The 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
(or 25th OVI
) was an infantry
Infantrymen are soldiers who are specifically trained for the role of fighting on foot to engage the enemy face to face and have historically borne the brunt of the casualties of combat in wars. As the oldest branch of combat arms, they are the backbone of armies...
A regiment is a major tactical military unit, composed of variable numbers of batteries, squadrons or battalions, commanded by a colonel or lieutenant colonel...
in the Union Army
The Union Army was the land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. It was also known as the Federal Army, the U.S. Army, the Northern Army and the National Army...
during the American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...
The 25th Ohio Infantry was organized at Camp Chase
Camp Chase was a military staging, training and prison camp in Columbus, Ohio, during the American Civil War. All that remains of the camp today is a Confederate cemetery containing 2,260 graves. The cemetery is located in what is now the Hilltop neighborhood of Columbus, Ohio.- History :Camp Chase...
in Columbus, Ohio
Columbus is the capital of and the largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio. The broader metropolitan area encompasses several counties and is the third largest in Ohio behind those of Cleveland and Cincinnati. Columbus is the third largest city in the American Midwest, and the fifteenth largest city...
and mustered in for three years service on June 28, 1861 under the command of Colonel
In the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, colonel is a senior field grade military officer rank just above the rank of lieutenant colonel and just below the rank of brigadier general...
James A. Jones. On March 17, 1862, Company G was permanently detached and redesignated the 12th Ohio Battery
12th Ohio Independent Battery was an artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.-Service:The battery was created from Company G, 25th Ohio Infantry and permanently detached on March 17, 1862 under Captain Aaron C...
The regiment was attached to Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to November 1861. Milroy's Command, Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to April 1862. Milroy's Brigade, Department of the Mountains, to June 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps, Army of Virginia
The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. It should not be confused with its principal opponent, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Robert E...
, to September 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps, Army of the Potomac
The Army of the Potomac was the major Union Army in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.-History:The Army of the Potomac was created in 1861, but was then only the size of a corps . Its nucleus was called the Army of Northeastern Virginia, under Brig. Gen...
, to August 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, Folly Island, South Carolina, X Corps, Department of the South, to January 1864. District of Hilton Head, South Carolina, X Corps, Department of the South, to April 1864. District of Hilton Head, South Carolina, Department of the South, to October 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade, Department of the South, to November 1864. 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Department of the South, to February 1865. 3rd Separate Brigade, Hilton Head, South Carolina, Department of the South, to March 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, South Carolina, Department of the South, to August 1865. 4th Separate Brigade, District of Western South Carolina, Department of the South, to January 1866. Department of the South to June 1866.
The 25th Ohio Infantry mustered out of service on June 18, 1866.
Ordered to western Virginia July 29, and duty along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Grafton to the Ohio River, until August 21. Moved to Cheat Mountain Summit, Va., August 21, 1861, and duty there August 25-November 25. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11–17. Action at Cheat Mountain September 12. Greenbrier River October 3–4. Duty at Huttonsville November 25, 1861 to February 27, 1862. Expedition to Camp Baldwin December 11–13, 1861. Action at Camp Allegheny, Buffalo Mountain, December 12. Expedition to Huntersville December 31, 1861 to January 6, 1862. Duty at Beverly, Cheat Mountain, March. Expedition on the Seneca April 1–12. Action at Monterey April 12. At Staunton until May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. March from Franklin to Strasburg May 26-June 10, pursuing Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Duty at Sperryville and Centreville, Va., until August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Freeman's Ford August 22. Battle of Bull Run August 29–30. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D.C., until December. Expedition from Centreville to Bristoe September 25–28. March to Fredericksburg, Va., December 10–16. "Mud March" January 20–24, 1863. At Brook's Station until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1–5. Gettysburg Campaign June 11-July 22. Battle of Gettysburg, July 1–3. Pursuit of Lee, to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5–24. At Warrenton Junction July 25-August 6. Moved to Folly Island, S.C., August 6–12. Duty at Folly and Morris Islands, S.C., operating against Fort Sumter and Charleston until January 1864. Duty at Hilton Head, S.C., until November 23, 1864. (Veterans absent on furlough January to March 1864. Companies A, G, and I at Fort Pulaski, Ga., September 25 to October 23.) Expedition against Charleston & Savannah Railroad November 28–30. Battle of Honey Hill November 30. Coosaw River December 4. Demonstration on Charleston & Savannah Railroad December 6–9. Deveaux's Neck December 6. Occupation of Charleston February 26, 1865. Expedition toward Santee River February 28-March 10. Camp at Mt. Pleasant March 12-April 3. Potter's Expedition to Camden, S.C., April 5–25. Dingle's Mills April 9. Statesburg April 15. Occupation of Camden April 17. Boykins' Mills April 18. Denkins' Mills and Beach Creek near Statesburg April 19. Return to Mt. Pleasant April 28, then moved to Charleston May 6 and to Columbia May 7, and garrison duty there until May 25. Duty in Fairfield, Newberry, Edgefield, Lexington and Richland Counties until April 1866. At Summerville until May and duty on the Sea Islands until June. Ordered to Tod's Barracks, Ohio, June 6.
The regiment lost a total of 280 men during service; 7 officers and 151 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 119 enlisted men died of disease.
- Colonel James A. Jones
- Colonel William P. Richardson - commanded at the battles of McDowell and Cross Keys as lieutenant colonel
In the United States Army, United States Air Force, and United States Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel. It is equivalent to the naval rank of commander in the other uniformed services.The pay...
- Lieutenant Colonel Jeremiah Williams - commanded at the Battle of Chancellorsville as major
In the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, major is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of captain and just below the rank of lieutenant colonel...
; commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg
- Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel Haughton - commanded at the Battle of Honey Hill
- Captain Nathaniel J. Manning - commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg
- Lieutenant William Maloney - commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg
- Lieutenant Israel White - commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg
- List of Ohio Civil War units
- Ohio in the Civil War
During the American Civil War, the State of Ohio played a key role in providing troops, military officers, and supplies to the Union army. Due to its central location in the Northern United States and burgeoning population, Ohio was both politically and logistically important to the war effort...