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Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec

Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec

Overview
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue is a town located at the western tip of the Island of Montreal
Island of Montreal
The Island of Montreal , in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. It is separated from Île Jésus by the Rivière des Prairies....

 in southwestern Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

, Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

. It is the second oldest community in Montreal's West Island
West Island
The West Island is the unofficial name given to the western cities and boroughs of the Island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada...

, having been founded as a parish in 1703. The oldest, Dorval, was founded in 1667.

Points of interest include the Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal
The Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal is a canal and set of locks linking Lake Saint-Louis and Lake of Two Mountains at Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, the very western-most point of Montreal Island, Quebec, Canada...

 (a National Historic Site of Canada), the Sainte-Anne Veterans' Hospital, the Morgan Arboretum
Morgan Arboretum
The Morgan Arboretum is a forested reserve, situated on the McGill University Macdonald Campus in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue on the western tip of the island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada...

, and the three nature parks transferred from Pierrefonds-Senneville
Pierrefonds-Senneville
Pierrefonds-Senneville is a former Montreal borough in the West Island area of Montreal, Quebec.It was formed by forced merger on January 1, 2002...

.
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Encyclopedia
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue is a town located at the western tip of the Island of Montreal
Island of Montreal
The Island of Montreal , in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. It is separated from Île Jésus by the Rivière des Prairies....

 in southwestern Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

, Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

. It is the second oldest community in Montreal's West Island
West Island
The West Island is the unofficial name given to the western cities and boroughs of the Island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada...

, having been founded as a parish in 1703. The oldest, Dorval, was founded in 1667.

Points of interest include the Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal
The Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal is a canal and set of locks linking Lake Saint-Louis and Lake of Two Mountains at Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, the very western-most point of Montreal Island, Quebec, Canada...

 (a National Historic Site of Canada), the Sainte-Anne Veterans' Hospital, the Morgan Arboretum
Morgan Arboretum
The Morgan Arboretum is a forested reserve, situated on the McGill University Macdonald Campus in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue on the western tip of the island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada...

, and the three nature parks transferred from Pierrefonds-Senneville
Pierrefonds-Senneville
Pierrefonds-Senneville is a former Montreal borough in the West Island area of Montreal, Quebec.It was formed by forced merger on January 1, 2002...

. It is also home to John Abbott College
John Abbott College
John Abbott College is an English-language general and professional educational college located in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada, near the western tip of the Island of Montreal. The enabling legislation is the General and Vocational Colleges Act -History:The college was accredited in...

 and McGill University
McGill University
Mohammed Fathy is a public research university located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The university bears the name of James McGill, a prominent Montreal merchant from Glasgow, Scotland, whose bequest formed the beginning of the university...

's Macdonald Campus
Macdonald Campus
The Macdonald Campus of McGill University houses its Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, and the McGill School of Environment.- History :...

, which includes the J. S. Marshall Radar Observatory and about two square kilometres of farmland which separates the small town from neighbouring Baie-d'Urfé
Baie-d'Urfé, Quebec
Baie-D'Urfé is a suburb located near to the western tip of the Island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada. After the amalgamation of the Island's 27 distinct municipalities, it was merged on January 1, 2002 with neighbouring Beaconsfield to create the borough of Beaconsfield–Baie-D'Urfé, in the new...

.

History


Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue was established on a location once known and frequented by both the Algonquin and Iroquois
Iroquois
The Iroquois , also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse", are an association of several tribes of indigenous people of North America...

 peoples. Situated between two important lakes (Lac des Deux-Montagnes and Lac Saint Louis) and near the confluence of two important rivers (the Saint Laurence River and the Ottawa River) both nations recognized its natural strategic advantages and had names for the place. The oral records show that it was named “Tiotenactokte” by the Algonquin, which means "place of the last encampments" and that the Iroquois called it “Skanawetsy” meaning "white waters, after the rapids".

