is a comprehensive dictionary
A dictionary is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often listed alphabetically, with usage information, definitions, etymologies, phonetics, pronunciations, and other information; or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, also known as a lexicon...
of written New Norwegian (Nynorsk
Nynorsk or New Norwegian is one of two official written standards for the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål. The standard language was created by Ivar Aasen during the mid-19th century, to provide a Norwegian alternative to the Danish language which was commonly written in Norway at the...
) and the Norwegian dialect
The term dialect is used in two distinct ways, even by linguists. One usage refers to a variety of a language that is a characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. The term is applied most often to regional speech patterns, but a dialect may also be defined by other factors,...
s, planned to twelve volumes and with seven volumes published. The work will be completed in 2014. It is edited at the University of Oslo
The University of Oslo , formerly The Royal Frederick University , is the oldest and largest university in Norway, situated in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. The university was founded in 1811 and was modelled after the recently established University of Berlin...
, published by the Norwegian publishing house Det Norske Samlaget, and financed by a direct government grant. Generally regarded as the definitive dictionary of Nynorsk, it defines around 25,000 headwords per volume and will end at around 300 000 headwords. Illustrative quotations are drawn both from spoken Norwegian (with a geographical reference) and from literature.
covers the neo-Norwegian period from 1600 onwards, though coverage for the first two centuries is scant, consisting mainly of records of spoken Norwegian. Norsk Ordbok
has good coverage of the period from 1850 onwards, the pioneer years of establishing Nynorsk as a written standard.
The collections on which Norsk Ordbok
are based were started in 1930, and comprise some 3.2 million literary excerpts and dialect quotations. The slip archives are now digitised, and supplied with a corpus
In linguistics, a corpus or text corpus is a large and structured set of texts...
of Nynorsk from 1850 onwards. The collections are accessible through Norsk Ordbok 2014 Search page
Editing started in 1947, with volume 1 appearing in 1965, volume 2 in 1978, volume 3 in 1994 and volume 4 in 2003.
Norsk Ordbok was reorganised in 2002 with a view to speed up editing, and will be finished in 2014, to coincide with the bicentenary of the Norwegian
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed. These rules together make up, i.e. constitute, what the entity is...
. Volume 6, the second volume to appear after the reorganisation, was published in 2007.