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or Chełm Governorate
( Kholmskaya Guberniya
) was an administrative unit (governorate) of the Russian Empire
The Russian Empire was a state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia and the predecessor of the Soviet Union...
. Its capital was in Chełm (Russian and Ukrainian: Холм Kholm
It was created from eastern parts of Siedlce Governorate
Siedlce Governorate was an administrative unit of the Congress Poland.-History:It was created in 1867 from the division of the Lublin Governorate. It was in fact a recreation of the older Podlasie Governorate, but now renamed to Siedlce Governorate.-Language:*By the Imperial census of 1897...
and Lublin Governorate
Lublin Governorate ) was an administrative unit of the Congress Poland.-History:It was created in 1837 from the Lublin Voivodeship, and had the same borders and capital as the voivodeship....
in 1912. It was separated from the Privislinsky Krai and joined to Kiev General Governorate as "core Russian territory", as a precaution in case Privislinsky Krai territories should be taken from the Russian Empire in an upcoming war. Another reason for this administrative change was to facilitate Russification
Russification is an adoption of the Russian language or some other Russian attributes by non-Russian communities...
The Conversion of Chełm Eparchy, which occurred from January to May 1875, refers to the generally forced conversion of the last Uniate Eparchy in the Russian Empire, which was centered in the Volhynian city of Chełm , to the Orthodox faith....
of the non-Eastern Orthodox Christians.
According to Russian statistical sources in 1914, while the area of the governorate was 10 460 km2, it was inhabited by approximately 912,000 inhabitants of whom about 50.1% were Ukrainians, 30.5% Poles, 15.8% Jews.
External links The legal document of the Russian Duma that proclaims the creation of the Kholm Governorate.