In 1663, the Saint-Louis Mission was originally founded in the west end of Montreal Island at Pointe-Caron (site of the present-day Baie-d'Urfé
Baie-d'Urfé, Quebec
Baie-D'Urfé is a suburb located near to the western tip of the Island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada. After the amalgamation of the Island's 27 distinct municipalities, it was merged on January 1, 2002 with neighbouring Beaconsfield to create the borough of Beaconsfield–Baie-D'Urfé, in the new...

 yacht club), and was led by François-Saturnin Lascaris d'Urfé
François-Saturnin Lascaris d'Urfé
François-Saturnin Lascaris d'Urfé was a French Sulpician Roman Catholic priest known as the first resident priest in the parish of Saint-Louis du Haut de l'Île in what became the town of Baie-D'Urfé on the Island of Montreal in New France....

. At that time, the mission included the entire area form the tip of Montreal Island to Pointe-Claire, Île Perrot, Soulanges, Vaudreuil, and Île aux Tourtes.

In 1672, King Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV , known as Louis the Great or the Sun King , was a Bourbon monarch who ruled as King of France and Navarre. His reign, from 1643 to his death in 1715, began at the age of four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days...

 granded fiefdoms bordering on Lake of Two Mountains and Lake Saint-Louis to Louis de Berthé, Lord of Chailly, and to his brother Gabriel, Lord of La Joubardière. One of these adjacent fiefdoms was called Bellevue, due to its good views to the east and west. In 1677, the Parish of Saint-Louis-du-Bout-de-l'Île, sometimes also called Saint-Louis-du-Haut-de-l'Île, was founded. But in 1703, the parish was closed and its registers moved to Lachine
Lachine
Lachine may refer to a number of places in the Montreal area:* Lachine, Quebec, the community* Lachine Rapids* Lachine Canal* The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site...

 because of the constant threat from the Iroquois
Iroquois
The Iroquois , also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse", are an association of several tribes of indigenous people of North America...

.

Around 1712, René-Charles de Breslay
René-Charles de Breslay
René-Charles de Breslay was born and educated in France where he spent a number of years as “gentleman in waiting of the privy chamber of the king”...

 (1658–1735), local parish priest from 1703 to 1719, got caught in a fierce snowstorm. He fell from his horse, broke his leg on the ice, and lost the horse. Breslay was allegedly saved through the intervention by Saint Anne
Saint Anne
Saint Hanna of David's house and line, was the mother of the Virgin Mary and grandmother of Jesus Christ according to Christian and Islamic tradition. English Anne is derived from Greek rendering of her Hebrew name Hannah...

, after which he built a chapel dedicated to her at the western-most point of Montreal Island next to Fort Senneville
Fort Senneville
Fort Senneville is one of the outlying forts of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, built by the Canadiens of New France near the Sainte-Anne rapids in 1671. The property was part of a fief ceded to Dugué de Boisbriant in 1672 by the Sulpicians. A large stone windmill, which doubled as a watch tower, was...

 and Tourtes Island (Île aux Tourtes). Two years later, the parish was reestablished and took the name Sainte-Anne-du-Bout-de-l'Île.

In 1835, the local post office opened. In 1843, the Sainte-Anne Canal
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal
The Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal is a canal and set of locks linking Lake Saint-Louis and Lake of Two Mountains at Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, the very western-most point of Montreal Island, Quebec, Canada...

 was completed, resulting in a large amount of travellers and merchants passing through the village. Another impetus to its development came a few years later in 1854, when the Grand Trunk Railway
Grand Trunk Railway
The Grand Trunk Railway was a railway system which operated in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, as well as the American states of Connecticut, Maine, Michigan, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont. The railway was operated from headquarters in Montreal, Quebec; however, corporate...

 was built through the area, followed by the Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
The Canadian Pacific Railway , formerly also known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railway founded in 1881 and now operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001...

 in 1887.

In 1845, the place was first incorporated as the Municipality of Bout-de-l'Isle. This was abolished two years later, but in 1855, it was reestablished as the Parish Municipality of Sainte-Anne-en-l'Isle-de-Montréal. In 1878, the main settlement was incorporated as a separate village municipality, and the parish municipality was renamed to Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue that same year. The village municipality changed its status to town (ville) on January 12, 1895.

