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San Fernando City, Pampanga

San Fernando City, Pampanga

Overview
The City of San Fernando, (Kapampangan
Kapampangan language
The Pampangan language, or Kapampangan , is one of the major languages of the Philippines. It is the language spoken in the province of Pampanga, the southern half of the province of Tarlac and the northern portion of the province of Bataan. Kapampangan is also understood in some barangays of...

: Lakanbalen ning San Fernando/Siudad ning San Fernando; Filipino
Filipino language
This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

: Lungsod ng San Fernando) is a first class, component city in the Philippine province of Pampanga. It is the capital city of Pampanga and the regional center of Central Luzon
Central Luzon
Central Luzon , also known as Region III , is an administrative division or region of the Republic of the Philippines, primarily serve to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plain of the island of Luzon , for administrative convenience...

 (Region III). The city is well known for its giant lanterns and is also popularly known as the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines." The annual Giant Lantern Festival
Giant Lantern Festival
The Giant Lantern Festival is an annual festival held in December in the City of San Fernando in the Philippines. The festival features a competition of giant lanterns. Because of the popularity of the festival, the city has been nicknamed the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines".The first...

 is hosted by the city every December.

According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 221,857 people in 43,649 households.
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Encyclopedia
The City of San Fernando, (Kapampangan
Kapampangan language
The Pampangan language, or Kapampangan , is one of the major languages of the Philippines. It is the language spoken in the province of Pampanga, the southern half of the province of Tarlac and the northern portion of the province of Bataan. Kapampangan is also understood in some barangays of...

: Lakanbalen ning San Fernando/Siudad ning San Fernando; Filipino
Filipino language
This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

: Lungsod ng San Fernando) is a first class, component city in the Philippine province of Pampanga. It is the capital city of Pampanga and the regional center of Central Luzon
Central Luzon
Central Luzon , also known as Region III , is an administrative division or region of the Republic of the Philippines, primarily serve to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plain of the island of Luzon , for administrative convenience...

 (Region III). The city is well known for its giant lanterns and is also popularly known as the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines." The annual Giant Lantern Festival
Giant Lantern Festival
The Giant Lantern Festival is an annual festival held in December in the City of San Fernando in the Philippines. The festival features a competition of giant lanterns. Because of the popularity of the festival, the city has been nicknamed the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines".The first...

 is hosted by the city every December.

According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 221,857 people in 43,649 households. It is located 67 kilometers north of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

, 50 kilometers east of Subic Bay
Subic Bay
Subic Bay is a bay forming part of Luzon Sea on the west coast of the island of Luzon in Zambales, Philippines, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila Bay. Its shores were formerly the site of a major United States Navy facility named U.S...

 in the Zambales province, and 16 kilometers south of Clark Field in Angeles City
Angeles City
The City of Angeles , located within the province of Pampanga in the Philippines, is locally classified as a first-class, highly-urbanized city. Its name is derived from El Pueblo de los Ángeles in honor of its patron saints, Los Santos Ángeles de los Custodios , and the name of its founder, Don...

. The city is positioned at the crossroads of Central Luzon. The city is named after Fernando VI of Spain and placed under the patronage of Ferdinand III of Castile
Ferdinand III of Castile
Saint Ferdinand III, T.O.S.F., was the King of Castile from 1217 and León from 1230. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the...

, King of Castile and León
Castile and León
Castile and León is an autonomous community in north-western Spain. It was so constituted in 1983 and it comprises the historical regions of León and Old Castile...

, whose feast is celebrated every 30 May.

History


The town of San Fernando was founded in 1754 from the towns of Bacolor and Mexico
Mexico, Pampanga
-Barangays:Mexico is administratively subdivided into 43 barangays.* Acli* Anao* Balas* Buenavista* Camuning* Cawayan* Concepcion* Culubasa* Divisoria* Dolores * Eden* Gandus* Lagundi* Laput* Laug* Masamat* Masangsang -Barangays:Mexico is administratively subdivided into 43 barangays.* Acli* Anao*...

. The first church was built in 1755 with wooden walls and nipa roofing. The municipal tribunal was erected later in the year in front of the town plaza using durable materials and thatched nipa roofing. Don Vidal de Arrozal served as its first gobernadorcillo that year.

In 1796, after serving as gobernadorcillo the previous year, Don Ángel Pantaleon de Miranda retired to Barrio Saguin, from where he started setting up his hacienda in Barrio Culiat. The barrio was separated from San Fernando on the December 8, 1829 as the new town of Angeles
Angeles City
The City of Angeles , located within the province of Pampanga in the Philippines, is locally classified as a first-class, highly-urbanized city. Its name is derived from El Pueblo de los Ángeles in honor of its patron saints, Los Santos Ángeles de los Custodios , and the name of its founder, Don...

, with the Los Santos Ángeles Custodios as titular patrons.

An expediente requesting the transfer of the provincial capital of Pampanga to San Fernando was signed on the August 6, 1852. Real Cedula 745, approving the transfer of the provincial capital of Pampanga from Bacolor to San Fernando, was signed on September 11, 1881. The said transfer would not materialize.

In 1878, moves were made to create the town of Calulut. This new town would be composed of Calulut and the neighboring barrios of Bulaun, Malpitic, Sindalan, La Paz, Lara, Saguin, Telabastagan, Balete, Malinao, Pulung Bulu, Panipuan, Macabacle and the caserio of Pau in San Fernando, and Panipuan, Acle, Suclaban and the sitio of Gandus in Mexico. This plan did not materialize due to strong opposition from the parish priest of San Fernando.

