Jerboa

Jerboa

Overview
The jerboa form the bulk of the membership of the family
Family (biology)
In biological classification, family is* a taxonomic rank. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus, and species, with family fitting between order and genus. As for the other well-known ranks, there is the option of an immediately lower rank, indicated by the...

 Dipodidae
Dipodidae
The Dipodidae, or dipodids, are a family of rodents found across the northern hemisphere. This family includes over 50 species among the 16 genera....

. Jerboas are hopping desert
Desert
A desert is a landscape or region that receives an extremely low amount of precipitation, less than enough to support growth of most plants. Most deserts have an average annual precipitation of less than...

 rodent
Rodent
Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing....

s found throughout Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

 and Northern Africa. They tend to be found in hot deserts.

Jerboas are nocturnal. During the heat of the day, they shelter in burrows. They create four separate types of burrow: two temporary, and two permanent . The temporary burrows are plain tubes used to escape predators during the night, tending to be just 10 centimetre deep, unsealed and not camouflaged .
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Encyclopedia
The jerboa form the bulk of the membership of the family
Family (biology)
In biological classification, family is* a taxonomic rank. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus, and species, with family fitting between order and genus. As for the other well-known ranks, there is the option of an immediately lower rank, indicated by the...

 Dipodidae
Dipodidae
The Dipodidae, or dipodids, are a family of rodents found across the northern hemisphere. This family includes over 50 species among the 16 genera....

. Jerboas are hopping desert
Desert
A desert is a landscape or region that receives an extremely low amount of precipitation, less than enough to support growth of most plants. Most deserts have an average annual precipitation of less than...

 rodent
Rodent
Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing....

s found throughout Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

 and Northern Africa. They tend to be found in hot deserts.

Burrows and Behavior


Jerboas are nocturnal. During the heat of the day, they shelter in burrows. They create four separate types of burrow: two temporary, and two permanent . The temporary burrows are plain tubes used to escape predators during the night, tending to be just 10 centimetre deep, unsealed and not camouflaged . Permanent daytime burrows are well-hidden and sealed with a plug of sand to keep heat out and moisture in, and tend to be 20 centimetre long . A jerboa's permanent burrow often has multiple entrances, and it is a much more elaborate structure with a nesting chamber . The winter burrows have food storage chambers 40 centimetre below ground level, and a hibernation chamber an astonishing 1.5 to 2.5 m (4.9 to 8.2 ft) down.

Perhaps the best-known species is the Lesser Egyptian Jerboa
Lesser Egyptian Jerboa
The Lesser Egyptian Jerboa الجربوع , Jaculus jaculus, is a little rodent of Africa and the Middle East.Its diet consists of seeds and grasses, however the Jerboa needs very little water to survive.-References:...

 (Jaculus jaculus) which occupies some of the most hostile deserts on the planet. It does not drink at all, relying on its food to provide enough moisture for survival . Found in both the sandy and stony deserts of North Africa
North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

, Arabia and Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

, this small creature aestivates
Estivation
Aestivation is a state of animal dormancy, characterized by inactivity and a lowered metabolic rate, that is entered in response to high temperatures and arid conditions...

 (analogous to hibernation
Hibernation
Hibernation is a state of inactivity and metabolic depression in animals, characterized by lower body temperature, slower breathing, and lower metabolic rate. Hibernating animals conserve food, especially during winter when food supplies are limited, tapping energy reserves, body fat, at a slow rate...

) during the hottest summer months, and has the ability to leap a full three meters to escape a predator also by jumping in a zig-zag pattern.

The Jerboa eats tubers as well as other desert plants.

Classification


  • ORDER RODENTIA
    Rodent
    Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing....

  • Family Dipodidae
    Dipodidae
    The Dipodidae, or dipodids, are a family of rodents found across the northern hemisphere. This family includes over 50 species among the 16 genera....

    • Subfamily Zapodinae: jumping mice, 4 species in 3 genera
    • Subfamily Sicistinae: birch mice
    • Subfamily Cardiocraniinae
      • Cardiocranius
        • Five-toed Pygmy Jerboa
          Five-toed Pygmy Jerboa
          The Five-toed Pygmy Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Cardiocranius.It is found in China, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia.Its natural habitat is temperate desert....

          , Cardiocranius paradoxus
      • Salpingotus
        Salpingotus
        Salpingotus is a genus of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It contains the following species:* Genus Salpingotus**Subgenus Anguistodontus*** Thick-tailed Pygmy Jerboa **Subgenus Prosalpingotus...