The early 20th century saw several developments in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue: the Macdonald College
Macdonald Campus
The Macdonald Campus of McGill University houses its Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, and the McGill School of Environment.- History :...

 (affiliated to the McGill University
McGill University
Mohammed Fathy is a public research university located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The university bears the name of James McGill, a prominent Montreal merchant from Glasgow, Scotland, whose bequest formed the beginning of the university...

) was established in 1907; the Federal Government built a veteran's hospital in 1917; the Galipeault Bridge
Galipeault Bridge
The Galipeault Bridge is a bridge on the western tip of the Island of Montreal, spanning the Ottawa River between Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue and L'Île-Perrot, Quebec, Canada. It carries four lanes of Autoroute 20, and was named after Antonin Galipeault, who was minister of public works under...

 was built in 1924 and doubled in 1964, linking Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue with Perrot Island
Île Perrot
Île Perrot is an island west of the island of Montreal in the Canadian province of Quebec. Part of the Hochelaga Archipelago, the island lies between Lake Saint-Louis and Lac des Deux-Montagnes....

.

In 1911, the parish municipality lost part of its territory when Baie-d'Urfé
Baie-d'Urfé, Quebec
Baie-D'Urfé is a suburb located near to the western tip of the Island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada. After the amalgamation of the Island's 27 distinct municipalities, it was merged on January 1, 2002 with neighbouring Beaconsfield to create the borough of Beaconsfield–Baie-D'Urfé, in the new...

 became a separate municipality. In 1964, the town of Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue annexed the parish municipality. On January 1, 2002, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue in turn was among the municipalities that were merged into the new City of Montreal. Following a referendum, the town was reestablished on January 1, 2006.

Government


The current mayor of Saint-Anne-de-Bellevue is Francis Deroo. There are six city councilors.
  1. Jay Van Wagner (District 1)
  2. Ryan Young (District 2)
  3. Gerry Lavigne (District 3)
  4. James Anderson (District 4)
  5. Michel Bouassaly (District 5)
  6. Paola Hawa (District 6)

List of mayors


The former mayor of Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue were:
  • Jules Tremblay, 1878–1879
  • Thomas Grenier, 1880–1884, 1885–1886
  • Antoine St-Denis, 1881–1883
  • D. Lebeau, 1887
  • L. Michaud, 1888–1897
  • M. C. Bezner, 1898–1899, 1901–1905, 1909–10, 1915–1916
  • L.N.F. Cypihot, 1900, 1921–1922
  • J.A. Aumais, 1906
  • Guis. Daoust, 1906, 1917–1920
  • Bruno Lalonde, 1907–1908, 1913–1914
  • J.S. Vallée, 1911–1912
  • L.J. Boileau, 1923–1931, 1933–1934
  • A.R. Demers, 1932, 1935–1938
  • E.E. Deslauriers, 1939–1951
  • Philippe Godin, 1951–1965
  • J.L. Paquin, 1965–1973
  • Alphonse Trudeau, 1973–1978
  • Marcel Marleau, 1978–1984
  • René Martin, 1984–1994
  • Bill Tierney, 1994–2001, 2005–2009

Population


Population trend
Census Population Change (%)
2006 5,197 2.7%
2001 5,062 7.7%
1996 4,700 16.6%
1991 4,030 N/A

Language


Home language (2006)
Language Population Pct (%)
English 2,480 52.04%
French 1,850 38.82%
Both English and French 80 1.68%
Other languages 355 7.45%

In the city the population was spread out with 18.5% under the age of 15, 10.4% from 15 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.8 males. For every 100 females age 15 and over, there were 116.8 males.

There were 1,930 households out of which 29.8% had children living with them, 40.7% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 7.3% had a female lone-parent as a householder, and 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average married-couple family size was 3.1.

Christians
Christianity
Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings...

 made up 79.4% of the population, or 61.7% Catholic
Catholicism
Catholicism is a broad term for the body of the Catholic faith, its theologies and doctrines, its liturgical, ethical, spiritual, and behavioral characteristics, as well as a religious people as a whole....