Governor-General Eulogio Despujol and Manila Archbishop Bernardino Nozaleda inaugurated the San Fernando railroad station, together with the Bagbag-Mabalacat stretch of the Manila-Dagupan Railroad, on February 23, 1892. The station was second only to Manila in revenues that year, and was thus the most important provincial station of the Manila-Dagupan Railroad. On June 27 of the same year, National Hero Dr. Jose P. Rizal made a stop-over in the town as part of his mission to recruit members to the La Liga Filipina
La Liga Filipina
La Liga Filipina was a progressive organization created by Dr. José Rizal in the Philippines in a house at Ilaya Street, Tondo, Manila in 1892.The organization derived from La Solidaridad and the Propaganda movement...

.

On September 1, 1896 the town was declared in a state of war despite the peaceful situation. Brigadier General Diego de los Rios arrived on December 2 to calm the revolution that started in Manila on August 30. General Ruiz Serralde took over the Rios's post on June 26, 1897 to maintain the peace in San Fernando. The revolution was not yet at its height with occasional exchanges of fire in some places in Pampanga.

On June 26, 1898, representatives from all Pampanga towns, except Macabebe, gathered in San Fernando to swear allegiance to Gen. Maximino Hizon who was the provincial military governor and representative of President Emilio Aguinaldo. On October 9, Aguinaldo, together with his cabinet visited the town and was welcomed with so much applause and enthusiastic cheering from the public. He proceeded to the convento which was served as the military headquarters at that time.

On May 4, 1899, Philippine revolutionary troops led by General Antonio Luna
Antonio Luna
Antonio Luna y Novicio was a Filipino pharmacist and general who fought in the Philippine-American War. He was also the founder of the Philippines's first military academy.- Family background :...

 burned the casa municipal, the town church and several houses to render them useless to the approaching American forces. On June 16, due to the strategic location of the town, Aguinaldo himself led Filipino forces in the Battle for San Fernando. The plan to retake the town proved unsuccessful. Calulut fell to the Americans on August 9.

On August 15, 1904, the Pampanga provincial government was finally transferred to San Fernando from Bacolor, by virtue of Act No. 1204 signed on July 22, 1904. This was during the term of Governor Macario Arnedo and Municipal President Juan Sengson. The town of Minalin became part of San Fernando that same year. It will later regain its political independence in 1909.

On January 2, 1905, the town of Santo Tomas
Santo Tomas, Pampanga
Santo Tomas is a 4th class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 37,866 people in 6,375 households.-History:...

 was consolidated with San Fernando by virtue of Act 1208.

On August 12, 1904, US Secretary of War William H. Taft visited the town to get first hand information and gather ideas for the governance of Pampanga. Due to the short notice, a bamboo pavilion was hastily constructed for his visit where he was welcomed with a banquet for 200 people. Taft would later be elected President of the United States.

In 1921, the Pampanga Sugar Development Company
Pampanga Sugar Development Company
The Pampanga Sugar Development Company built the first Filipino-financed sugar central in Pampanga, Philippines. It was incorporated in April, 1918....

 (PASUDECO) sugar central began its operations. The company was formed in 1918 by large-scale planters such as José de León, Augusto Gonzaález, Francisco Liongson, Tomás Lazatin, Tomás Consunji, Francisco Hizon, José Henson, and Manuel Urquico in the San Fernando residence of Governor Honorio Ventura as part of a plan to construct a locally financed central.

In 1932, the Socialist Party of the Philippines was founded by Pedro Abad Santos
Pedro Abad Santos
Pedro Abad Santos was a Filipino doctor, lawyer, Marxist and politician who later became a leader of the first of two Philippine communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s.-Early years:...

. Two years later, he created and headed the Aguman Ding Madlang Talapagobra (AMT). The Abad Santos compound in Barangay San Jose became the focal point of the peasant movement.

On February 14, 1939, Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines...

 proclaimed his social justice program before a gathering of farmers in front of the Municipal Government building.

In 1941, forces of the Japanese Imperial Army occupied the town and placed the municipal government under its supervision. The following year, thousands of Filipino and American POWs walked from Bataan to the San Fernando Train Station in what will be known as the Bataan Death March
Bataan Death March
The Bataan Death March was the forcible transfer, by the Imperial Japanese Army, of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II, which resulted in the deaths of thousands of prisoners.The march was characterized by...

.

In 1952, the town of Santo Tomas was separated from San Fernando.

In 1986, Paterno Guevarra was sworn in as officer-in-charge of the town after the successful People Power Revolution that toppled the Marcos dictatorship that same year. He was later elected municipal mayor.

In 1990, Philippine president Corazon C. Aquino inaugurated the Paskuhan Village, the first Christmas village in Asia and the third of its kind in the world. The following year, Mount Pinatubo
Mount Pinatubo
Mount Pinatubo is an active stratovolcano located on the island of Luzon, near the tripoint of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac, and Pampanga. It is located in the Tri-Cabusilan Mountain range separating the west coast of Luzon from the central plains, and is west of the dormant and...

 erupted after over 600 years of dormancy hurling a layer of ash and volcanic debris on the town.

On October 1, 1995, Typhoon Sibyl (Mameng) struck the town. It unleashed floodwaters and mudflows from Mount Pinatubo into the town. The Barangays of Sto. Nino, San Juan, San Pedro Cutud and Magliman were severely damaged by lahar. The citizens of San Fernando rallied to save the town by raising funds to build the St. Ferdinand People's Dike. The Pampanga Megadike was constructed the following year, thus preventing further damage to the town.