        • Thick-tailed Pygmy Jerboa
          Thick-tailed Pygmy Jerboa
          The Thick-tailed Pygmy Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in China, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. Its natural habitats are temperate grassland and temperate desert...

          , Salpingotus crassicauda
        • Heptner's Pygmy Jerboa
          Heptner's Pygmy Jerboa
          Heptner's Pygmy Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and possibly Russia. Its natural habitat is temperate desert.-References:...

          , Salpingotus heptneri
        • Kozlov's Pygmy Jerboa
          Kozlov's Pygmy Jerboa
          Kozlov's Pygmy Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in China and Mongolia. Its natural habitat is temperate desert.-References:...

          , Salpingotus kozlovi
        • Baluchistan Pygmy Jerboa
          Baluchistan Pygmy Jerboa
          The Baluchistan Pygmy Jerboa, or the Dwarf Three-toed Jerboa, is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is the only species in the genus Salpingotulus. Adults average only 4.4cm head and body length, with the tail averaging 8cm. Adult females weigh 3.75 grams. It is endemic to Pakistan...

          , Salpingotus michaelis
        • Pallid Pygmy Jerboa, Salpingotus pallidus
        • Thomas's Pygmy Jerboa
          Thomas's Pygmy Jerboa
          Thomas's Pygmy Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is endemic to Afghanistan. Its natural habitat is temperate desert.-References:* Baillie, J. 1996. . Downloaded on 30 July 2007....

          , Salpingotus thomasi
    • Subfamily Dipodinae
      Dipodinae
      Dipodinae is a subfamily of Dipodidae.-Classification:Subfamily Dipodinae*Tribe Dipodini**Genus Dipus***Northern Three-toed Jerboa, Dipus sagitta**Genus Eremodipus***Lichtenstein's Jerboa, Eremodipus lichtensteini...

      • Dipus
        • Northern Three-toed Jerboa
          Northern Three-toed Jerboa
          The Northern Three-toed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Dipus.It is found in China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.-References:...

          , Dipus sagitta
      • Eremodipus
        • Lichtenstein's Jerboa
          Lichtenstein's Jerboa
          Lichtenstein's Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Eremodipus.It is found in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.-References:...

          , Eremodipus lichensteini
      • Jaculus
        Jaculus (rodent)
        The genus Jaculus is a member of the Dipodinae subfamily of dipodoid rodents . Jaculus species are distributed in desert and semi-arid regions across northern Africa, the Sahara, the Horn of Africa, Arabia, the Middle East, and Central Asia....

        • Blanford's Jerboa
          Blanford's Jerboa
          Blanford's Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan.-References:...

          , Jaculus blanfordi
        • Lesser Egyptian Jerboa
          Lesser Egyptian Jerboa
          The Lesser Egyptian Jerboa الجربوع , Jaculus jaculus, is a little rodent of Africa and the Middle East.Its diet consists of seeds and grasses, however the Jerboa needs very little water to survive.-References:...

          , Jaculus jaculus
        • Greater Egyptian Jerboa
          Greater Egyptian Jerboa
          The Greater Egyptian Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, and Tunisia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, sandy shores, and arable land.-References:* Aulagnier, S. 2004. . ...

          , Jaculus orientalis
        • Turkmen Jerboa, Jaculus turcmenicus
      • Stylodipus
        Stylodipus
        Stylodipus is a genus of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It contains the following species:* Andrews's Three-toed Jerboa * Mongolian Three-toed Jerboa...

        • Andrews's Three-toed Jerboa
          Andrews's Three-toed Jerboa
          Andrews's Three-toed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in China and Mongolia.- References :* Baillie, J. 1996. . Downloaded on 30 July 2007....

          , Stylodipus andrewsi
        • Mongolian Three-toed Jerboa
          Mongolian Three-toed Jerboa
          The Mongolian Three-toed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in Mongolia and possibly China.-References:...

          , Stylodipus sungorus
        • Thick-tailed Three-toed Jerboa
          Thick-tailed Three-toed Jerboa
          The Thick-tailed Three-toed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in China, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.-References:...

          , Stylodipus telum
    • Subfamily Euchoreutinae
      • Euchoreutes
        • Long-eared Jerboa
          Long-eared Jerboa
          The Long-eared Jerboa, Euchoreutes naso, is a nocturnal mouse-like rodent with a long tail, long hind legs for jumping, and exceptionally large ears...