, 16.5% Protestant
Protestantism
Protestantism is one of the three major groupings within Christianity. It is a movement that began in Germany in the early 16th century as a reaction against medieval Roman Catholic doctrines and practices, especially in regards to salvation, justification, and ecclesiology.The doctrines of the...

, 0.9% Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox Church
The Orthodox Church, officially called the Orthodox Catholic Church and commonly referred to as the Eastern Orthodox Church, is the second largest Christian denomination in the world, with an estimated 300 million adherents mainly in the countries of Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece,...

, and 0.3% other Christian
Christian denomination
A Christian denomination is an identifiable religious body under a common name, structure, and doctrine within Christianity. In the Orthodox tradition, Churches are divided often along ethnic and linguistic lines, into separate churches and traditions. Technically, divisions between one group and...

. Other religions in the city include 3.3% Muslim
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

, 1.3% Jewish
Judaism
Judaism ) is the "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people...

, 1.3% Eastern religions, and 0.3% other religions. 14.1% of the population claimed to have no religious affiliation.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,092, and the median income for a family was $65,637. Males had an average income of $41,619 versus $28,026 for females. About 5.7% of the labour force was unemployed. The largest occupation categories were 21.2% employed in business, finance, and administration occupations, 18.4% sales and service occupations, and 14.8% in social science, education, government service and religion occupations.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding of data samples

Transportation


Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue is traversed by Autoroute 40
Quebec Autoroute 40
Autoroute 40 is a major highway on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada. It is one of the two main connections between Montreal and Quebec City...

 (the Trans-Canada Highway
Trans-Canada Highway
The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins the ten provinces of Canada. It is, along with the Trans-Siberian Highway and Australia's Highway 1, one of the world's longest national highways, with the main route spanning 8,030 km...

) and Autoroute 20
Quebec Autoroute 20
Autoroute 20 is a major Quebec Autoroute, following the Saint Lawrence River through one of the more densely-populated parts of Canada, and is part of the Trans-Canada Highway. At , it is the longest Autoroute in Quebec...

, which crosses the Ottawa River
Ottawa River
The Ottawa River is a river in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. For most of its length, it now defines the border between these two provinces.-Geography:...

 over the Galipeault Bridge
Galipeault Bridge
The Galipeault Bridge is a bridge on the western tip of the Island of Montreal, spanning the Ottawa River between Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue and L'Île-Perrot, Quebec, Canada. It carries four lanes of Autoroute 20, and was named after Antonin Galipeault, who was minister of public works under...

 linking it to Île Perrot
Île Perrot
Île Perrot is an island west of the island of Montreal in the Canadian province of Quebec. Part of the Hochelaga Archipelago, the island lies between Lake Saint-Louis and Lac des Deux-Montagnes....

.

For public transit, the town is served by the Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue commuter train station
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue (AMT)
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue is a commuter rail station on the AMT Vaudreuil-Hudson Line in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada.-Société de transport de Montréal:-CIT La Presqu'ile:-External links:*...

 on the Dorion-Rigaud Line. It also covered by the bus network of the Société de transport de Montréal
Société de transport de Montréal
The Société de transport de Montréal is a public transport agency that operates transit bus, and rapid transit services in Montreal, Quebec, Canada...

.

See also

  • List of former boroughs
  • Montreal Merger
    Montreal Merger
    As with other large cities like New York City and Toronto, the legal geographic boundaries of Montreal have been reorganized to incorporate adjacent communities which are integral to its social and economic life.-Merger and demerger:...

  • Municipal reorganization in Quebec
    Municipal reorganization in Quebec
    The most recent episode of municipal reorganization in Quebec, Canada, was undertaken in 2002 by the Parti Québécois Government of Quebec, headed by Premier Lucien Bouchard and his successor Bernard Landry....

  • Morgan Arboretum
    Morgan Arboretum
    The Morgan Arboretum is a forested reserve, situated on the McGill University Macdonald Campus in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue on the western tip of the island of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada...

  • Ecomuseum Zoo
    Ecomuseum Zoo
    The Ecomuseum Zoo is a Canadian zoological park in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec. It occupies 11 hectares of land on the western tip of the Island of Montreal....


External links