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is a semantic relation
Semantics is the study of meaning. It focuses on the relation between signifiers, such as words, phrases, signs and symbols, and what they stand for, their denotata....
. Holonymy defines the relationship between a term denoting the whole and a term denoting a part of, or a member of, the whole. That is,
- 'X' is a holonym of 'Y' if Ys are parts of Xs, or
- 'X' is a holonym of 'Y' if Ys are members of Xs.
For example, 'tree' is a holonym of 'bark', of 'trunk' and of 'limb.'
Holonymy is the opposite of meronymy
Meronymy is a semantic relation used in linguistics. A meronym denotes a constituent part of, or a member of something. That is,...