The Torre de Madrid
is one of the tallest buildings in Madrid
Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...
. It measures 142 metres in height, has 36 floors and was constructed between 1954 and 1957. It was designed by the architects Julián and José María Otamendi Machimbarrena as an assignment of the Metropolitan Real Estate Agency, for whom already they had built the Edificio España
The Edificio España is one of the tallest buildings in Madrid, Spain. With its 25 storeys and 117 meters of height, it is the eighth-highest building of the Spanish capital, including the skyscrapers of the Cuatro Torres Business Area. It is also one of the better examples of twentieth century...
It is situated on the Plaza de España
Plaza de España is a large square, and popular tourist destination, located in central Madrid, Spain, at the western end of the Gran Vía. It features a monument to Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, and is bordered by two of Madrid's most prominent skyscrapers...
, being a symbolic building for the plaza and the city. It holds offices and apartments. It was the highest office building in Western Europe until 1967, when it was surpassed by the 150-metre high South Tower
The South Tower in Brussels is the tallest building in Belgium. It is 150 metres high and has 38 floors and also 3 basement floors, with 11 lifts. It stands next to the Brussels South Railway Station. It was built between 1962 and 1967...
in Brussels. The Tower appeared in numerous Spanish movies released in the 1960s.
The tower was conceived to be the tallest concrete building in the world at the time of its completion and until the construction of Torrespaña was the highest building in Madrid. The lead architects also envisioned that the building would harbour 500 stores, spacious galleries, a hotel, and even a cinema. Furthermore, the tower was equipped with twelve elevators of the fastest model of the time, permitting users to travel 3.5 metres per second. The works were finished on October 15, 1957.
The Tower of Madrid is found in the Plaza de España, at the end of the street of Gran Via, in the heart of the Spanish capital. Along with the 117-metre-tall Edificio de España, situated in the same plaza, they form an interesting architectural assembly. Both enjoy protection on the part of the City Hall of the capital. It was the tallest building in Spain until 1982, when it was surpassed by the Torrespaña telecommunications tower.
It forms part of the Gran Via skyscraper zone, to the contrary that most of the skyscrapers with a height of 100+ metres in the city, situated in the financial district of AZCA
Acronym for Asociación Mixta de Compensación de la Manzana A de la Zona Comercial de la Avenida del Generalísimo , in Madrid, Spain....
, in the neighborhood of Tetuán.
On April 28, 2005, the tower was put up for sale by the real estate agency Metrovacesa
Metrovacesa S.A. is a major Spanish property company, headquartered in Madrid, which was the largest publicly-traded real estate developer in the Eurozone prior to the June 2007 creation of Unibail-Rodamco...
along with the Edificio España to vote part of the acquisition of the French company Gecina
Gecina is a residential, office, and healthcare focused real estate investment trust. Its portfolio of properties also includes shopping malls, warehouses, and logistic centers responsible for coordinating commercial businesses such as those operating in business parks...
. The price was about 400.000.000 €.
- Height: 142 m
- Number of Floors: 37
- Position of height in Madrid: 13th (May 2007)
Order of height according to the date:
- 1982: 1st place
- 1987: 2nd place
- 1988: 3rd place
- 1992: 5th place
- 2002: 7th place
- 2004: 8th place
- 2006: 9th place
- 2007: 13th place
In 25 years has descended from 1st place to 13th place.