Religions


Roman Catholicism 90%, Protestants 2%,Iglesia Ni Cristo 5%, Evangelical, 1%, Others 1.5%, Non- Religious .5%

Mayors


This is the list of the mayors of City of San Fernando.
Capitanes Municipales Term Alcaldes Municipales Term Presidentes Municipales Term
Vidal de Arrozal 1755 Vicente Dizon 1821 Antonio E. Consunji 1891–1892
Tiburcio Cunanan 1756 Pablo de Ocampo 1822 Juan Sengson 1893–1894
Vidal de Arrozal 1757 Maximo Dizon 1823 Teodoro Limjuco 1895
Luis Catacutan 1758 Ciriaco Dizon 1824 Saturnino Henson 1896
Juan David 1759 Celso Dayrit (accidental) 1897
Juan Yutuc 1760 Gobernadorcillos Term
Domingo de Vera 1761 Vicente Dizon 1825 Republika Filipina
Nicolas Capati 1762 Manuel Pasion Henson 1826 Presidente Municipal Term
Tomas Aquino 1763 Anacleto del Rosario 1827 Antonio E. Consunji 1898
Miguel de los Angeles 1764 Vicente David Lising 1828
Agustin Dizon 1765 Vicente Dizon 1829 Military Government
Manuel Manaloto 1766 Pablo Ocampo 1830 Alcaldes Term
Francisco Bautista 1767 Doroteo Dizon 1831 Enrique Kerr 1899
Miguel David 1768 Mariano Yutuc 1832 Carlos Kerr 1900
Nicolas Dizon 1769 Manuel Pasion Henson 1833 Teodoro Limjuco 1900
Mariano Singian de Miranda 1770 Gregorio Tuason 1834 Francisco S. Hizon 1900–1901
Mateo David 1771 Blas Borja 1835
Bernardo de Anunciacion 1772 Doroteo Dizon 1836 Civil Government
Francisco David 1773 Agustin Pamintuan 1837 Municipal Presidents Term
Agapito Singian 1774 Agustin Cuyugan 1838 Francisco S. Hizon 1901
Vicente Concepcion 1775 Juan Dayrit 1839 Mariano J. Leon Santos 1902–1903
Eugenio Yutuc 1776 Raymundo David 1840 Juan Sengson 1904
Juan Lingat 1777 Macario Yutuc 1841 Eulalio Castro 1905–1906
Juan Lacson 1778 Matias Quiason 1842 Vicente Tiomico 1906–1907
Vicente Concepcion 1779 Pedro Lacsamana 1843 Pedro Teopaco 1908–1909
Jose de Arrozal 1780 Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1844 Clemente Ocampo 1910–1912
Nicolas Tuason 1781 Serapio Singian de Miranda 1845 Unknown 1913–1915
Carlos Catacutan 1782 Mariano Arceo 1846 Antonio B. Abad Santos 1916–1921
Vicente David 1783 Agustin Cuyugan 1847 Jose M. Valencia 1922–1927
Lucas David 1784 Guillermo Henson 1848 Antonio B. Abad Santos 1928–1931
Antonio Alonso del Rosario 1785 Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1849 Jose M. Valencia 1932–1934
Regino de Castro 1786 Agustin Pamintuan 1850
Sebastian Manarang 1787 Gregorio David 1851 Philippine Commonwealth
Bernabe Pamintuan 1788 Maximo Feliciano 1852 Municipal Mayors Term
Juan Dizon 1789 Paulino Paras 1853–1854 Urbano D. Dizon 1934–1937
Manuel Miranda 1790 Agustin Lacson 1854–1855 Vivencio B. Cuyugan 1938–1942
Vicente Dayrit 1791 Simon Henson 1855–1856 Vivencio B. Cuyugan 1945
Nicolas Tuason 1792 Cosme Lacson 1856–1857
Jose de los Angeles 1793 Candido Froilan Dizon 1857–1858 Japanese Occupation
Vicente Quizon 1794 Florentino Dayrit 1858–1859 Municipal Mayor Term
Angel Pantaleon de Miranda 1795 Manuel Pasion Henson 1859 Rodolfo P. Hizon 1942–1945
Vicente Dayrit 1796 Jose Navarro (accidental) 1859
Jose Cunanan 1797 Victor David 1860 Republic of the Philippines
Juan Lacson 1798 Manuel de Ocampo 1860–1861 Municipal Mayors Term
Carlos Catacutan 1799 Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1861–1862 Rodolfo P. Hizon 1946–1955
Vicente Dizon 1800 Guillermo Henson 1862–1863 Mariano P. Castro, Sr. 1955
Jose Ocson 1801 Aniceto Yusi 1863–1864 Dr. Miguel G. Baluyut 1956–1959
Agustin David Lising 1802 Simon Henson 1864–1865 Dr. Jose C. Quiwa 1960–1967
Jose Concepcion 1803 Juan Quiason 1865–1866 Levi Panlilio 1967–1969
Raymundo David 1804 Julian Buison 1867–1868 Atty. Virgilio L. Sanchez 1969–1971
Ignacio David de Miranda 1805 Benigno de Ocampo 1868–1869 Luis Gopiao 1971
Severino Henson 1806 Isidro Teopaco 1869–1870 Armando P. Biliwang 1972–1980
Juan Crisostomo Paras 1807 Domiciano Tison 1870–1871 Col. Amante S. Bueno (OIC) 1980–1982
Domingo Henson 1808 Florentino Dayrit 1871–1872 Atty. Vicente A. Macalino (OIC) 1982–1983
Leon de Vera 1809 Eustaquio Ricafort 1872–1873 Atty. Virgilio L. Sanchez 1983–1986
Vicente de Castro 1810 Pedro Paras y Castro 1873–1874 Atty. Paterno S. Guevara(Appointed) 1986–1987
Gregorio Singian 1811 Bernardino Singian de Miranda 1874–1875 Dr. Rodolfo P. Canlas (Appointed) 1987–1988
Ignacio de Miranda 1812 Julian Buison 1875–1876 Atty. Paterno S. Guevara 1988–1995
Miguel Catacutan 1813 Anacleto Hizon 1877–1879 Dr. Jesus Reynaldo B. Aquino 1995–2001
Francisco Pamintuan 1814 Catalino Henson 1879–1880
Severino Henson 1815 Mariano Custodio 1880–1881 City Mayors Term
Agustin David Lising 1816 Saturnino Henson 1881–1882 Dr. Jesus Reynaldo B. Aquino 2001–2004
Bernardo David 1817 Florentino Dayrit 1882–1883 Atty. Oscar Samson Rodriguez 2004–Present
Bernardo Tinio 1818 Pedro Paras 1883
Eriberto Yutuc 1819 Domiciano Tison 1884–1885
Vicente de Castro 1820 Francisco X. Panlilio 1885
Anacleto Hizon 1886–1887
Teodoro Limjuco 1887–1889
Gregorio Tioleco 1889–1890

