is a town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...
in Dutchess County
Dutchess County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, in the state's Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley. The 2010 census lists the population as 297,488...
, New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 3,544 at the 2000 census.
The Town of Stanford
is in the north-central part of the county.
Stanford was first settled around 1750. The town was part of the Great Nine Partners Patent
The Great Nine Partners Patent, also known as the "Lower Nine Partners Patent," was a land grant in Dutchess County, New York, USA made in 1697.-The partners:* John Aarston * William Creed* James Emott * Hendrick ten Eyck...
The Town of Stanford was formed in 1793 from the Town of Washington
Washington is a town in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 4,742 at the 2000 census. The town is named after George Washington, who passed through the town during the Revolution....
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 50.3 square miles (130.3 km²), of which, 50 square miles (129.5 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square mile (0.776996433 km²) of it (0.58%) is water.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 3,544 people, 1,398 households, and 973 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 70.9 people per square mile (27.4/km²). There were 1,712 housing units at an average density of 34.2 per square mile (13.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.95% White, 1.52% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.65% of the population.
There were 1,398 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $54,118, and the median income for a family was $62,171. Males had a median income of $40,746 versus $30,625 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $29,236. About 2.7% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
- James Cagney
James Francis Cagney, Jr. was an American actor, first on stage, then in film, where he had his greatest impact. Although he won acclaim and major awards for a wide variety of performances, he is best remembered for playing "tough guys." In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked him eighth...
- H. David Politzer - 2004 Nobel Laureate (Physics)
- Kermit Love
Kermit Ernest Hollingshead Love was an American puppeteer, costume designer, and actor in children's television and on Broadway...
- Puppeteer, costume designer and actor
- Alfred Mosher Butts
Alfred Mosher Butts was an American architect and the inventor of the board game Scrabble in 1938.-Personal life:...
- inventor of Scrabble
- Will Szigethy - Male entertainer, actor, and wrestler
Communities and locations in Stanford
- Attlebury – A hamlet
A hamlet is usually a rural settlement which is too small to be considered a village, though sometimes the word is used for a different sort of community. Historically, when a hamlet became large enough to justify building a church, it was then classified as a village...
in the northeast corner of the town.
- Bangall – A hamlet northeast of Stanfordville.
- Bear Market – A hamlet northwest of Stanfordville.
- Lenihan – A harem north of Standfordville.
- McIntyre – A hamlet north of Stanfordville.
- Stanfordville – A hamlet in the south half of the town on Route 82. The Dr. Cornelius Nase Campbell House
Dr. Cornelius Nase Campbell House is a historic home located at Stanfordville in Dutchess County, New York. It was built about 1845 and is a gable-ended, 2-story timber-frame dwelling with -story kitchen wing in a vernacular Italianate style. It has a cross-gable, bay windows, and a cupola. It...
was added to the National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...
- Stissing – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town, southwest of Attlebury.
- Willow Brook – A hamlet southwest of Stanfordville.