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In Mesoamerican calendars
Mesoamerican calendars are the calendrical systems devised and used by the pre-Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica. In addition to the basic function of a calendar—defining and organizing periods of time in a way that allows events to be fixed, ordered and noted relative to each other and some...
, the Lords of the Night
are a set of nine gods
A deity is a recognized preternatural or supernatural immortal being, who may be thought of as holy, divine, or sacred, held in high regard, and respected by believers....
that ruled over a particular night. They were cyclical, so that same god recurred every nine nights.
In the Aztec calendar
The Aztec calendar is the calendar system that was used by the Aztecs as well as other Pre-Columbian peoples of central Mexico. It is one of the Mesoamerican calendars, sharing the basic structure of calendars from throughout ancient Mesoamerica....
, the Lords of the night are
- Xiuhtecuhtli – god of Fire, Year or Grass (Lord of the Year, year)
- Itztli – god of Flint (Flint)
- Piltzintecuhtli – lord of the youths (flower)
- Cinteotl – god of Maize, Ears of Corn, and Bread (goddess of Maize)
- Mictlantecuhtli – god of Infernal Regions (death)
- Chalchiuhtlicue – Lady with Skirt of Jade (Water goddess)
- Tlazolteotl - goddess of Love
- Tepeyollotl – Heart of the Mountains (deity who lived in the mountains)
- Tlaloc – lord of the Rain
The Maya calendar
The Maya calendar is a system of calendars and almanacs used in the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and in many modern Maya communities in highland Guatemala. and in Chiapas....
also has nine Lords of the Night, though their specific names are unknown. The glyphs corresponding to the night gods are known and mayanist identify them with labels G1 to G9. Generally, these glyphs are frequently used with a fixed glyph coined F.