Cityhood


On January 6, 1997, Mayor Rey B. Aquino and Senator Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and is currently a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga...

 launched the campaign for cityhood. On April 27 of that same year, Rep. Oscar Rodriguez filed House Bill No. 9267 creating the City of San Fernando.

In 2000, House Speaker Arnulfo Fuentebella
Arnulfo Fuentebella
Arnulfo P. Fuentabella was the Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives from 2000 to 2001. He is now a representative of Camarines Sur.-Speakership:...

 and Senate President Aquilino Q. Pimintel signed the approved city charter of San Fernando on December 4 and 13 respectively.

The town officially became a component city on February 4, 2001 following the ratification of Republic Act 8990 authored by Pampanga Second district
Legislative districts of Pampanga
The Legislative Districts of Pampanga, namely the first, second, third and fourth districts, are the current representations of the Province of Pampanga and the independent city of Angeles in the Philippine House of Representatives....

 Rep. Oscar Rodriguez in a plebiscite from the previous day. Dr. Rey B. Aquino was the city's first mayor. The ratification of Republic Act 8990 made the City of San Fernando the 99th city of the Republic of the Philippines.

Barangays


The City of San Fernando is politically subdivided into 35 barangays.


  • Alasas
  • Baliti
  • Bulaon
  • Calulut

  • Dela Paz Norte
  • Dela Paz Sur
  • Del Carmen
  • Del Pilar
  • Del Rosario
  • Dolores
  • Juliana
  • Lara
  • Lourdes

  • Maimpis
  • Magliman
  • Malino
  • Malpitic
  • Pandaras
  • Panipuan
  • Pulung Bulo
  • Santo Rosario (Pob.)
  • Quebiawan
  • Saguin
  • San Agustin

  • San Felipe
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Nicolas
  • San Pedro Cutud
    San Pedro Cutud
    San Pedro Cutud is a barangay in City of San Fernando, Pampanga province in the Philippines, approximately 70 kilometers north of Manila. It is known for annual re-enactments of the crucifixion of Jesus...

  • Santa Lucia
  • Santa Teresita
  • Santo Niño
  • Sindalan
  • Telabastagan



Economy




Strategically located at the heart of the province, the City of San Fernando is home to two public markets, thirty nine banks, forty eight lending institutions (investors), thirty eight pawnshops, seventeen gasoline stations, three movie houses, thirty nine public and private schools, seven hospitals, thirteen dental offices, nine hotels, twenty eight drug stores, seven disco clubs, six foreign exchange firms, fifteen garment factories, twenty four groceries, seven supermarkets, forty two insurance companies, sixteen security agencies and seventy restaurants and fast food chains such as Jollibee
Jollibee
Jollibee Foods Corporation is the parent company of Jollibee, a fast-food restaurant chain based in the Philippines. Among JFC's popular brands are Jollibee, Chowking, Greenwich, Red Ribbon, Caffe Ti-amo, Mang Inasal and Burger King...

, McDonald's
McDonald's
McDonald's Corporation is the world's largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving around 64 million customers daily in 119 countries. Headquartered in the United States, the company began in 1940 as a barbecue restaurant operated by the eponymous Richard and Maurice McDonald; in 1948...

, Mr. Donut
Mister Donut
Mister Donut is a fast food franchise founded in the United States in 1956. The primary offerings include donuts, coffee, muffins and pastries. After being acquired by Allied Lyons in 1990, most North American locations became Dunkin' Donuts. Today its main market is in Japan, where it has more...

, Greenwich
Greenwich Pizza
Greenwich Pizza is the largest pizza and pasta chain in the Philippines.Greenwich started as an over-the-counter pizza store in the Greenhills Commercial Center in Metro Manila in 1971. In 1994, Jollibee Foods Corporation obtained a deal acquiring 80% of Greenwich shareholding. Then in 2006...

