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The tortrix moth genus
In biology, a genus is a low-level taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, which is an example of definition by genus and differentia...
belongs to the tribe
In biology, a tribe is a taxonomic rank between family and genus. It is sometimes subdivided into subtribes.Some examples include the tribes: Canini, Acalypheae, Hominini, Bombini, and Antidesmeae.-See also:* Biological classification* Rank...
The Grapholitini are a tribe of tortrix moths.-Genera:The Grapholitini are a tribe of tortrix moths.-Genera:The Grapholitini are a tribe of tortrix...
of subfamily Olethreutinae
Olethreutinae is a subfamily of moth in the family Tortricidae.-Genera incertae sedis:This tortricine genus has not been assigned to a tribe yet:...
Obsolete scientific names (junior synonyms and others) of Pammene
- Encelis (lapsus
A lapsus is an involuntary mistake made while writing or speaking. According to Freud's early psychoanalytic theory, a lapsus represents a missed deed that hides an unconscious desire....
- Eucelis Hübner, 
- Encells (lapsus)
- Halonota Stephens, 1852
- Hemene (lapsus)
- Hemerosia Stephens, 1852
- Hemimene Hübner, 1825
- Heusimene Stephens, 1834
- Metasphaeroeca Fernald, 1908
- Orchemia Guenée, 1845
- Palla Billberg, 1820 (non Hübner, 1819: preoccupied)
- Pamene (lapsus)
- Pammena (lapsus)
- Phthoroblastis Lederer, 1859
- Psudotomia Stephens, 1829
- Pyrodes Guenée, 1845 (non Audinet-Serville, 1832: preoccupied)
- Sphaeroeca Meyrick, 1895 (non Lauterborn, 1894: preoccupied)
- Trycheris Guenée, 1845
The synonymy of Pammene
has been subject to some confusion with its close relatives Cydia
Cydia is a large genus of tortrix moths, belonging to the tribe Grapholitini of subfamily Olethreutinae. Its distinctness from and delimitation versus the tribe's type genus Grapholita requires further study....
Epinotia is a very large genus of tortrix moths . It belongs to the tribe Eucosmini of subfamily Olethreutinae.-Species:166 species of Epinotia were considered valid as of 2009...
: Eucelis, Orchemia
are sometimes listed as junior synonyms of the former, and Halonota
has been listed as synonym of the latter. But the type species
In biological nomenclature, a type species is both a concept and a practical system which is used in the classification and nomenclature of animals and plants. The value of a "type species" lies in the fact that it makes clear what is meant by a particular genus name. A type species is the species...
is Tortrix mediana
(a junior synonym of P. aurana
Pammene aurana is a moth of the Tortricidae family. It is found in most of Europe and adjacent Asia.The wingspan is 9-13 mm. Adults are on wing from June to August. There is one generation per year.The larvae feed on Heracleum sphondylium....
), that of Orchemia
is O. gallicana
(a junior synonym of P. gallicana
), and that of Halonota
is Pyralis populana
(a junior synonym of P. populana
). Thus, Eucelis, Halonota, Orchemia
are all junior subjective synonym of the present genus.