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was a New York City Subway
The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit...
car built by the St. Louis Car Company
The St. Louis Car Company was a major United States manufacturer of railroad passenger cars, streetcars, trolleybuses and locomotives that existed from 1887–1973, based in St. Louis, Missouri.-History:...
for the New York City Transit Authority
The New York City Transit Authority is a public authority in the U.S. state of New York that operates public transportation in New York City...
in 1960–61. The R27s were a continuation of the R16
The R16 was a New York City Subway car manufactured by American Car and Foundry Company. The R16s were assigned to the BMT Eastern Division, although they showed up on the IND Queens and BMT Southern divisions from time to time....
The cars were "Protestant" married pairs, which means that they were coupled together as pairs. Their initial assignment was on the Brighton line in 1960, where they ushered in letter markings on the BMT. These cars along with the R30s replaced the oldest BMT Standards including all 50 of the trailer cars, the ME-1s that came from the SIRT, MS Multi-section cars, and the IRT Lo-Vs that were modified to be used on shuttles on the BMT division.
Eventually, once they had arrived in sufficient numbers, they provided all weekend service on the BMT Southern Division. The R27s were primarily BMT Eastern Division cars after November 1967, although they would appear in the northern and southern divisions as well as on IND routes from time to time.
In the 1980s 24 selected GE R27s were painted in the fox red paint scheme similar to the 162 GE R30s and were kept in the Clean Car Program. http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?4549
Most of the R27s started retiring with the arrival of the R68/R68As from 1986-1989 and the whole fleet was completely retired by 1990 and all, but one car 8145
were scrapped through the early 1990s. 8145
was used as part of the School Car Service program, which ended in early 2011. The car was donated to the New York Transit Museum afterwards. 8145 is located in the Pitkin Yard. http://nycsubway.org/perl/show?6306