, Shakey's, and Chowking
Chowking
Chowking is a Philippine-based chain that pioneered the Asian quick-service restaurant concept in the Philippines. The concept combines a Western fast-food service style with Chinese food. Chowking predominantly sells noodle soups, dim sum, and rice toppings...

. In addition to being the Provincial Capital of Pampanga, almost all Philippine banking institutions, military and governmental agencies have regional offices in City of San Fernando.

Manufacturing


San Fernando serves as one of the agricultural processing center of Central Luzon. It is a major rice-producing region and an important sugar-producing area. The Pampanga Sugar Development Company (PASUDECO), was once the largest private employer in Pampanga. It is a major sugar processing plant in the region. Other manufacturing companies with offices in the city include Universal Robina Corporation, Zuellig Pharma Corporation, Nestlé Philippines, Petrophil, Mondragon Industries, Asia Brewery, and Del Monte Corporation. Major bottling companies such as the San Miguel Corporation
San Miguel Corporation
Established in 1890 as a brewery, San Miguel Corporation is Southeast Asia's largest publicly listed food, beverage and packaging company with over 17,000 employees in over 100 major facilities throughout the Asia-Pacific....

 Complex, Coca-Cola, Pepsi Cola, Cosmos and Metrobottling are located within the city.

Every year during the Christmas season, the city becomes the hub of a thriving industry centered on handcrafted lanterns called parols. What distinguish the San Fernando lantern from the ordinary parol are the intricate designs and the illusion of dancing lights, which focuses on the vibrant colors of the lantern.

Infrastructure


The City of San Fernando has four TV stations - KTV Channel 12, Infomax Channel 8, CLTV 36 and ABS-CBN
ABS-CBN
ABS–CBN Corporation is a Philippine-based media conglomerate. It is the Philippines' largest media and entertainment conglomerate. The corporation was the merger of Alto Broadcasting System which at that time owned by James Lindenberg and Antonio Quirino, and the Chronicle Broadcasting Network ...

 TV46 Pampanga. There are also two radio stations, the 5 Kilowatt RW 95.1 of the Radio World Broadcasting Corporation of the Philippines and the 2.5 kilowatt Power 92.7 of the Love Radio Network. Several local newspapers are published in the city which includes SunStar Pampanga, The Probe, Coffee Punch, Pampanga Times and the Observer.

Tourism


The tourism industry of the city is fueled by two major events, the annual Good Friday Lenten Rites in San Pedro Cutud
San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites
The San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites is a Holy Week re-enactment of Christ’s Passion and Death which takes place in Barangay San Pedro Cutud, City of San Fernando, Pampanga in the Philippines....

 and the Giant Lantern Festival
Giant Lantern Festival
The Giant Lantern Festival is an annual festival held in December in the City of San Fernando in the Philippines. The festival features a competition of giant lanterns. Because of the popularity of the festival, the city has been nicknamed the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines".The first...

 in December. Both events draw thousands of tourists from around the country and the world.

Colleges and universities

  • University of the Assumption
    University of the Assumption
    -History:The University of the Assumption is a private Archdiocesan Catholic university located in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines. It was founded on January 12, 1963,when the bishop of San Fernando, Most Reverend Emilio A. Cinense, D.D.,assisted by Msgr. Pedro D...

    , a Catholic Archdiocesan University in Pampanga. Though bearing the same name, this university in San Fernando is not, in any way, related to the Assumption College
    Assumption College (Philippines)
    The Assumption College is a private, Roman Catholic women's college in Makati City, Philippines established in 1959. It provides education from pre-school, elementary, secondary, tertiary, to graduate level...

     in Manila.
  • East Central Colleges, formerly the Toledaño Vocational School of San Fernando, was established by the late Ciriaco Toledaño in the 1940s. The first establishment was located at the B. Mendoza Street and later, another branch was built in Mexico, Pampanga to house the high school students. As of today, East Central Colleges has two branches. One near the Iglesia ni Cristo for college students and one in Mexico, Pampanga for the high school students. The two are being managed and administered by the children of Ciriaco Toledaño.

  • Metropolitan Academy Of Arts & Beauty (Met Academy) MAAB
  • DATA College, formerly known as RM DATA Center
  • Mother of Good Counsel Seminary
  • AMA Computer College San Fernando
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies (AICS)
  • STI College San Fernando
  • Harvardian College
  • Central Luzon College of Science and Technology, formerly known as CLIT
  • New Era University
    New Era University
    New Era University is a private, non-sectarian educational institution established by Iglesia Ni Cristo. It is located along Central Avenue, New Era, Quezon City.-History:...

  • Systems Plus College Foundation
    Systems Plus College Foundation
    Systems Plus College Foundation is a Private, Non-Sectarian school in Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines.-The Pioneering Years:On June 27, 1985 at Santa Isabel Building in Balibago, Angeles City, five incorporators opened Systems Plus, Inc....

  • St. Nicolas College
  • Asian College of Science and Technology
  • Genetic Computer Institute - Pampanga Branch
  • Tourism, Information Technology & Hotel Management School (TIHMS)


Vocational / Technical Schools
  • NorthPoint Academy for Culinary Arts (http://northpointculinary.com). NorthPoint Academy is the premiere culinary school in Pampanga.

