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The Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1974
was a UK Act of Parliament
An Act of Parliament is a statute enacted as primary legislation by a national or sub-national parliament. In the Republic of Ireland the term Act of the Oireachtas is used, and in the United States the term Act of Congress is used.In Commonwealth countries, the term is used both in a narrow...
, now replaced by the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
The Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1992 is a UK Act of Parliament which regulates British labour law. The Act applies in full in England and Wales and in Scotland, and partially in Northern Ireland....
. The 1974 Act was introduced by the Labour Government, and both repealed and replaced the Conservatives' Industrial Relations Act 1971
The Industrial Relations Act 1971 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, since repealed. It was largely based on proposals outlined in the governing Conservative Party's manifesto for the 1970 general election...
. Together with the Employment Protection Act 1975
The Employment Protection Act 1975 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The long title was,-Outline:Together with the Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1974, these Acts constituted the Labour Party's employment law programme during the era of the Social Contract, and the EPA...
, the formed the basis of the Labour Party's employment law programme under the Social Contract
The social contract is an intellectual device intended to explain the appropriate relationship between individuals and their governments. Social contract arguments assert that individuals unite into political societies by a process of mutual consent, agreeing to abide by common rules and accept...
TULRA 1974's main provisions mirror those found in TULRCA 1992 today, with fewer complexities and restrictions. It contains rules on trade unions functioning and legal status, the presumption that a collective agreement is not binding, and immunity of unions who take strike action in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute.