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is a small city in the Kvemo Kartli
Kvemo Kartli is a historic province and current administrative region in southeastern Georgia. The city of Rustavi is a regional capital. The population is mixed between Azeris and Georgians .The current governor is Davit Kirkitadze.- External links :* *...
region of southern Georgia
Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the southwest by Turkey, to the south by Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital of...
and administrative center of Marneuli District
Marneuli is a district of Georgia, in the region of Kvemo Kartli. Its main town is Marneuli.- Location :Marneuli District is situated in south-east part of country near to border with Azerbaijan and Armenia. Area of district amounts 935 km² . Most part of its territory is located in Marneuli lowland...
that borders neighboring Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...
Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...
According to information of the Department of Statistics of Georgia the population of the city was 20,100 in 2006. The city is predominantly populated by Georgian Azerbaijanis (83,1%).
Before 1947 the town was known as Borchali
Borchali is a region of Georgia largely populated by ethnic Azerbaijanis. Historical name of present day-Kvemo Kartli.-Etymology:According to the etymological research "Borchali" toponymy is considered coming from the words "hole" and "empty"...
. Between 1947 and 1952 the town was known as Sarvan, a name still used in some contexts. Marneuli town gained the official status of 'city' (gorod) in 1964.
Today Marneuli is the site of a Georgian military air base. That base was bombed on August 8th, 2008 during the War in South Ossetia (2008), reportedly leaving 4 dead (all ethnic Georgians) and 5 wounded.
There is one university branch (Tbilisi State University) and one university opened in 2008 (Heydar Aliyev Georgia-Azerbaijan Humanitarian University) in Marneuli. .