located about 12 km from Al-Hofuf....

    (+29,000)
  • Al-Jubail (+10,000).

Northern Villages


Here is an incomplete list:
  • Al-Gherain
  • Al-Mutairfi (+29,000) which is well-known for its natural springs
  • Al-Julaijlah
  • Al-Marah
  • Al-Garn
  • Al-Shigaig
  • Al-Wazziyah.


There are also other small villages.

Climate


Al-Ahsa has a dry, tropical climate, with a five month summer and a relatively cold winter. It enjoys the benefit of copious reserves of underground water which has allowed the area to develop its agricultural potential. Nevertheless, Al-Ahsa has to deal with tons of sand which the wind carries and deposits over the land. To counter this problem, the Kingdom has planted large barriers of trees to prevent the wind-borne sand from damaging inhabited and agricultural areas.

Historical and Recreation Sites


The second oldest mosque
Mosque
A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word is likely to have entered the English language through French , from Portuguese , from Spanish , and from Berber , ultimately originating in — . The Arabic word masjid literally means a place of prostration...

 in Islam, Jawatha Mosque
Jawatha Mosque
Jawatha Mosque is located in the village of Al-Kilabiyah, about 12km northeast of Hofuf, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. It was the earliest mosque built in east Arabia and most of the original structure is in ruins. The site is still used for prayer.It was built the in seventh year of hijra Jawatha...

, is reputed to be found here, as well, and several historic remnants of Ottoman Turkish
Ottoman Turks
The Ottoman Turks were the Turkish-speaking population of the Ottoman Empire who formed the base of the state's military and ruling classes. Reliable information about the early history of Ottoman Turks is scarce, but they take their Turkish name, Osmanlı , from the house of Osman I The Ottoman...

 influence can be seen in buildings such as Qasr Ibrahim and the Qasr Sahood.
Many pictures of old Al-Ahsa and the Eastern Province were taken by the Danish explorer and convert to Islam Knud Holmboe
Knud Holmboe
Knud Valdemar Gylding Holmboe was a Danish journalist and explorer who converted to Islam after travels in North Africa. Born in Horsens he travelled to Morocco as a young man, in order to familiarize himself with Islam and learn the Arabic language.Upon his conversion, Holmboe changed his name to...

 (1902–1931) in his travels through the Middle East.

Here is a list of some historical and recreation sites:

  • Jawatha Mosque
    Jawatha Mosque
    Jawatha Mosque is located in the village of Al-Kilabiyah, about 12km northeast of Hofuf, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. It was the earliest mosque built in east Arabia and most of the original structure is in ruins. The site is still used for prayer.It was built the in seventh year of hijra Jawatha...

     ( Arabic = مسجد جواثا ) is considered to be the second mosque built under Islam, the first being the mosque of the Prophet Muhammad
    Muhammad
    Muhammad |ligature]] at U+FDF4 ;Arabic pronunciation varies regionally; the first vowel ranges from ~~; the second and the last vowel: ~~~. There are dialects which have no stress. In Egypt, it is pronounced not in religious contexts...

    .


  • Uqair
    Uqair
    Uqair is an ancient fort of Islamic origin, located in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. It is alternatively spelled Al-'Uqair, Uqayr, and Ogair, all Latin transliterations of the same Arabic word. It has been linked by some to the ancient city of Gerrha mentioned in Greek and Roman sources...

     (Arabic = العقير) Seaport is situated on the Persian Gulf in eastern Al-Ahsa. It has lost its focal role as a fishing and transport site, and is now an outing place for people of the region.
  • Qasr Ibrahim (Arabic = قصر إبراهيم) is a castle built during Ottoman rule. It is located prominently in Al-Hofuf city.
  • Natural Springs like those in Umm Sabaa provides curative mineral water at a steady rate.
  • Jabl Al-Garah
    Al-Garah
    Al-Garah is a village in Al-Ahsa in Saudi Arabia .Al-Garah is well-known for its small mountain Jabl Al-Garah . Al-Garah is one of Al-Ahsa eastern villages and located about 11 km from Al-Hofuf.-Location:N 25° 24.544 E 049° 41.512or...

     (Arabic = جبل القارة) is a hill (locally called a mountain) in Al-Garah
    Al-Garah
    Al-Garah is a village in Al-Ahsa in Saudi Arabia .Al-Garah is well-known for its small mountain Jabl Al-Garah . Al-Garah is one of Al-Ahsa eastern villages and located about 11 km from Al-Hofuf.-Location:N 25° 24.544 E 049° 41.512or...

     a village of the same name offers visitors cool air in the summer months.


  • Qasr Sahood (Arabic = قصر صاهود) is a Palace built during Ottoman rule in the city of Al-Mubarraz.
  • Salwa Beach (Arabic = شاطىء سلوى) is sandy beach about 150 km from Al-Hofuf.
  • Al-Shu'ba Mountain (Arabic = جبل الشعبة ) .
  • Jabl Larba' (Arabic = جبل الأربع) are sandy hills about 21 km from Al-Hofuf on the way to Qatar
    Qatar
    Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...

     .
  • Al-Ahsa National Museum.
  • Al-Ahsa National Park located at Al-Omran town.

External links