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National Vocational Qualification

National Vocational Qualification

Overview
National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) are work based awards in England, Wales
Wales
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west. It has a population of three million, and a total area of 20,779 km²...

 and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west...

 that are achieved through assessment and training. In Scotland
Scotland
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

 they are known as Scottish Vocational Qualification (SVQ).

To achieve an NVQ, candidates must prove that they have the ability (competence) to carry out their job to the required standard. NVQs are based on National Occupational Standards
National Occupational Standards
National Occupational Standards specify UK standards of performance that people are expected to achieve in their work, and the knowledge and skills they need to perform effectively.-Definition:...

 that describe the 'competencies' expected in any given job role.
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Encyclopedia
National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) are work based awards in England, Wales
Wales
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west. It has a population of three million, and a total area of 20,779 km²...

 and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west...

 that are achieved through assessment and training. In Scotland
Scotland
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

 they are known as Scottish Vocational Qualification (SVQ).

To achieve an NVQ, candidates must prove that they have the ability (competence) to carry out their job to the required standard. NVQs are based on National Occupational Standards
National Occupational Standards
National Occupational Standards specify UK standards of performance that people are expected to achieve in their work, and the knowledge and skills they need to perform effectively.-Definition:...

 that describe the 'competencies' expected in any given job role. Typically, candidates will work towards an NVQ that reflects their role in a paid or voluntary position. For example someone working in an admin office role may take an NVQ in Business and Administration.

There are five levels of NVQ ranging from Level 1, which focuses on basic work activities, to Level 5 for senior management.

Levels

  • Level 1
    Competence that involves the application of knowledge in the performance of a range of varied work activities, most of which are routine and predictable.
  • Level 2
    Competence that involves the application of knowledge in a significant range of varied work activities, performed in a variety of contexts. Collaboration with others, perhaps through membership of a work group or team, is often a requirement
  • Level 3
    Competence that involves the application of knowledge in a broad range of varied work activities performed in a wide variety of contexts, most of which are complex and non-routine. There is considerable responsibility and autonomy and control or guidance of others is often required.
  • Level 4
    Competence that involves the application of knowledge in a broad range of complex, technical or professional work activities performed in a variety of contexts and with a substantial degree of personal responsibility and autonomy. Responsibility for the work of others and the allocation of resources is often present.
  • Level 5
    Competence that involves the application of a range of fundamental principles across a wide and often unpredictable variety of contexts. Very substantial personal autonomy and often significant responsibility for the work of others and for the allocation of substantial resources features strongly, as do personal accountabilities for analysis, diagnosis, design, planning, execution and evaluation

According to research by the London School of Economics


NVQs are not formally defined in terms of equivalence to conventional academic qualifications. However for the compilation of social statistics and other purposes, approximate equivalences have to be established. The following equivalences are used by the London School of Economics
London School of Economics
The London School of Economics and Political Science is a public research university specialised in the social sciences located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London...

's Research Lab
  • NVQ 1 = foundation GNVQ
    General National Vocational Qualification
    A General National Vocational Qualification, or GNVQ, is a certificate of vocational education in the United Kingdom. The last GNVQs were awarded in 2007....

    , three to four GCSEs
    General Certificate of Secondary Education
    The General Certificate of Secondary Education is an academic qualification awarded in a specified subject, generally taken in a number of subjects by students aged 14–16 in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and is equivalent to a Level 2 and Level 1 in Key Skills...

     at grades D-E, Business & Technology Education Council
    Business And Technology Education Council (BTEC)
    The Business and Technology Education Council is the British body which awards vocational qualifications. Such qualifications are commonly referred to as "BTECs"....

     (BTEC) first certificate.
  • NVQ 2 = five GCSEs at grades A*-C, BTEC first diploma.
  • NVQ 3 = two or more A levels, BTEC Ordinary National Diploma (OND
    BTEC ND
    The BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma is a vocational qualification taken in England and Wales and Northern Ireland by young people aged 16 and over and by adults. The qualification is organised and awarded by the Edexcel Foundation within the BTEC brand...

    ), City & Guilds Advanced Craft.
  • NVQ 4 = BTEC Higher National Certificate (HNC
    Higher National Certificate
    A Higher National Certificate is a higher education qualification in the United Kingdom.In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the HNC is a BTEC qualification awarded by Edexcel, and in Scotland, an HNC is a Higher National awarded by the Scottish Qualifications Authority...

    ) or Higher National Diploma (HND
    Higher National Diploma
    A Higher National Diploma is a higher education qualification in the United Kingdom. This qualification can be used to gain entry into universities, and is considered equivalent to the first or second year of a university degree course....

