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There are more than 2,400 cave
A cave or cavern is a natural underground space large enough for a human to enter. The term applies to natural cavities some part of which is in total darkness. The word cave also includes smaller spaces like rock shelters, sea caves, and grottos.Speleology is the science of exploration and study...
s in Slovakia
The Slovak Republic is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about . Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south...
, out of which more than 400 have been explored so far. New caves are being discovered constantly.
Caves open to the public
- caves included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list:
- Dobšinská Ice Cave
Dobšinská Ice Cave or Dobšinská ľadová jaskyňa is an ice cave in Slovakia, near the mining town of Dobšiná in the Slovak Paradise. Since 2000 it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list as a part of Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst site...
(Dobšinská ľadová jaskyňa), Slovak Paradise
Slovak Paradise is a mountain range in central Slovakia. It is a part of the Spiš-Gemer Karst, which in turn is a part of the Slovenské rudohorie Mountains, a major subdivision of the Western Carpathians....
Domica is the biggest cave in the Slovak Karst in southern Slovakia, Rožňava District. It is a part of the cave complex that continues into the cave Baradla in Hungary. It was discovered in 1926 by Ján Majko. Since 1932, of the are open to public...
, Slovak Karst
The Slovak Karst is one of the mountain ranges of the Slovenské rudohorie Mountains in the Carpathians in southern Slovakia. It consists of a complex of huge karst plains and plateaus. Since 1973 it was a protected landscape area. On 1 March 2002 Slovak Karst National Park was declared...
- Gombasek Cave
Gombasek Cave or Gombasecká jaskyňa and Gombaszögi-barlang is a stalactite and stalagmite cave in the Slovak Karst, Slovakia. It is named after the settlement of Gombasek, which belongs to the village of Slavec. It is located in the Slovak Karst National Park, in the Slaná river valley,...
(Gombasecká jaskyňa), Slovak Karst
- Jasovská Cave
Jasovská Cave is a stalactite cave in the Slovak Karst in Slovakia. It is located near the village of Jasov, around 25 km from Košice.The cave was partly opened for the public in 1846, making it the oldest publicly accessible cave in Slovakia. The lower parts of the cave were discovered in 1922 to...
(Jasovská jaskyňa), Slovak Karst
- Ochtinská Aragonite Cave
Ochtinská Aragonite Cave is a unique aragonite cave situated in southern Slovakia, near Rožňava. Although only 300 m long, it is famous for its rare aragonite filling. There are only three aragonite caves discovered in the world so far. In the so-called Milky Way Hall, the main attraction of the...
(Ochtinská aragonitová jaskyňa), Slovak Karst
- other public caves:
- Belianska Cave
Belianska Cave is a stalactite cave in the Slovak part of the Tatra mountains, the largest and the only one open to the public in the Tatras. It is located above the settlement of Tatranská Kotlina, which is a part of the town of Vysoké Tatry....
- Bojnická hradná jaskyňa (literally Bojnice Castle Cave), Bojnice
Bojnice is a small town in central Slovakia at the upper Nitra river, near the city of Prievidza. It has population of 4,983 . Bojnice is best known for its tourist attractions: the oldest zoo in Slovakia, the most visited castle, and one of the oldest spa towns in Slovakia. The town is situated...
- Bystrianska Cave
Bystrianska Cave is a limestone cave located on the southern slopes of the Nizke Tatry Mountains, along the road towards Banska Bystrica, at the southern edge of the town of Bystrá, in the Brezno District, Banskobystrický region, in Slovakia. Discovered in 1926 by E. and A. Hollmann and J....
(Bystrianska jaskyňa), Low Tatras
- Cave of Dead Bats (Jaskyňa mŕtvych netopierov), Low Tatras
- out of the Demänová Caves (23 km long), Low Tatras:
- Demänovská jaskyňa Slobody
Demänovská Cave of Liberty is a karst cave in Low Tatras in Slovakia. Discovered in 1921 and opened to the public in 1924, it is the most visited cave in Slovakia.The public entrance is at an altitude of...
(literally Demänová Cave of Freedom)
- Demänovská Ice Cave
Demänovská Ice Cave or Demänovská ľadová jaskyňa is an ice cave in the Demänovská Valley in Slovakia. It was first mentioned in 1299 and is one of oldest known caves in Europe. After the opening of Demänovská jaskyňa Slobody in 1924, interest in this cave declined...
(Demänovská ľadová jaskyňa)
Driny is a limestone cave in West Slovakia in the Little Carpathians Mountains. It is located around 2 km southwest of the village of Smolenice.The cave's entrance altitude is 399 m....
, Little Carpathians
The Little Carpathians are a low, about 100 km long, mountain range, part of the Carpathian Mountains. The mountains are situated in Western Slovakia, covering the area from Bratislava to Nové Mesto nad Váhom, a very small part called Hundsheimer Berge is situated south of Devín Gate in...
- Harmanecká Cave
Harmanecká Cave or Harmanec Cave is a stalactite cave in Central Slovakia. It is located in the Staré Hory and Kremnica mountain ranges and close to the Veľká Fatra mountains. The closest villages are Harmanec and Dolný Harmanec; Banská Bystrica is around 16 km south east of the cave.The entrance...
(Harmanecká jaskyňa), Staré Hory Mountains
The Staré Hory Mountains is a small mountain range in Central Slovakia, near the town of Banská Bystrica. It is a part of the Low Tatra, which is part of the Fatra-Tatra Area and the Inner Western Carpathians. The mountain range is named after the village of Staré Hory .It borders the Veľká Fatra...
- Važecká Cave
Važecká Cave is a stalactite cave near the village of Važec in northern Slovakia. It lies at an altitude of 748 metres, in the Liptov Basin near the Biely Váh River, on the northern edge of the Low Tatra mountain range. The cave was discovered in 1922...
(Važecká jaskyňa), Liptov
Liptó is the name of a historic administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently in northern Slovakia.-Geography:...
Note: The list is incomplete
- Diviačia priepasť (literally Boar Pit Cave), Slovak Karst
- Medvedia jaskyňa (Bear Cave), Slovak Paradise
- Demänová Caves (other than those mentioned above), Low Tatras
- Čertova diera (Devil's Hole), Slovak Karst
- Drienovská jaskyňa (Drienovec Cave), Slovak Karst
- Brázda, Slovak Karst
- Krásnohorská Cave
Krásnohorská Cave is a karst cave situated at the northern foot of the Silická planina Plain, in the Slovak Karst, 6.5 km southeast of Rožňava, in Slovakia...
(Krásna Hôrka Cave), Slovak Karst
- Malá železná priepasť (Little Iron Pit Cave), Slovak Karst
- Javorová priepasť (Maple Pit Cave), Low Tatras
- Mesačný tieň (Moon Shadow Cave), High Tatras
High Tatras or High Tatra are a mountain range on the borders between Slovakia and Poland. They are a part of the Tatra Mountains...
- Starý hrad (Old Castle), Low Tatras (the deepest cave in Slovakia)
- Silická ľadnica (Silica Ice Cave), Slovak Karst