Secondary Schools

  • Information and Communication Technology High School (ICTHS)
  • San Vicente Pilot School for Philippine Craftsmen (SVPSPC)
  • Panipuan Integrated School
  • St. Scholastica's Academy, San Fernando
    St. Scholastica's Academy, San Fernando
    The St. Scholastica's Academy or simply "St. Scho" is a private school run by the Benedictine Sisters in the Philippines.-History:The former building of the St. Scholastica’s Academy of Pampanga, the third Benedictine school in the Philippines. Formerly known as the Assumption Academy, it was...

     (SSA)
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Center of Studies and Schools
    San Lorenzo Ruiz Center of Studies and Schools
    San Lorenzo Ruiz Center of Studies and Schools is a school in Dolores, City of San Fernando, Pampanga serving preschool through the sixth grade and fourth year...

     (SLRCSS)
  • Assumpta Technical High School (ATHS)
  • University of the Assumption (UA-HS)
  • Pampanga High School
    Pampanga High School
    Pampanga National High School It was formerly known as Jose Abad Santos High School or JASHS. The current main building of Pampanga High School was completed in 1935. It follows Standard Plan No...

     (PHS)
  • Proverbsville School Inc. (PSI)
  • Sindalan High School (SHS)
  • Potrero High School (PHS)
  • Christ in You Faith Christian Academy (CIYFCA)
  • Our Lady of Guadalupe School (OLGS)
  • Academy of Our Lady of Fatima, inc (AOLF)
  • Santa Barbara College of San Fernando (Proposed)
  • Infant Jesus Learning Center (IJLC)
  • Mother of Good Counsel Seminary (MGCS)
  • Lyndale Academy (LA)

Festivals and Local Events

  • January 31 - Pedro Abad Santos
    Pedro Abad Santos
    Pedro Abad Santos was a Filipino doctor, lawyer, Marxist and politician who later became a leader of the first of two Philippine communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s.-Early years:...

     Day
  • February 4 - Cityhood Anniversary
  • Good Friday - San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites
    San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites
    The San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites is a Holy Week re-enactment of Christ’s Passion and Death which takes place in Barangay San Pedro Cutud, City of San Fernando, Pampanga in the Philippines....

  • May 7 - Jose Abad Santos
    José Abad Santos
    In 1919, Abad Santos would become instrumental in laying the legal groundwork as well as drafting the by-laws and constitution of the Philippine Women's University, the country's and Asia's first private non-sectarian institution for higher learning for women...

     Day
  • First Saturday of May - El Circulo Fernandino
    El Círculo Fernandino
    The El Circulo Fernandino is the annual reception and ball of the City of San Fernando, Pampanga to open the fiesta celebrations culminating on May 30. It is one of the most prestigious social events in Pampanga where, as in the olden days, women would flaunt their best jewelry, gowns and ternos,...

  • May 30 - San Fernando City Fiesta
  • September 10 - San Fernando Women's Day
  • First Week of October - Piestang Tugak San Fernando Frog Festival
    San Fernando Frog Festival
    The San Fernando Frog Festival takes place in Pampanga in The Philippines.As part of its aim to preserve the Kapampangan culture, the City of San Fernando, Pampanga organizes the Piestang Tugak to promote the various frog traditions of the province...

  • First Week of December - Sinukwan Festival
    Sinukwan Festival
    The Sinukwan Festival relives the Kapampangan spirit with a week-long calendar of cultural revivals capped by a grand street-dance parade in the streets of San Fernando, with towns outdoing each other to the tune of “Atin Cu Pung Singsing.” Organized annually by the Save Pampanga Movement, the...

  • December 11 - Aldo ning Kapampangan
  • Saturday before Christmas Eve - Giant Lantern Festival
    Giant Lantern Festival
    The Giant Lantern Festival is an annual festival held in December in the City of San Fernando in the Philippines. The festival features a competition of giant lanterns. Because of the popularity of the festival, the city has been nicknamed the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines".The first...


WOW Philippines Hilaga


Formerly known as the Paskuhan Village
Paskuhan Village
The Paskuhan Village in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines is the only theme park in Asia where Christmas is celebrated year-round.-External links:*...

.
Located at the mouth of the San Fernando Toll Exit along the North Luzon Expressway, North Philippines Hilaga was transformed into a cultural, historical, tourism, trade, and entertainment village by former Secretary Richard J. Gordon in 2003. Its design and concept make it a virtual window to the cultural and historical heritage of the four regions of the North Philippines as well as a showcase for their indigenous products, and arts and crafts. The star-shaped pavilions at the center pays tribute to the skilled lantern makers of San Fernando, Pampanga which produces the biggest lanterns in the world. The complex features a 1,000-seat capacity air-conditioned pavilion for conventions and special events, an open-air amphitheater for outdoor activities, air-conditioned exhibit halls, trade booths, garden restos and an 60-seat capacity conference hall.

Archdiocesan Museum and Archives

The Archdiocesan Museum and Archives of the Archdiocese of San Fernando is housed at the University of the Assumption
University of the Assumption
-History:The University of the Assumption is a private Archdiocesan Catholic university located in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines. It was founded on January 12, 1963,when the bishop of San Fernando, Most Reverend Emilio A. Cinense, D.D.,assisted by Msgr. Pedro D...

, and includes antiques and exquisite works of art depicting Pampanga's rich cultural heritage. It contains numerous ecclesiastical artifacts ranging from a huge churchbell to paintings; ivory and wooden statues of all shapes and sizes, vestments worn by priests during Mass and chalices, monstrances, reliquaries and ciboriums made of gold, silver and precious gems, some dating back to the 17th century.