    ), or City & Guilds Full Technological Certificate / Diploma
  • NVQ 5 =NQF 7-8

According to the Department for children,schools and families


http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/trends/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.showChart&cid=1&iid=1&chid=3

According to the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency


The Qualifications and Curriculum Authority
Qualifications and Curriculum Authority
The Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency is an exempt charity, and an executive non-departmental public body of the Department for Children, Schools and Families...

 and Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator have created a list of equivalents that vary from the LSE ones listed above. They can be viewed on the Ofqual website

According to the University for the Creative Arts


NVQ 1
  • GCSE, SCE, CSE,
  • City and Guilds level 1 & part 1,
  • RSA stage 1,
  • Vocational certificate (BTEC, BEC, SCOTBEC or SCOTVEC 1st or general certificate)
  • Basic literacy and numeracy qualifications, such as Wordpower and Numberpower


NVQ 2
  • RSA Stage 2/ diploma,
  • Pitmans intermediate,
  • City and Guilds craft: (BTEC, BEC, SCOTBEC, TEC, SCOTEC or SCOTVEC 1st or general diploma),
  • 1 A level, GNVQ or SNVQ


NVQ 3
  • City & Guilds (level 3, part 3 or advanced), 2 or more A levels, GNVQ/ SNVQ


NVQ 4
  • equivalent diploma, First degree, nursing or teaching qualification, HND


NVQ 5
  • equivalent diploma, Master's degree, PhD, PGC

According to City & Guilds



Licentiateship (post nominal: LCGI) sits on level 4 of the National Qualifications Framework, and is therefore comparable to lower NVQ level 4. Both Graduateship (GCGI) and Associateship (ACGI) are at level six of the National Qualifications Framework, compared by OFQUAL to the highest category NVQs of level 4. Membership (MCGI) is placed on NQF level 7, and Fellowship (FCGI) on level 8, compared by OFQUAL to NVQs of level 5. City & Guilds itself ties each NVQ to the level on the NQF with the same number.

Both Graduateship (GCGI) and Associateship (ACGI) have been awarded,before the year 2004, at level 5 of NVQ.

The Associateship has continued to be conferred since 1887 upon graduates of Imperial College who have been awarded a Bachelor of Science (Engineering), Bachelor of Engineering, or Master of Engineering degree in a discipline previous studied at the City & Guilds College.

Both Graduateship (GCGI) and Associateship (ACGI) are at same academic level.

According to the European Qualifications Framework-EQF



http://ec.europa.eu/eqf/compare/uk-eni_en.htm#comparison

The above gives only guidelines as to the equivalence of these qualifications as they measure different things. NVQs are a measure of competence to do a job whilst Academic qualifications generally measure the individual's knowledge of a subject.

Classifications


The NVQ Framework classifies the economy into the following areas:
  • Tending animals, plants and land
  • Extracting and providing natural resources
  • Constructing
  • Engineering
  • Manufacturing
  • Transporting
  • Providing goods and services
  • Providing health, social and protective services
  • Providing business services
  • Communicating
  • Developing and extending knowledge and skill

See also

  • Education in England
    Education in England
    Education in England is overseen by the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Local authorities take responsibility for implementing policy for public education and state schools at a regional level....

  • Education in Wales
    Education in Wales
    Education in Wales differs in certain respects from education elsewhere in the United Kingdom. For example, a significant number of students all over Wales are educated either wholly or largely through the medium of Welsh: in 2008/09, 22 per cent of classes in maintained primary schools used Welsh...

  • Education in Scotland
    Education in Scotland
    Scotland has a long history of universal provision of public education, and the Scottish education system is distinctly different from the other countries of the United Kingdom...

  • Education in Northern Ireland
    Education in Northern Ireland
    Education in Northern Ireland differs slightly from systems used elsewhere in the United Kingdom, though it is more similar to that used in England and Wales than it is to Scotland. A child's age on 1 July determines the point of entry into the relevant stage of education unlike England and Wales...

  • General National Vocational Qualification
    General National Vocational Qualification
    A General National Vocational Qualification, or GNVQ, is a certificate of vocational education in the United Kingdom. The last GNVQs were awarded in 2007....

  • Advanced Vocational Certificate of Education
    Advanced Vocational Certificate of Education
    Vocational Certificate of Education, usually shortened to VCE or Vocational A-Level or AVCE, was a vocational qualification that used to be available in Further Education colleges and school sixth forms in the United Kingdom....

  • National Qualifications Framework
    National Qualifications Framework
    The National Qualifications Framework is a credit transfer system developed for qualifications in England, Wales and Northern Ireland....

  • http://www.ofqual.gov.uk/qualification-and-assessment-framework/89-articles/250-explaining-the-national-qualifications-framework

Further reading

  • WOOD, R., JOHNSON. C, Blinkhorn,S.
    Steve Blinkhorn
    Stephen F. Blinkhorn is a British occupational psychologist and psychometrician , who continues to contribute to psychology and psychometric testing....

    & HALL, J. (1989) Boning, Blanching and Backtacking: Assessing Performance in the Workplace. Research and Development Series 46. Sheffield: Training Agency

External links