          , Euchoreutes naso
    • Subfamily Allactaginae
      Allactaginae
      Allactaginae is a subfamily of rodents.- Classification :Subfamily Allactaginae*Genus Allactaga**incertae sedis***Allactaga toussi**Subgenus Allactaga***Small Five-toed Jerboa, Allactaga elater...

      • Allactaga
        Allactaga
        The genus Allactaga contains the four and five-toed jerboas of Asia.-Characteristics:These are hopping rodents of desert and semi-arid regions with long ears, tails and feet. All members of the genus have five toes except for a single species, the Four-toed Jerboa, Allactaga tetradactyla of...

        • Balikun Jerboa
          Balikun Jerboa
          The Balikun Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in China and Mongolia.-References:...

          , Allactaga balikunica
        • Gobi Jerboa
          Gobi Jerboa
          The Gobi Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in China and Mongolia.Its natural habitats are temperate grassland and temperate desert.-References:...

          , Allactaga bullata
        • Small Five-toed Jerboa
          Small Five-toed Jerboa
          The Small Five-toed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan.-References:...

          , Allactaga elater
        • Euphrates Jerboa
          Euphrates Jerboa
          The Euphrates Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Turkey....

          , Allactaga euphratica
        • Iranian Jerboa
          Iranian Jerboa
          The Iranian Jerboa is a jerboa in the subfamily Allactaginae. The species was listed as critically endangered by the IUCN red list. It is only found one small population in Iran. They were found on a flat plain with a gravel substrate and sparse, mountain steppe vegetation. It is a nocturnal...

          , Allactaga firouzi
        • Hotson's Jerboa
          Hotson's Jerboa
          Hotson's Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. Named by Oldfield Thomas after John Ernest Buttery Hotson who collected specimens in Baluchistan during 1918-1920....

          , Allactaga hotsoni
        • Great Jerboa
          Great Jerboa
          FileThe Great Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It mainly lives in deserts.The Great Jerboa lives in many desert biomes around the world....

          , Allactaga major
        • Severtzov's Jerboa, Allactaga severtzovi
        • Mongolian Five-toed Jerboa
          Mongolian Five-toed Jerboa
          The Mongolian Five-toed Jerboa or Siberian Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Turkmenistan.-References:...

          , Allactaga sibirica
        • Four-toed Jerboa
          Four-toed jerboa
          The Four-toed Jerboa is a small jumping desert rodent. This species of jerboa is endangered and lives in coastal salt marshes, and dry and clay deserts. It has long hind legs, short front legs, and long ears about the length of its head. Its fur is the color of the sand it burrows in, with a...

          , Allactaga tetradactyla
        • Vinogradov's Jerboa
          Vinogradov's Jerboa
          Vinogradov's Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It is found in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.-References:...

          , Allactaga vinogradovi
        • Bobrinski's Jerboa
          Bobrinski's Jerboa
          Bobrinski's Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Allactodipus.It is found in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.-References:...

          , Allactodipus bobrinskii
      • Pygeretmus
        Pygeretmus
        Pygeretmus is a genus of rodent in the Dipodidae family.It contains the following species:* Lesser Fat-tailed Jerboa * Dwarf Fat-tailed Jerboa * Greater Fat-tailed Jerboa...

        • Lesser Fat-tailed Jerboa
          Lesser Fat-tailed Jerboa
          The Lesser Fat-tailed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is endemic to West, Central, and Eastern Kazakhstan, as well as Northwestern Turkmenistan.-Sources:...

          , Pygeretmus platyurus
        • Dwarf Fat-tailed Jerboa
          Dwarf Fat-tailed Jerboa
          The Dwarf Fat-tailed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is found in China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia.-References:* Baillie, J. 1996. . Downloaded on 30 July 2007....

          , Pygeretmus pumilio
        • Greater Fat-tailed Jerboa
          Greater Fat-tailed Jerboa
          The Greater Fat-tailed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is endemic to Kazakhstan. Its natural habitat is temperate desert.-References:...

          , Pygeretmus shitkovi
    • Subfamily Paradipodinae
      • Paradipus
        • Comb-toed Jerboa
          Comb-toed Jerboa
          The Comb-toed Jerboa is a species of rodent in the Dipodidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Paradipus. It is found in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.-References:...

          , Paradipus ctenodactylus

External links