The City of San Fernando Heritage District

The City of San Fernando Heritage District covers the historic core of San Fernando, including Barangay Santo Rosario and parts of Barangays San Jose (Panlumacan), Santa Teresita (Baritan), Lourdes (Teopaco), Del Pilar, Santa Lucia and Santo Niño. These important sites are broken down under Heritage Houses, Historic Government Buildings, Schools, and Hospitals, and Historic Industrial Structures and Sites

Churches and Other Religious Structures


  • Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando
    Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando
    The Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando City, Pampanga is the seat of the Archdiocese of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines.In 1755 the first structure of wood and thatch was built on this site by the Augustinian friars under the patronage of San Fernando III, King of Castile. Fray Sebastian...

  • Church of San Vicente Ferrer
    Church of San Vicente Ferrer
    The Church of San Vicente Ferrer is located in Calulut, City of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines. It was established as a parish in 1914. Originally, it encompassed 28 barangays from as far as Anao in Mexico to the east, Dolores to the south, Telabastagan to the north and a number of villages of...

     (Barangay Calulut) – heavily damaged by renovations
  • Virgen de los Remedios Church (Barangay Baliti) – damaged by recent renovations
  • Jeosay Shinhongkong Temple (Barangay San Jose)

Heritage Houses



  • Hizon-Singian House
    Hizon-Singian House
    The Hizon-Singian House is a heritage house located in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Built in 1870 by the couple Don Anacleto Hizon, gobernadorcillo of San Fernando from 1877-1879 and 1886-1887, and Victoria Singian de Miranda y de Ocampo. Inherited by their daughter Victoria Hizon y Singian...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Henson-Hizon House
    Henson-Hizon House
    The Henson-Hizon House is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines. This bahay-na-bato of the Spanish colonial period was declared a Heritage House by the National Historical Institute on 27 January 2003 by virtue of Resolution No. 3, S...

     (V. Tiomico Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Lazatin House
    Lazatin House
    The Lazatin House is one of the two heritage houses owned by the Lazatin family in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga province in the Philippines.-History:...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Dayrit-Cuyugan House
    Dayrit-Cuyugan House
    The Dayrit-Cuyugan House is a heritage house in the City of San Fernano, in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. This ancestral house, which exemplifies the architecture prevalent during the American colonial period was declared a Heritage House by the National Historical Institute on 27 January...

     (MacArthur Highway, Barangay Dolores)
  • Consunji House
    Consunji House
    The Consunji House is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga province in the Philippines.-History:The house was the residence of Antonio E. Consunji, the gobernadorcillo of San Fernando in 1892. He was removed from office by the ruling Spanish government because of his attendance...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Tabacalera House
    Tabacalera House
    The Tabacalera House is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Built by Tabacalera owned by Don Ramon Lopez. The first floor of the house served as the office of Tabacalera. The property was owned by Simeon Ocampo...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Hizon-Ocampo House
    Hizon-Ocampo House
    The Hizon-Ocampo House is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. The first residence of Anacleto Hizon and Victoria Singian de Miranda, it has inherited by their daughter Leoncia Hizon who was married to Basilio Ocampo, gobernadorcillo of San Fernando. Among their children was...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Santos-Hizon House
    Santos-Hizon House
    The Augusto P. Hizon House is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga province in the Philippines. The house is located along Consunji Street in the city.-History:...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Pampanga Hotel
    Pampanga Hotel
    The Pampanga Hotel is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. The residence of Asuncion Santos, a daughter of Don Teodoro Santos, Sr. , who married Andres Eusebio, it was the first site of the Pampanga High School when it first opened. Later became the site of the Harvardian College...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Archdiocesan Chancery
    Archdiocesan Chancery
    The Archdiocesan Chancery is a heritage house in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. It was the former residence of Luis Wenceslao Dison and Felisa Hizon that was purchased by the Archdiocese of San Fernando, Pampanga. It is now being used as the Archdiocesan Chancery....

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay San Jose)

Historic Government Buildings, Schools, and Hospitals

  • City Hall of San Fernando
    Municipio of San Fernando
    The City Hall of San Fernando, Pampanga is a heritage building of the City of San Fernando, Pampanga province, Philippines. The first casa municipal was built in the present site in 1755 out of stone and thatch. It was burned by the Philippine Revolutionary Army on orders of Gen. Antonio Luna, on...

     (A. Consunji Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Pampanga Provincial Capitol
    Pampanga Provincial Capitol
    The Pampanga Capitol is the seat of government of the Province of Pampanga. The original building was constructed shortly after the provincial capital of Pampanga was transferred from Bacolor to San Fernando in 1904. Annexes were added before the war...

     (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • Presidio
    Pampanga Presidio
    Pampanga Provincial Jail was among the buildings built in 1907 when the property of the current Provincial Capitol was acquired. It used to house the courts of Pampanga before serving as the Pampanga Provincial Jail....

     (Artemio Macalino Street, Barangay Sto. Niño)
  • Provincial High School Building (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • Pampanga High School
    Pampanga High School
    Pampanga National High School It was formerly known as Jose Abad Santos High School or JASHS. The current main building of Pampanga High School was completed in 1935. It follows Standard Plan No...

     Building (High School Boulevard, Barangay Lourdes)
  • San Fernando Elementary School (B. Mendoza Street, Barangay Santo Rosario)
  • Old St. Scholastica's Academy (Pedro Abad Santos Road, Barangay Sta. Teresita)
  • Pampanga Provincial Hospital
    Jose B. Lingad Memorial Regional Hospital
    Built during the American colonial period, the Pampanga Provincial Hospital is currently part of the Jose B. Lingad Memorial Regional Hospital, which is named after the former Pampanga governor....

