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is a city in Katanga Province
Katanga Province is one of the provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province. Under the new constitution, the province was to be replaced by four smaller provinces by February 2009; this did not actually take place.Katanga's regional...
, Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a state located in Central Africa. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world...
. It is located at around 8°44′19"S 24°59′26"E. It is the provincial capital.
Kamina is known for being an important railway node; three lines of the DRC railways run from Kamina toward the north, west, and south-east. It has two airports, one civil (Kamina Airport
Kamina Airport is the internal civil airport which is located in and serves the city of Kamina in the southern Democratic Republic of the Congo.It is separate from the larger military Kamina Air Base...
) and one military (Kamina Base Airport).
The Belgian Armed Forces
The Belgian Army is the national military of Belgium. The Belgian Army was established after Belgium became independent in October 1830...
established a large military base in Kamina after the Second World War. The large base complex consisted of Base 1, an air base used for flying training, and Base 2, a paratroop training facility. When the Congo gained independence in June 1960, Belgium initially retained control of Kamina, under agreement with the Congolese government, but in October 1960 control of the base was taken over by the United Nations. The base was never under Katangese
Katanga was a breakaway state proclaimed on 11 July 1960 separating itself from the newly independent Democratic Republic of the Congo. In revolt against the new government of Patrice Lumumba in July, Katanga declared independence under Moise Tshombe, leader of the local CONAKAT party...
control, although Katangese troops occupied the nearby town of Kaminaville.
In early 1964, the UN handed over Kamina to the Congolese Armed Forces
. It is now a 'brassage' centre for the slowly forming Army of the Military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
. Brassage is the process whereby fighters of the former DRC warring factions are brought together into new combined units.