is a village in St. Joseph County
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 62,422 people, 23,381 households, and 16,600 families residing in the county. The population density was 124 people per square mile . There were 26,503 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile...
in the U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...
Michigan is a U.S. state located in the Great Lakes Region of the United States of America. The name Michigan is the French form of the Ojibwa word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake"....
. The population was 917 at the 2000 census
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census...
. The village is located within Mendon Township
Mendon Township is a civil township of St. Joseph County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,775 at the 2000 census. The Village of Mendon is located within the township.-Geography:...
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the village has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²), of which, 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²) of it is land and 1.32% is water.
The original county of St. Joseph was divided into townships. Mendon township was settled in 1831. The village of Mendon was platted in 1845.
According to the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 917 people, 334 households, and 245 families residing in the village. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 1,217.1 per square mile (472.1/km²). There were 364 housing units at an average density of 483.1 per square mile (187.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.84% White, 0.65% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.55% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.
There were 334 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the village the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $40,000, and the median income for a family was $41,625. Males had a median income of $34,479 versus $27,692 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the village was $17,266. About 3.9% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
Each year, the village celebrates the Mendon Riverfest at Reed River Park on the banks of the St. Joseph River
The St. Joseph River is a river, approximately long, in southern Michigan and northern Indiana in the United States. It drains a primarily rural farming area in the watershed of Lake Michigan...
. This festival began in 1987 at the Wakeman House, but relocated around 1989 when the size of the festival became too large for the venue. The Riverfest happens every third weekend in August from Thursday to Saturday. Signature activities include the Lip Sync Contest, Canoe Swamp, Casino Night and Toy Boat Race. The culmination of the festival happens Saturday night with a fireworks display over the banks of the St. Joseph River.
Mendon is also one of the top academic schools southwestern Michigan. Mendon High School scored better in Writing on the Spring 2009 Michigan Merit Exam than any school in the region. They were also second in Reading and third in English Language Arts.