     (Barangay Dolores)
  • Virgen de los Remedios Hospital (A. Consunji Street, Barangay San Jose)

Industrial Heritage Structures and Sites


  • San Fernando Train Station (Barangay Santo Niño)
  • PASUDECO Sugar Central
    Pampanga Sugar Development Company
    The Pampanga Sugar Development Company built the first Filipino-financed sugar central in Pampanga, Philippines. It was incorporated in April, 1918....

     (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • PASUDECO Staff Houses and Commissary
    Pampanga Sugar Development Company
    The Pampanga Sugar Development Company built the first Filipino-financed sugar central in Pampanga, Philippines. It was incorporated in April, 1918....

     (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • San Fernando Water Reservoir (Barangay Lourdes)
  • The Sugar Pugons (Greenville Subdivision and Barangay Quebiawan)
  • Calulut Train Station (Barangay Calulut) – heavily damaged by informal settlers
  • Baluyut Bridge (Gen. Hizon Avenue, Barangay Santo Rosario)

Commercial Structures

  • The Arcaded Shop Buildings of Consunji Street - 1950s (Barangay Santo Rosario)

Lantern Factories


Several lantern factories can be visited in Unisite Subdivision, Barangay Del Pilar, as well as in Barangays Santa Lucia, San Jose and Dolores.

Notable Fernandinos

  • Jose Abad Santos
    José Abad Santos
    In 1919, Abad Santos would become instrumental in laying the legal groundwork as well as drafting the by-laws and constitution of the Philippine Women's University, the country's and Asia's first private non-sectarian institution for higher learning for women...

    , a former Chief Justice (featured in PHP1000 bill)
  • Pedro Abad Santos
    Pedro Abad Santos
    Pedro Abad Santos was a Filipino doctor, lawyer, Marxist and politician who later became a leader of the first of two Philippine communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s.-Early years:...

    , a former assemblyman and founder of the Socialist Party
  • Sotero J. Baluyut, a former senator and cabinet secretary
  • Dennis Gabriel Paras Bondoc,CCA, frog collector and a multi-awarded Fusion Chef who contributed various Frog Recipes and advocacies with Frogs in the City's celebration of the Annual Pyestang Tugak (Feast of the Frogs).
  • Vivencio Cuyugan
    Vivencio Cuyugan
    Vivencio B. Cuyugan was born in San Fernando, Pampanga to Saturnino P. Cuyugan and Antonina Y. Baron. He studied in the United States where he supported himself through professional boxing and became known as the "Big Brown Filipino." He was appointed Municipal Vice-President of San Fernando in...

    , first Socialist mayor in the Philippines
  • Amando G. Dayrit
    Amando G. Dayrit
    Amando G. Dayrit was born in San Jose, San Fernando, Pampanga to Florentino Singian Dayrit and Juana Gatchalian Galang. A prolific writer and columnist, he was author of the renowned "Tribune" column "Good Morning Judge." During the Japanese Occupation, he contributed to the underground "Free...

    , a renowned pre-war newspaper columnist
  • Conrado Dayrit http://www.nast.dost.gov.ph/pro_dayrit.htm, a cardiologist, virgin coconut oil proponent and President of the National Academy of Science and Technology (1992–1999)
  • Nicolasa Dayrit
    Nicolasa Dayrit
    Nicolasa Pamintuan Dayrit-Panlilio was a Philippine non-combatant in the Philippine-American War. Her actions not only included helping to minister the sick and wounded Philippine combatants, but also played a major role in appeasing General Antonio Luna during his confrontation with General Tomas...

    , a revolutionary hero
  • Zoilo Hilario, an assemblyman and poet
  • Fernando H. Ocampo
    Fernando H. Ocampo
    Fernando Hizon Ocampo was a Filipino Architect and Civil Engineer. Born August 7, 1897, in San Fernando, Pampanga, he was the son of Dr. Basilio Ocampo and Leoncia Hizon....

    , a founder of the UST College of Architecture and Fine Arts
  • Honesto F. Ongtioco, bishop of Cubao
  • Tony Perez, a playwright

Television Networks

  • InfoMax 8 (cable)
  • MBC-TV Natin: Channel 12
  • CLTV 36
    DWRW-TV
    DWRW-TV, channel 36, is a television station of Philippine television network Central Luzon Broadcasting Corporation, Its studios and transmitter located in San Fernando, Pampanga....

  • GNN TV 44 San Fernando
    Global News Network
    GNN or Global News Network is a dedicated news and public affairs cable channel based in the Philippines. It broadcasts on channel 8 in Metro Manila via Global Destiny Cable TV, nationwide and some parts of Asia through Global Satellite TV , and online via Ustream.tv...

  • ABS-CBN TV46 Pampanga
    ABS-CBN
    ABS–CBN Corporation is a Philippine-based media conglomerate. It is the Philippines' largest media and entertainment conglomerate. The corporation was the merger of Alto Broadcasting System which at that time owned by James Lindenberg and Antonio Quirino, and the Chronicle Broadcasting Network ...

  • GMA Network: Channel 7 & Channel 10
  • TV5
    Associated Broadcasting Company
    The Associated Broadcasting Company, Inc is a television network in the Philippines, with main broadcast facilities and transmitter located at 762 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City. The network was previously known as the , Associated Broadcasting Company remains the legal...

    : Channel 28 & Channel 5

External links