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and since 1992 Naujasis Židinys-Aidai
and New Fireplace-Echoes
) is a magazine about Lithuania
Lithuania , officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the biggest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, whereby to the west lie Sweden and Denmark...
n culture and literature. It was established in Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...
, Germany, as a successor of the traditions of Naujoji Romuva
magazines published in interbellum Lithuania. Since 1992, Aidai
is published monthly in Lithuania.
In 1949, the editorial staff moved to the United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. Around the time first articles about politics and society appeared. In 1953, politics section was canceled. Among notable authors of the time were Kazys Bradūnas
Kazys Bradūnas was a Lithuanian émigré poet and editor. He was born in Kiršai, Vilkaviškis.He graduated from Vilnius University where he studied Lithuanian language and literature. During the post-war period he lived in Displaced Persons camps in Germany. In 1944 Bradūnas emigrated to the U.S.,...
and Juozas Girnius
Juozas Girnius was a Lithuanian existentialist philosopher. His philosophy combined existentialism, Catholicism, and Lithuanian nationalism. Together with Antanas Maceina and Stasys Šalkauskis, Girnius became a cornerstone of modern Lithuanian philosophy...
. First it was published monthly. It reduced publication to six times a year in 1982 and to four times a year in 1986. After Lithuania regained independence the magazine moved back to Lithuania in 1992. Here it merged with Naujasis Židinys
and was renamed to Naujasis Židinys-Aidai
. In 1994, publishing house Aidai
was established, publishing magazines and books.