Inauguration

Inauguration

Overview

An inauguration is a formal ceremony to mark the beginning of a leader's term of office. An example is the ceremony in which the President of the United States
President of the United States
The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces....

 officially takes the oath of office
Oath of office
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations...

.

The most common usage of the term is in the context of a formal investiture
Investiture
Investiture, from the Latin is a rather general term for the formal installation of an incumbent...

 whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority or power. The term is usually used in reference to a
politician's assumption of the duties of head of state
Head of State
A head of state is the individual that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchy, republic, federation, commonwealth or other kind of state. His or her role generally includes legitimizing the state and exercising the political powers, functions, and duties granted to the head of...

 or head of government
Head of government
Head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. In a parliamentary system, the head of government is often styled prime minister, chief minister, premier, etc...

 (e.g.
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An inauguration is a formal ceremony to mark the beginning of a leader's term of office. An example is the ceremony in which the President of the United States
President of the United States
The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces....

 officially takes the oath of office
Oath of office
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations...

.

The most common usage of the term is in the context of a formal investiture
Investiture
Investiture, from the Latin is a rather general term for the formal installation of an incumbent...

 whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority or power. The term is usually used in reference to a
politician's assumption of the duties of head of state
Head of State
A head of state is the individual that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchy, republic, federation, commonwealth or other kind of state. His or her role generally includes legitimizing the state and exercising the political powers, functions, and duties granted to the head of...

 or head of government
Head of government
Head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. In a parliamentary system, the head of government is often styled prime minister, chief minister, premier, etc...

 (e.g. the
President's inauguration). An "inaugural address" is the presidential speech given at this
ceremony which informs the people of his intentions as a leader.

Political inaugurations often feature lavish ceremonies, in which the
politician publicly takes his or her oath of office in front of a large crowd of spectators. The equivalent ceremony in another jurisdiction may be called a "swearing-in
Oath of allegiance
An oath of allegiance is an oath whereby a subject or citizen acknowledges a duty of allegiance and swears loyalty to monarch or country. In republics, modern oaths specify allegiance to the country's constitution. For example, officials in the United States, a republic, take an oath of office that...

". A monarchical inauguration is similar to what in another jurisdiction may be called a coronation
Coronation
A coronation is a ceremony marking the formal investiture of a monarch and/or their consort with regal power, usually involving the placement of a crown upon their head and the presentation of other items of regalia...

 or enthronement
Enthronement
An enthronement is a ceremony of inauguration, involving a person—usually a monarch or religious leader—being formally seated for the first time upon their throne. This ritual is generally distinguished from a coronation because there is no crown or other regalia that is physically...

.

Other than personal inaugurations, the term can also refer to the official opening or beginning of an institution or structure, for example the inauguration of a new Canada–United States border crossing
Border Crossing
Border Crossing may refer to:* Border Crossing , an album by saxophonist Mike Osborne.* Border Crossing , a UK hip hop collective musical group.* Border Crossing , a 2001 novel by English author Pat Barker....

.

See also


  • Coronation
    Coronation
    A coronation is a ceremony marking the formal investiture of a monarch and/or their consort with regal power, usually involving the placement of a crown upon their head and the presentation of other items of regalia...

  • Philippine presidential inauguration
    Philippine presidential inauguration
    The inauguration of the President of the Philippines marks the beginning of a new term of the President of the Philippines.-Inaugural Ceremonies:...

  • Russian presidential inauguration
  • Brazilian presidential inauguration
    Brazilian presidential inauguration
    The inauguration of the President of Brazil is composed of several ceremonies that happen in the same day.Through democratic elections or coups, resignations and deaths, presidential inaugurations have been important events in Brazilian history....

  • United States presidential inauguration
  • List of speeches given by Presidents of the United States

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